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Ulupna Island Flora Reserve, Ulupna Bridge Rd, Strathmerton, VIC, Australia

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List Register of the National Estate (Non-statutory archive)
Class Natural
Legal Status Registered (14/05/1991)
Place ID 4472
Place File No 2/07/218/0003
Statement of Significance
This small reserve is very rich in plant species with 178 species recorded including 118 species of flowering plants. These include two rare or threatened species - the Mueller daisy (BRACHYSCOME MUELLEROIDES) that is nationally vulnerable and endangered in Victoria and Reader's daisy (B. READERI) that is rare in Victoria. Ulupna is especially important for the Mueller daisy because the species is geographically restricted, occurring only here and in some other parts of Barmah Forest.

Ulupna is also an important faunal habitat, particularly for bird species with a high diversity of 101 species recorded. Of these, two are rare woodland birds - the grey-crowned babbler (POMATOSTOMUS TEMPORALIS) that is endangered in Victoria and the nationally vulnerable superb parrot (POLYTELIS SWAINSONII). The grey-crowned babblers resident at Ulupna are part of an important remnant population of a species that was once common in the woodlands of south-eastern Australia but has suffered decline and fragmentation primarily as a result of habitat destruction and extensive modification of soil/ litter layers. Ulupna also provides attractive habitat for superb parrots at the southern end of their range.

Unlike the remainder of the Barmah forests, Ulupna Reserve has suffered remarkably little from the impacts of grazing and logging. Therefore it is an important reference area for studies of the impacts of these activities on the red gum forests of the region. Ulupna also contains an excellent example of river red gum (EUCALYPTUS CAMALDULENSIS) open forest.

The Commission has determined that this place has Indigenous values of national estate significance. The Commission is currently consulting with relevant Indigenous communities about the amount of information to be placed on public record. It is possible that non-indigenous cultural values of national estate significance may exist in this place. As yet, the Commission has not identified, documented nor assessed these values.
Official Values Not Available
Description
The reserve is situated on the Murray Valley flood plain. The Island has a mass of waterways which dry up during periods of drought. Billabongs occur in the central section of the reserve. The vegetation of the reserve is mainly river red gum (EUCALYPTUS CAMALDULENSIS) open forest. The forest has a grassy understorey with species including pink bindweed (CONVOLVULUS ERUBESCENNS), austral cranesbill (GERANIUM SOLANDERI), sprawling bluebell (WAHLENBERGIA GRACILIS), cut-leaf goodenia (GOODENIA PINNATIFIDA) and wallaby grasses (DANTHONIA spp). Other tree species found in the reserve include yellow box (E. MELLIODORA), grey box (E. MICROCARPA), cherry ballart (EXOCARPUS CURESSIFORMIS), weeping pittosporum (PITTOSPORUM PHYLLIRAEOIDES), lightwood (ACACIA IMPLEXA) and silver wattle (ACACIA DEALBATA). The forests and waterways of the area support a large number and diversity of bird species including ibis, ducks, kites, eagles and cormorants. Koalas have been re-introduced to the area with over 150 individuals now living here successfully.
History Not Available
Condition and Integrity
The reserve is in excellent condition, although invasion by spread of noxious weeds is a constant threat to the integrity of the area.
Location
About 340ha, 10km north-north-west of Strathmerton.
Bibliography
Briggs J.D. & Leigh J.H. (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants, CSIRO Centre for Plant Biodiversity Research/ANCA, Canberra.

Deayton G. (1998). Field survey of Grey-crowned Babblers in the Echuca to Tocumwal section of the central Murray Valley. Report by Birds Australia for Department of Natural Resources and Environment, Melbourne.

DCNR (1995). Threatened fauna in Victoria, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Melbourne.

Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act (1998). Recommendation reports for listing by Flora and Fauna Scientific Advisory Committee.

Garnett S. (1992). Threatened and extinct birds of Australia. RAOU report 82. RAOU/ANPWS, Victoria.

Land Conservation Council (1983). Report on the Murray Valley Area.
LCC, Melbourne.

Muir T.B. (1972). The flora of Ulupna Island Reserve, Muelleria 2(3), 169-79.

Robinson & Mann, Sally, (1996). Natural Values of the Public Lands along the Broken, Boosey and Nine Mile Creeks of Northeastern Victoria. NEGP Report

Ross, J.H. (Ed.) (1993). A Census of the Vascular Plants of Victoria. Fourth Edition. Royal Botanic Gardens, Melbourne

Ulupna Island Committee (1978) List of birds observed on Ulupna
Island, unpublished.

Webster, Rick. 1993. The Superb Parrot, A report on the 1992/93 breeding season in Barmah State Forest/Park. NEGP report.

Report Produced  Sat Apr 19 17:44:21 2014