CITES member parties can adopt a stronger position on certain listed species than is required under the convention. Australia recognises and uses this provision in its wildlife trade legislation with stricter domestic measures.
These measures mean that particular species or products are regulated more strictly within Australia than CITES would require as a minimum.
- Stricter domestic measure: Declaring all Cetacea as Appendix I - 25 January 2007
- Stricter domestic measure: Declaring all Elephants as Appendix I - 10 December 2002
Under Australia's stricter domestic measures, all cetacean and elephant products have been declared as Appendix I
Declared specimens may only be imported commercially if they have been sourced from an operation that has been approved as a commercial import program.
Aquaculture of certain aquatic species listed under Appendix II of CITES may also be approved.
Declared specimens are:
- Ramin (Gonystylus spp)
- Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) originating from the Caspian Sea
- South African ghaap (Hoodia gordonii)
- All specimens originating from countries not a party to CITES.
The specimens below are listed in the Regulations to the EPBC Act (Reg. 9A.04) as always requiring a CITES import permit issued by this department. This is an Australian stricter domestic measure designed to ensure that imports of these specimens are regulated, regardless of the purpose of the import.
Some CITES II specimens will always require an import permit.
- Order Falconiformes (birds of prey)
- Order Strigiformes (birds of prey)
- Sub family Lutrinae (otters)
- Family Felidae (cats)
- Family Ursidae (bears)
- Genus Arctocephalus (seals)
- Ammotragus lervia (Barbary sheep)
- Bison bison athabascae (wood bison)
- Cephalophus jentinki (Jentink's duiker)
- Equus zebra hartmannae (Hartmann's mountain zebra)
- Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus)
- Kobus leche (lechwe)
- Ovis canadensis (bighorn or mountain sheep).