Prepared by Richard Hill
Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2004
ISBN 0 642 55009 3
- Guide for decision-makers
- Community participation
- Tools to assist implementation
- Landholder incentives
- Role and interests of indigenous people
- Interests that will be affected by the plan's implementation or adoption
- Consultation with, and advice considered from relevant state and territory governments and the general public
- Community participation
The following management actions are required to aid the Christmas Island Goshawk viability and recovery:
- Adequate resourcing of the identified management activities for the species, in particular, the crazy ant action plan;
- Prevention of illegal destruction of goshawks by Christmas Island residents;
- Quarantine prevention of the introduction of new avian pathogens;
- Quarantine prevention of the introduction of new invasive weeds; and
- Quarantine prevention of the introduction of new predators.
This taxon is dependent on active conservation management.
Any action which would remove nesting sites, potential nesting sites or feeding habitat could result in a significant impact on the species and requires referral to the Commonwealth Environment Minister under the EPBC Act.
This recovery plan aims to involve the community in a significant way in monitoring Christmas Island Goshawks. They will be encouraged to report all sightings or suspected sightings of goshawks to PANCI. In addition, goshawks will be colour-banded with an easily legible code or colour-combination that the community will be encourage to report. Validated reports will provide important population monitoring data.
|Action||Likely expenses||Cost estimate||Responsibility||Timeframe|
|Investigate taxonomic status||Museum Victoria||$6000||PANC||Yr 1'1-2|
|Detailed population survey||PANCI staff, training consultant, and local staff/contractor/ARA volunteers||$73,800#||PANCI||Yr 1-2|
|On-going population monitoring PAN staff time||ARA volunteers||$11,000 pa, + $7,000 /5 year^||PANCI||Ongoing|
|Develop and implement wildlife management plan for habitat outside national park||PANCI staff time||$10,000 then $5000pa||PAN||Ongoing|
|Ensure protection of habitat critical outside the national park*||PANCI staff time||$2,000 pa||PANCI||Ongoing|
|Continue effective and long-term rainforest rehabilitation program managed by DOTAR and supported by other government departments, PAN and the mining company.||DOTARS staff time, PANCI supervision and monitoring, contractors.||$750,000** pa||DOTARS||Until mine ceases operation|
|Implement the Invasive Ants on Christmas Island Action Plan. *||PANCI staff, ant bait, contractors, research||$475,000 in 2002/3) approx $100,000 pa||PANCI||Ongoing|
|Maintenance [and regular review] of a quarantine barrier between Christmas Island and all other lands to minimise risks of new avian disease establishing*||AQIS staff time, PANCI assistance to AQIS||$2000 pa (PANCI)||AQIS||Ongoing|
|A community education program to raise awareness and interest in the conservation of Christmas Island Goshawks. *||PANCI||$2000 pa||PANCI||Ongoing|
|Establish a recovery team which meets regularly *||PANCI||$2000 pa||PANCI||Ongoing|
|Carry out a major review of the recovery plan||Recovery Team||$2500||PANCI||Yr 5|
Notes: PAN: Parks Australia North; PANCI: PAN Christmas Island staff.
Opportunities exist for the Natural Heritage Trust to be used to protect remnant vegetation on private land. Management agreements can be put in place with landholders' permission to protect and enhance native vegetation on the island.
Parks Australia North, Shire of Christmas Island, Union of Christmas Island Workers, Asia Pacific Space Centre Pty. Ltd., Department of Transport and Regional Services, the Department of Immigration and Indigenous Affairs, Christmas Island Phosphates.
Consultation with, and advice considered from relevant State and Territory Governments and the general public
There are no relevant State or Territory governments to consult with. Whilst Christmas Island is a Commonwealth non-self governing Territory, Western Australian laws are applied to the island as Commonwealth applied laws. A number of Western Australian agencies have roles on Christmas Island through agreements with the Department of Transport and Regional Services (DOTARS). DOTARS has contributed to the development of this plan.
This plan was originally written in 1996. The current version was completed by Birds Australia in consultation with PAN, staff of Christmas Island National Park, and the Department of Environment and Heritage, Canberra. Both Christmas Island Phosphates and Shire of Christmas Island were consulted during the preparation of this current plan.
As part of the requirements for the EPBC Act, a three month public consultation phase is undertaken whereby the public are able to contribute comments on draft plans, and where relevant these comments are then incorporated.
Regular press articles in Christmas Island newspapers. Participation by community and visitors in reporting sightings of colour-banded goshawks will be an important part of the proposed goshawk monitoring program. Also see action 9 - includes production of a multi-lingual pamphlet on Christmas Island seabirds and a potential curriculum unit on endemic seabirds for both primary and secondary school students.
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Burton A.M., Alford, R.A. and J. Young. 1994 Reproductive parameters of the Grey Goshawk (Accipiter novaehollandiae) and Brown Goshawk (Accipiter fasciatus) at Albergowrie, northern Queensland, Australia. J. Zool. London 232:347-363.
Carew-Reid, J. 1987. Rehabilitation of mined clearings on Christmas Island, Indian Ocean. Unpublished report to the Director of the Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service, Canberra.
Carter, M. 1994. Christmas Island Birds. Wingspan: 1994, Summer.
Caughley, G. and A.R.E. Sinclair. 1994. Wildlife Ecology and Management. Blackwell Science, Cambridge.
Chasen, F.N. 1933. Notes on the birds of Christmas Island. Bull. Raff. Mus.: 55-87.
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