Australia's stricter domestic measures

CITES member parties can adopt a stronger position on certain listed species than is required under the convention. Australia recognises and uses this provision in its wildlife trade legislation with stricter domestic measures.

Stricter domestic measures

These measures mean that particular species or products are regulated more strictly within Australia than CITES would require as a minimum.

For example, the declaration may have the effect of treating a plant or animal listed on Appendix II of CITES as if it was covered by Appendix I of CITES.

Australia has also introduced measures for trade in rhinoceros specimens.

 P Dollinger Great Barrier Reef Marine Park AuthorityBlack Rhino photo credit - Taronga Western Plains Zoo

Australia regulates trade in elephants, cetaceans and rhinoceros more strictly than is required by our obligations under CITES.

Declared specimens

Declared specimens may only be imported commercially if they have been sourced from an operation that has been approved as a commercial import program.

Aquaculture of certain aquatic species listed under Appendix II of CITES may also be approved.

Declared specimens are:

  • Ramin (Gonystylus spp)
  • Beluga sturgeon (Huso huso) originating from the Caspian Sea
  • South African ghaap (Hoodia gordonii)
  • All specimens originating from countries not a party to CITES.

CITES II specimens always requiring a permit

The specimens below are listed in the Regulations to the EPBC Act (Reg. 9A.04) as always requiring a CITES import permit issued by this department. This is an Australian stricter domestic measure designed to ensure that imports of these specimens are regulated, regardless of the purpose of the import.

Some CITES II specimens will always require an import permit.

These include:

  • Order Falconiformes (birds of prey)
  • Order Strigiformes (birds of prey)
  • Sub family Lutrinae (otters)
  • Family Felidae (cats)
  • Family Rhinocerotidae (rhinoceroses)
  • Family Ursidae (bears)
  • Genus Arctocephalus (seals)
  • Ammotragus lervia (Barbary sheep)
  • Bison bison athabascae (wood bison)
  • Cephalophus jentinki (Jentink's duiker)
  • Equus zebra hartmannae (Hartmann's mountain zebra)
  • Hippopotamus amphibius (hippopotamus)
  • Kobus leche (lechwe)
  • Ovis canadensis (bighorn or mountain sheep).