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Rosalie Kindergarten, 57 Elizabeth St, Rosalie, QLD, Australia

Photographs View Photo Database Record
List Register of the National Estate (Non-statutory archive)
Class Historic
Legal Status Registered (24/06/1997)
Place ID 17450
Place File No 4/01/001/0280
Statement of Significance
Rosalie Kindergarten demonstrates the original quite distinct function and design of one of a few known purpose built pre World War Two kindergartens remaining in the State. It was heralded at the time of construction as the best designed in Australia, featuring a Caretakers Residence on the upper floor, separate play areas, undercroft area protection and large teaching areas which could be subdivided by accordion doors, all of which were considered innovative at the time (Criterion B.2).
Rosalie Kindergarten is significant as a building designed in the Georgian revival style of architecture with some evidence of the traditional Queensland timber Bungalow form in the rear wing. It displays characteristics typical of this idiom such as the general symmetry and pavilion layout of the building, projecting entry porch in the main wing, hipped main roof form, and double hung sashes (Criterion D.2).
Official Values Not Available
The kindergarten is divided into public, private and service zones. It consists of a two storey portion to Elizabeth Street which originally housed the caretaker's residence on the upper level, now converted to staff and committee rooms. The entry area and service zones are situated to the south facing Elizabeth Street. These zones are divided from the main teaching and play spaces by a waiting area which allows the mothers to observe the children unnoticed. The teaching area is large, capable of being subdivided into two zones by accordion doors. It was considered quite innovative at the time. A verandah flanks two sides of the playrooms, facing the favourable north-east aspect. The roof is slightly bellcast over the verandahs. Stairs from the verandah leads to an undercover play area for use by the children during inclement weather. The subtleties in the plan are reflected in the high pitched roofs which form a picturesque composition of great complexity. The two storey portion with the caretaker's residence is quite similar to the Lady Goodwin Creche yet the detail is more refined and shows a very competent craftsman at work. The entry porch, of two storeys, is well proportioned and detailed. The intimate scale of the first floor is increased on the second floor by a cantilever. The timbers are larger in section yet apt in scale. The balustrading pattern is identical to a house designed by Arnold E Brooks for the Ideal Home Competition in 1918. The windows are characteristic Georgian detail, using patterned frosted glass for additional privacy. Construction is of timber on brick piers. The external walls are sheeted with hardwood weatherboards, mitred ends and slightly bellcast at the ground floor structure. Internal walls are lined with vertical jointed boarding to the dado line, with fibre cement sheeting above. Ceilings are sheeted with fibre cement with cover strips. The roof is tiled and the eaves are boarded on the rake. Brooks was articled to Oakden, Addison and Kemp from 1888-92 and was employed by the Telegraph from 1901-08. From 1908 he assisted J P O Cowlishaw and became a Deputy Instructor in Building Construction at the BCTC from 1909. In 1910 he was employed in the office of Hall and Dods and won the competition for the Hotel Canberra (now demolished) in the same year. From 1912 he was the office manager of this firm until 1922 when he established his own practice. The Rosalie Kindergarten is an important example of the work of Brooks.
The infant welfare movement is thought to have started in Australia in 1903, seeking to improve conditions for infants and instruct mothers on proper child rearing. The earliest childcare building in Brisbane (and possibly the State) was the Paddington Kindergarten (c 1916) which is still operating in Charlotte Street. The Paddington, or Ithaca, Complex was evocative of the new Edwardian era emphasis on health, fitness and fresh air which swept the world. It was built prior to the State 1922 Maternity Act which aimed to further improve heath care for mothers and children and produce a healthy and virile population closely linked to the economic development of the State. This resulted in a network of free maternity hospitals and baby clinics from c 1923. Its construction was halted by the Depression (c 1929) with only a few being built between 1932 and 1940. In 1935 a triangular site on the corner of Nash and Elizabeth Streets was purchased for the construction of a kindergarten, the principal part of the cost defrayed by the State Government. The official opening took place in October 1935.

Condition and Integrity
1988: The building is in good condition. The exterior of the building is reasonably intact. The kindergarten was not inspected internally, however the original caretaker's residence has been converted to offices and committee rooms (assessed in 1988).
57 Elizabeth Street, corner Nash Street, Rosalie.
Apperley, R., Irving, R., Reynolds, P.,(1989). A Pictorial Guide to
Identifying Australia Architecture: Styles and Terms from 1788 to the
Present. Angus and Robertson, North Ryde.

Australian Building Journal of Queensland (ABJQ), 11 March, 1935.

ABJQ, 10 April, 1935.

Coutts, J.V.D.,(Ed.). The Architectural and Building Journal of
Queensland Ltd. Gordon and Gotch, 1922-1940. Brisbane.

Gee, S.A.,(1987). Diligence and Good Conduct With Sound Ability. The
Life and Work of Arnold Edwin Brooks FRAIA 1872-1958. B Arch,
University of Queensland.

Kennedy, M.,(1989). Domestic Architecture in Queensland Between the
Wars (Master of Built Environment Degree Graduate Report). University
of New South Wales.

Watson, D., McKay, J.A.,(1984). A Directory of Queensland Architects
to 1940. University of Queensland Library, St Lucia.

Fazldeen, A. 1998. Rosalie Kindergarten - repairs to Foundations. NEGP Report.

Report Produced  Sat Jul 26 18:07:49 2014