|List||Register of the National Estate (Non-statutory archive)|
|Legal Status||Indicative Place|
|Place File No||4/01/001/0347|
|Nominator's Statement of Significance|
is a heritage asset of exceptional aesthetic, historical, industrial and economic importance for Queensland.
This precinct, comprising at least ten significant stores, has considerable unity and presence both functionally and architecturally.
As well as illustrating the evolution of woolstores throughout the first half of the twentieth century, the whole series is an object lesson in the crucial role of the pastoral industry and of the Brisbane River in Queensland's past.
For these reasons the total area is of greater significance than the sum of its individual parts, so that the loss of a single part, including the 1950s structures, would diminish the whole precinct disproportionately.
The form and fabric of the stores reflect developmental stages in the economic history of the wool industry, modifications in technology and changes in marketing as well as the history of quayage and shipping along the Brisbane River. These stores were central to the wool trade, which was Queensland's most lucrative export commodity.
The stores are the only Queensland grouping of such substantial industrial structures dedicated to a single function. Significant woolstores remain in other Australian cities, particularly the earlier group at Pyrmont in Sydney. But nowhere else is there such a concentration of cohesive woolstores exemplifying development of the wool industry from the early 1900s until as recently as the 1950s.
At the same time these structures are representative of the broad class of woolstores which were built in Australian ports to serve the wool industry. The earlier Pyrmont group in Sydney are similar in post, beam and brick construction as well as layout and function. Whereas the introduction of metal posts occurred during the 1880s in Syedney, load-bearing timber continued to be used internally for the Teneriffe woolstores until the 1930s, in keeping with the Queensland building tradition.
Though embodying architectural and structural development over half a century, the woolstores form a cohesive and attractive group due to their particular function, form and fabric. Most brick facades express the tripartite design concept of base, shaft and entablature. The ground floor is generally distinguished by wider openings (sometimes arched), string courses and awnings, while the top floor is surmounted by a definitive parapet which may be pedimented, balustered or otherwise ornamented. The intermediate floors are strongly rectangular in articulation, due to rows of multipaned windows, projecting bays, string courses, structural lines and downpipes. Overall the woolstores provide a great sense of solidaity, security and style.
The woolstores exhibit a characteristic fit between form and function. This hardly originated in Queensland, as there are earlier examples elsewhere. For that matter the sawtooth roof had been developed in England for lighting in textile mills. Nevertheless the combination of architectural design, construction technique and woolhandling equipment illustrates the high degree of creative and technical development within this most important Austrlain industry.
Being situated on the Bulimba Reach of the Brisbane River, the woolstores constitute an obvious landmark against the backdrop of residential Teneriffe Hill. Nevertherless their portential as an educational meduim, relating to pastoral, maritime and architectural development, has yet to be realised. Though the industry is now controlled by three giants (Elders, PRIMAC and Dalgetys), such names as Winchcombe Carson, Mactaggarts, Sturmfels and Queenland Primary Producers evoke a distinctive pastoral and maritime phase which is past (1991).
|Official Values Not Available|
Group of buildings dating from 1909 to 1957 intended to take advantage of deep water wharfage for the sale and export of wool. History of the area until about the turn of the century, the area now known as Teneriffe was merely a bushy extension of the suburb of New Farm. The main residential nature of the locality began to change in the late nineteenth century. A number of factors contributed to this change. The availability of deep water wharfage alon the stretch of river and the construction of the Colonial Sugar Refinery and its wharf at the New Farm end of Bulimba Reach in 1897 marks the real beginning of the development of the industrial side of Teneriffe. There are three factors which shaped the Teneriffe industrial precinct: deep water wharfage, the growth in primary industry and the railway. |
Generally, the lower floors of the woolstores were for storage, loading and unloading and the upper floors for display. Wool was lifted to the top by lifts then dropped dewn wood chutes to the required floor. Heaby wood trap doors were installed in the floor at each level. Bale elevators were evenly spaced along the lingth of the building which reduced horizontal movement. An essential requiremaent for the display of wood was the use of natural light, but with out any direct sunlight falling on the wool. This was provided by south facing saw tooth roofing lights. The buildilng type is largely based on a Sydney model adapted by architects to suit local conditions land materials. A number of buildings were designed by Queensland architects and where Sydney architects were commissioned they often worked in association with a local firm. There was more timber used in the early woolstores, especially in roof timbers. Walk in telephone cubicles were available for buyers. Similarly dining, kitchen and WC facilities were also provided. These were usually constructed from vertically jointed boarding. Pedestrian access was generally handled in a formal manner with specially detailed entrances and porticos. Most of the woodstores are hardwood timber framed, solid brick structures fo three to four storey built in English bond. Due to the size of the buildings, the dominant emphasis is horizontal. This was reinforced by string courses. A common design treatment is the division of the ground floor, the centre section and the top or parapet section. Most parapets display the company names. Windows are timber framed and double hung. The show floors (top floor) show a much greater attention to detail and finish. Columns are more refined and display distinct differences from woolstore to woolstore. Additional ventilation is usually provided to this level with timber vents below the windows. Passenger lifts transported buyers to the top floor. Railways service all woolstores using a covered loading platform. Most woolstores also included covered cart unloading areas as well.
Queensland Primary Producers No 4 Woolstore:
This is a three storey building constructed of brick with a curved facade to Skyring Terrace. It was built in three sections. The first was the south , the next was the rest of the east side and the north-west corner third. There is a series of rendered bands which occur at the head of the ground floor window, thw sill and lhead of the first and second floor windows and some details in the parapet wall. The building has been renamed Commercial House and it was acquired to store cars at grass and became the head office for the Mayfairs group of companies which owns five other woolstores.
Mactaggarts Cooperative Woolstore:
MacTaggarts Building is a three storey brick building with a rendered string course above the first floor and rendered section above the second floor on which is MacTaggarts F and G on the north and west sides. Underneath the writing and also on the east side in New Zealand Loan Mercaltile Agency Company Limited. The parapet has a large rendered string course, small brick seciton band and a rendered coping. MacTaggarts acquired the premises in 1965, but amalagamated with the Queensland Primary Producers' Cooperative Association in 1975 to become PRIMAC, Queensland's only residential pastoral house. The building was sold in 1981 to Pacific Fire Protection Pty Ltd and used for storage and printing purposes. Mohair auctions were held on the show floor during the 1980s, making htis the last woolstore to be utilised for the display and sale of wool. In 1989 it was purchased by the current owners, Baulderstone Hornibrook, for recycling as a residential development and consent was given by the Brisbane City Council to develop this and the adjacent site to the south-east for the purpose of apartment building, attached housing, hotel and shopping centres.
Winchcombe Carsons building:
The first Winchombe Carson building is the oldest extant woolstore in the Teneriffe precinct. The building was designed by noted Brisbane architect Claude Chambers. The show floor was used as a venue for a ball in honour of the Prince of Wales of 3/8/1920. When Winchombe Carson merged with Dalgety Australia in Queensland and New South Wales in 1979, the stores were no longer required and were sold in 1981. The ground floor is uses for commercial and storage purposes, the second and third floors are the RACQ storage depot and the top floors are vacant. The buildings are a series of three storey buildings joined together, the first built in 1910-11, the second in 1934 and the third in 1955.
Australian Mercantile Land and Finance Company Ltd Woolstore:
The Teneriffe AML and F Company Ltd (Australian Mercantile Land and Finance Company Limited) buildings are four storey and two storey brick warehouses. The lower level of the main warehouse contains the loading bays, which are sheltered by an awning, supported off the building. The exterior of the building has piers of rusticated brickwork, which divide the facade into bays. The windows have segmental arched heads and a pattern of glazing bars in pivoted sashes. The building is topped with a parapet which contains the name of the company in large lettering. The AML and F Company Ltd is a typical example of a warehouse built in the Federation Warehouse style of architecture. Designed by the architectural firm of Hall and Dods, it varies from other warehouses commonly found in Queensland. Its proportioning and the considered but sparing use of decoration provides this utilitarian structure with an aesthetically pleasing and bold appearance. It is not known if Dods designed any other warehouses. Queensland Primary Producers Cooperative No 8 Woolstore (Paddys Market):
This five storey brick building has an irregular shape to suit the site. The cream building has exposed concrete at the head of windows with most projecting. Sills are brick. The ground floor is a mixture of windows and openings in a less regular pattern than the upper floors. Many of the openings were loading bays. A rail siding was accommodated internally on the ground floor. Ground floor windows have bars on the inside. The roof of the building has a sawtooth structure with south lights which are not at right angles to the facade of the building.
Goldsbrough Mort and Company Ltd Woolstore:
This building is a four storey brick building. The Macquarie Street elevation is basically symmetrical with tow projecting ends. The two projectin section have a rendered and scalloped parapet detail, while the rest of the building has a horizontal rendered parapet coping. The south-east and south-west corners are curved.
The Elder Smith and Company Ltd Woolstore:
This is a three storey brick building with a large parapet concealing a saw tooth roof. It is three bays wide on the southern end, twelve bays for the loading dock area and two bays at the northern end. It has an open arched colonnade and a loading dock at fround level along the centre section facing Macquarie Street, which is serviced by a railway used for loading and unloading. A cartway is provided along the east side of ground level. The openings on the west are rectangular with a continuous concrete lintel over. The building extends over the railway and cartway on upper floors. Underneath the Elder Smith and Company Limited Woolstores sign on the north side ther appears to have the name Moorheads painted out.
Australian Estates No 1 Woolstore:
The woolstores are a red brick building three storeys high, and the largest single store in the Teneriffe Precinct. The building is not rectangular. The building is set back into the hill and the gorund floor included a covered rail access along theeast and a cartway along the west. The brickwork is well detailed, including stepped out brickwork forming a string course at first floor level, recessed bays for the windows on the first and second floors with dentils at the top of these recessed bays. The building has a large parapet with a stepped out capping with two rows of dentils.
The Australian Estate Company No 2 Woolstore:
This is a four storey building, which is built into the side of Teneriffe Hill, consisting of an exposed concrete frame and infill panels of cream brickwork and windows. The building has five bays facing Macquarie Street and is ten bays deep. Erected during the Post War era and International in architectural style the buildings base and parapet are not strongly distinguished unlike earlier woolstores.
|History Not Available|
|Condition and Integrity|
Several woolstores have been demolished in recent years, but the majority are relatively intact and stable externally.
Many retain significant internal features, especially Winchcombe Carson and Mactaggarts Cooperative stroes, including lifts, chutes and amenities for international woolbuyers. Nevertheless some have been altered detrimentally, particularly by the removal of floor and wall sections for car access, the concrete sheathing of hardwood floors, the relocation of panelled partitions, the removal of linking walkways and the inclusion of modern offices.
Of the transportation system, most of the rail lines, connecting sidings and associated railway apparatus have been removed and little of the specialised quayage developed for the precinct remains. |
Brisbane City Council has commissioned a feasibility study of the precinct with the intention of transforming it into a tertiary education campus.
|About 8.9 ha, Newstead/Teneriffe, commencing at Commercial Road corner Wyandra Street, then running north-east along Wyandra, following the property alignment on the south-east side of the road, to Wyandra Street corner Skyring Terrace, then continuing on this alignment south-south-east along Skyring to Skyring Terrace corner Commercial Road, then along Commercial Road north-east to Brisbane River, then southerly along the left bank of the Brisbane River at the high water mark to the projection of Hastings Street intersection with the Brisbane River, then west along the projection to its intersection with Macquarie Street, the south along Macquarie following the western property alignment to Macquarie Street corner Kingsholme Street, then north-west along Kingsholme to Kingsholme Street corner Tilbrook Street, then north along Tilbrook to Tilbrook Street corner Hastings Street, then east along Hastings to Hastings Street corner Crase Street, the north, west and north-west along Crase to the western boundary of Lot 3, Registered Plan 42866, the north along the alignment to the south-east corner of Lot 289, Registered Plan 9138, then west-south-west along the southern boundary of that lot and its adjoining lots to the south-west corner of Lot 283, Registered Plan 9138, the north-north-west along the western boubary of that lot to its intersection with the centre line of Beeston Street, then east-north-east along Beeston the intersection of the projection of the western boundary of Lot 1, Registered Plan 66838, then north along that boundary to the nort-west corner, the north-east along the northern boundary of that lotand its adjoining lots to the intersection on the projection of that boundary with the centre lin of Macquarie Street, then north along Macquarie to Macquarie Street corner Chermside Street, the north-west along Chermside to Chermside Street corner Commercial Road, then west-north-west along Commercial to Commercial Road corner Harcourt Street, then south-west along Harcourt to Harcourt Street corner Hough Lane, The north-west along Hough to Hough Lane corner Small Street, then south-west along Small to the intersection of the centre line with the projection of the south-western boundary of Lot 30, Registered Plan 866752, then along that boudary and its projection to the intersection of the projected boundary and the centre line of Arthur Street, the north-east along Arthur to Arthur Street corner Commercial Road, the along the property alignment of Commerical on the north side of the road to the commencement point.|
TENERIFFE WOOLSTORES HERITAGE STUDY COMMISSIONED FOR BRISBANE CITY |
COUNCIL, JUNE 1992.
Report Produced Tue Jul 22 18:00:08 2014