Bunodactis maculosa has only been recorded from Cape Peron in Western Australia. (WA)
This species is small, up to 11 mm in diameter and 7 mm in height. The base is broad and larger in diameter than the oral disc. The body wall is mostly smooth, but some bumps (verrucae) are present on the upper part of the column. The fosse is fairly deep. Approximately 50 tentacles are present, all of which are short, but the inner tentacles are longer than the outer tentacles. Little other information is available regarding the colour or appearance of this species.
Ecology/Way of Life:
The Spotted Anemone is a cryptic species that is found under stones. No further habitat or ecological records are known for this species.
Interaction with Humans/Threats:
Given the limited information available about the habitat or behaviour of this species, the level of threat is unknown. With its apparently restricted distribution, the Spotted Anemone would be vulnerable to local disturbances in the Cape Peron region.
The common name "Spotted Anemone" is a direct translation of the scientific (latin) name maculosa. No common names are known to have been previously used for this species. It was tentatively assigned to the genus Bunodactis when originally described and this designation has since been confirmed. The genus Bunodactis has a complex history with many of the 74 species listed within this genus belonging to other genera or having an unresolved taxonomic placement.
Carlgren, O. (1954) Actiniaria and Zoantharia from South and West Australia with comments upon some Actiniaria from New Zealand. Arkiv for Zoologi 6: 571 – 595.
England, K.W. (1987) Certain Actiniaria (Cnidaria, Anthozoa) from the Red Sea and tropical Indo-Pacific Ocean. Bulletin of the British Museum Natural History (Zoology) 53: 205 – 292.
Fautin, D.G. (2003) Hexacorallians of the World. http://hercules.kgs.ku.edu/hexacoral/anemone2/index.cfm
Griffith, J.K. & Fromont, J. (1998) A catalogue of recent Cnidaria type specimens in the Western Australian Museum of Natural Science, Perth. Records of the Western Australian Museum 19: 223 – 239.
Text & map by Carden Wallace & Zoe Richards, Museum of Tropical Queensland.
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