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Isanemonia australis (Family Actiniidae)

Australian Wax Anemone

Distribution

Distribution:

Isanemonia australis occurs in several locations in south-west Australia, south-west Victoria and the Gulf of St Vincent and Eyre Peninsula, South Australia. (VIC, SA, WA)

Features:

Isanemonia australis is the only species described for this genus. This species is approximately 50 mm wide and dark green in colour with brown or red markings. The base is broad and strong. The body is cylindrical and the column is smooth apart from a row of specialised vesicles which contain stinging cells (nematocysts). There are numerous tentacles that are long with conical tips and coloured light green or pink with specks of white.

Ecology/Way of Life:

This species occurs in the lower intertidal region and subtidally to a depth of about 10 m in protected places, such as crevices and on the underside of rocks.

Preferred Image

Interaction with Humans/Threats:

There are no known threats to the Australian Wax Anemone. However, it does occur in a number of isolated populations so it would be vulnerable to local disturbances.

Other Comments:

Little is known of this species.

Further Reading:

Cutress, C.E. (1971) Corallimorpharia, Actiniaria and Zoanthidea. Memoirs of the National Museum of Victoria (Melbourne) 32: 83 – 92.

Fautin, D.G. (2003) Hexacorallians of the World. http://hercules.kgs.ku.edu/hexacoral/anemone2/index.cfm

Thomas, I.M. & Shepherd, S.A. (1982) Sea anemones In, Shepherd, S.A. & Thomas, I.M. (ed.) Marine Invertebrates of Southern Australia Part I. Handbook of the flora and fauna of SA, Government Printer, South Australia. pp. 161 – 169.

Acknowledgments:

Text & map by Carden Wallace & Zoe Richards, Museum of Tropical Queensland.

Photograph by Graham Edgar.

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Images and Multi-media:  
Attached Image  
image/jpeg 6489 bytes Isanemonia australis
Distribution Map  
image/jpeg 5287 bytes Disrtibution of Isanemonia australis

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