|List||Commonwealth Heritage List|
|Legal Status||Listed place (22/08/2012)|
|Place File No||1/12/038/0012|
|Summary Statement of Significance|
Bondi Beach Post Office,
constructed in 1922 to a design by E H Henderson of the Commonwealth Department
of Works and Railways, and subsequently extended, is of local historical
significance. The building is associated with a period of local growth and
development, in the interwar period, when Bondi Beach
became a popular beach resort and attraction for families and recreational
swimmers. As Bondi grew in popularity, so did the development and
suburbanisation of the area. The interwar heritage character of the building,
reflecting an important period of development in the local context, and the
prominent corner location, enhance this aspect of significance (criteria a).
The post office and telegraph office (possibly originally with residential quarters) was designed by E H Henderson under George Oakshott’s aegis as State head of the Commonwealth Public Works Office, in the Colonial/Georgian Revival Style. Typologically, the building’s original planning has been impacted by works. These works, which include changes to the exterior such as the enclosure of the former corner porch and other additions, have also impacted to some extent on the building’s presentation. Stylistically and architecturally, however, Bondi Beach is significant as one of a small group of compact, domestically scaled brick post offices in New South Wales designed by Henderson. It also reflects and develops several design signatures worked out by architects Murdoch and Mackennal in other states. The building is also one of four still operating as a post office designed between 1923 and 1926 that adopt a columned corner entry in a tight domestic cottage-form, and were a genre distinct to New South Wales. More formally, it is a companion design of the pyramidal or oblong hipped-roofed post offices designed for small suburban and regional settings between 1920 and 1930, which again had their main airing in New South Wales, but were tried out in other states as well (criterion d).
Aesthetically, Bondi Beach Post Office, located on the corner of Hall Street and Jacques Avenue, displays some landmark qualities in this context. The building has an assured corner presentation, makes a contribution to the local/immediate streetscape heritage character, and accordingly demonstrates aesthetic value at a local level (criterion e).
The curtilage includes the title block/allotment of the property.
The significant components of Bondi Beach Post Office include the main postal building and its corner presentation, and the 1934 addition to Hall Street.
Bondi Beach Post Office, located
on the corner of Hall Street
and Jacques Avenue,
displays some landmark qualities in this context. The building has an assured
corner presentation, makes a contribution to the local/immediate streetscape
heritage character, and accordingly demonstrates aesthetic value at a local
level. Jacques Avenue and Hall Street
are linked, compositionally, by a diagonally angled entry porch with a flat
aluminium-surfaced roof that is concealed from view from the street by a
The entry is framed by a pair of Tuscan columns and a cement rendered entablature, extended around the street elevations as a cornice. A cement rendered plinth also runs around the street elevations, turning into two pedestals either side of the porch to support the flanking columns. Both street frontages of the original building have three sets of double-hung sash windows divided by brick pilasters with rendered capitals and bases, and with each pair separated by a set of broader piers in exposed face brick, each pier rusticated in the Australian Post Office ‘signature’ style developed by Murdoch and Mackennal around 1909-10 in Victoria. The later addition facing Hall Street has repeated this treatment (see below). A subsequent addition facing Jacques Avenue has only two double-hung sash windows, which are sympathetic.
The interior of the former corner porch has been enclosed to form the Postal Manager’s office, and is accessed from the retail area. The porch in its original configuration was probably cement rendered and lit by small rectangular windows facing Hall Street and Jacques Avenue. The entablature above the former porch is inscribed Post Office and both the Jacques Avenue and Hall Street continuation of the entablature were inscribed Bondi Beach. An additional entry to the post hall was on the Hall Street elevation, flanked by two rendered pilasters. This is part of a later addition. The eaves were boxed with planking transverse to the streets; the gutters and downpipes are copper. The window sills were bull-nosed in a standard domestic manner. Inside, the plaster and beam ceilings were intact as late as 1990, though the Valuation Report notes the ceilings as being currently in painted plasterboard.
A large west end addition was made in 1934, facing Hall Street, designed by H Sturtevant during C Todd’s period as Commonwealth Works Director. Sturtevant re-used original west-facing windows and carefully matched existing base and cornice lines. An alcove in the porch was fitted with public phone booths but now forms a storeroom. The base of the porch has been altered to a slight incline to provide disabled access to the building, and this porch has a roller shutter fitted across its opening. Steel mesh fencing has been erected in front of the small yard and loading dock facing Jacques Avenue. A postal box porch on the Jacques Avenue elevation and telephone booths in front of the same elevation, have diminished the building’s integrity.
The original inclusion or presence of associated residential quarters has not been clarified.
• Compact domestic scale and massing
• Corner presentation with some landmark qualities
In the early 1800s swimming at Sydney's beaches was
considered to be a controversial pastime, although becoming more popular by
mid-century. In this period, Bondi Beach was seen as being too remote from central Sydney. By the 1900s,
however, restrictive attitudes to swimming began to relax and the beach became
associated with healthy recreation and leisure activities. |
Bondi Beach was also declared a ‘public beach’ in the 1880s, and the first tramway reached the beach in this period. Bondi Beach became a popular attraction for families and recreational swimmers. Waverley Council built the first surf bathing sheds in the early 1900s, and the famous beach pavilion in 1929. By the 1930s Bondi was drawing not only local visitors but also people from elsewhere in Australia and overseas.
As Bondi grew in popularity as a popular surfing beach in the interwar period, so did the development and suburbanisation of the area. The Bondi Beach Post Office was erected in 1922, at the time the area was growing and developing. The architectural design is attributed to EH Henderson of the Commonwealth Department of Works and Railways, under the supervision of George Oakeshott. Additions to the Hall Street section of the building were undertaken in 1934 (Source: Register of the National Estate).
The Oakeshott-Henderson designed post offices for the Australian Department of Works and Railways appeared in regional and suburban locations in New South Wales in the early 1920s. These represented the Commonwealth takeover of a previously New South Wales Government architects’ preserve, but in a manner varyingly distinct from the Murdoch-Mackennal flavoured incursions in other states. Bondi Beach, in particular, concentrated its entry in a smaller and tighter corner placement, angled and hemmed in by two flanking columns. The three most direct counterparts for Bondi beach were at Waverley (1923), the plainer Beecroft (1925) and Coffs Harbour Jetty (1926). These all incorporated the Commonwealth institutional signature of brick rustication in their piers, but differed in the general pattern of smaller Australian post offices in other respects.
In this Bondi Beach reflected the generally small, tight proportioning becoming widespread in New South Wales housing and small institutional buildings, partly due to distinctively small property divisions and all being in brick. Examples are at Wallandbeen (1915), Warren (1916), Weston (1916), Botany (1917) and Kendall (c. 1921). Where any sites were broader, New South Wales post offices invariably shifted to the ‘Queensland’ dual entrance breakfront pattern on Murdoch-Mackennal lines and developed earlier in other states. In New South Wales these appeared at Holbrook (1920), Gordon (1922), Grenfell (c. 1923), Broadmeadow (1924) and Dunedoo (1925).
This period also saw a gradual shift toward square footprint designs with symmetrical pyramid or hipped roof designs such as Yenda (1920), Killara (1923), Roseville (1924, the very similar Lawson (1925), the in antis columned Merewether (1925), Millthorpe (1927), and the round-arched pair at Rose Bay (1928) and Concord (1930). There were smaller post offices with asymmetrical elevations but still square-roof plans and footprints. These included Belmore (1925), Branxton and Bulli (both 1926), Kandos and Yanco (both 1927).
These symmetrical roofed post offices found close counterparts interstate as at Glen Iris in Victoria or Nundah in Queensland (1928-30). These were in addition to the more general breakfront post offices that marked the Commonwealth dominance of post office design after c. 1920. These in effect also marked the high tide of Neo-Georgian pavilion post offices in Australia, though Old Colonial and Georgian revivalism had been evident in Government architectural thinking long before that (Armidale, NSW, 1880-1916).
Of the post offices referred to in the above analysis, only the subject property and Botany (NSW), Rose Bay (NSW), Nundah (Qld) and Armidale (NSW) remain in Australia Post ownership.
|Condition and Integrity|
condition. Relatively intact externally, but internally the building has
a relatively low level of intactness.|
Structural frame: reinforced concrete footings. Timber floor in retail area and concrete floor slab elsewhere.
External walls: face brick and cement render in finish; load-bearing masonry.
Internal walls: stud frame clad in painted plasterboard or fibrous plaster.
Floor: reinforced concrete with carpet and vinyl cladding to the back areas and timber floor finished in carpet in retail and some office areas, a vinyl tiled lunchroom and storage area, and ceramic tiles in the wet areas.
Ceiling: painted plasterboard and probably painted fibrous plaster in places. In the rear Back Office area there is a suspended ceiling. Air conditioning ducts flush-mounted in retail space.
Roof: timber frame; terra-cotta tile cladding with aluminium membrane–clad flat roof above entry porch.
Other: [Property Valuation Report, 2005]
Summary of development and/or alteration
1934 (western additions)
20 Hall Street,
Avenue, Bondi, comprising the whole of Lot 2
Perumal Murphy Pty Ltd, Waverley Heritage Study, 1990;J McMonnies: proposal that Bondi Beach Post Office be registered with the Historic Buildings Council of New South Wales, June 1991. National Estate Grants program 1987-1988, Project 50: Sydney Region Post offices. Register of the National Estate, ID 19063; Savills, APPD Property Valuation Report, June 2005. AHDD: 3 April 2006. NSW Heritage Office Website, listing for Bondi Beach Post Office, accessed 27 April 2006. www.sydneyaustralia.biz.@bondibeach.com
Original: Not Located – possibly held in the National Archives Australia
Alterations: Not Located – possibly held in the National Archives Australia
Existing conditions: Australia Post floor plan dated 22/5/2006
National Archive records
Plans of Bondi Beach Post Office, Series Number SP1107/1, Barcode 679386; Bondi Beach Post Office history file, Series Number C3629, Barcode 1542578; Bondi Beach Post Office specifications, Series Number SP155/1, Barcodes 1686491 [box 139, 1922] & 1686492 [box 139, 1934]; Bondi Beach Post Office, MP33/1, Barcodes 5992905, 5992963 & 6000751; Bondi Beach Post Office site, Series Number SP394/1, Barcodes 1018411, 1018414 & 1018415
Report Produced Sat Aug 30 04:35:06 2014