|List||World Heritage List|
|Legal Status||Declared property (17/12/1994)|
|Place File No||3/11/164/0006|
|Statement of Significance|
official statement of Outstanding Universal Value see the UNESCO site http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/698
Naracoorte is located in
flat country, punctuated by a series of stranded coastal dune ridges that run
parallel to the present coastline. The region is one of covered karst. The
caves ofthe Naracoorte Caves Conservation Park are formed in a ridge of Oligo-Miocene
Gambier limestone capped by the Naracoorte East Dune. In the Late Pleistocene
the caves were open to the surface allowing sediment and bones to accumulate in
their entrances and dolines, the most significant of these accumulations being
those of Victoria Fossil Cave. The south-east region's natural history,
including its geography, hydrology, ecosystems and flora and fauna has been
described in detail in Tyler et al. (1983). |
Naracoorte has a cool, moist climate with long, mild, relatively dry summers and maximum rainfall occurring in winter. Riversleigh experiences dry winters and cool summers with monsoonal rainfall.
The Pleistocene fossil vertebrate deposits of Victoria Fossil Cave at Naracoorte are considered to be, in terms of both volume and diversity, Australia's largest and best preserved (Wells et al. 1984), and one of the richest deposits of in the world (Wells, 1975). From the 3-4m deep Fossil Bed, tens of thousands of specimens representing at least 93 vertebrate species have been recovered, ranging in size from very small frogs to buffalo-sized marsupials. These include superbly preserved examples of the Australian Ice-Age megafauna as well as a host of essentially modern species such as the Tasmanian Devil and Thylacine, wallabies, possums, bettongs, mice, bats, snakes, parrots, turtles, lizards and frogs. The fossil material includes complete postcranial remains (many of which are partially articulated) and skulls so well preserved that even the most delicate bones are still intact. The fossil remains are believed to have steadily accumulated over thousands of years until sediment pouring into the Cave completely blocked the entrances to the chambers.
|History Not Available|
|Condition and Integrity Not Available|
About 300ha, 11km south-south-east of Naracoorte, comprising those parts of Naracoorte Caves National
Park inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1994.|
Archer, M. et al (1986)
Uncovering Australia's Dreamtime Surrey Beatty, Chipping North NSW. |
Cochrane, R.M. and Joyce, E.B. (1986) Geological Features of National and International Significance in Australia Australian Heritage Commission, Canberra.
Gould, S.J. (1993) The Book of Life Ebury Hutchinson, London.
Rich, P.V. and van Tets, G.F. (1985) Kadimakara: Extinct Vertebrates of Australia Pioneer, Lilydale.
Wells, R.T. et al (1984) The fossil vertebrate deposits of Victoria Fossil Cave: an introduction to the geology and fauna in Aust Zool 21(4): pp 305-33.
Report Produced Fri Sep 19 23:57:32 2014