In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable as Acacia handonis|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Acacia handonis (Hando's Wattle) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008gx) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Acacia handonis.
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Acacia handonis |
|Reference||Austrobaileya 1 (7 May 1981) 344, adnot.|
|Other names||Racosperma handonis |
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
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From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images|
Hando's Wattle, or Percy Grant Wattle, is a resinous, slender shrub growing 1-2 m high and 1-2 m wide with sticky bright yellow globular flower heads (Orchard & Wilson 2001).
This species is known from only one population in Barakula SF, N of Chinchilla, Darling Downs District, SE Qld (Halford 1995r; Orchard & Wilson 2001). The site occurs within the Condamine R. catchment and the Brigalow Belt South Biogeographical Region. The single locality encompasses 28 ha, 5 km east of Chinchilla Auburn Rd, on the main fire-break south of Little Hellhole Creek (Halford 1995r; Lithgow 1997). Over the last twenty years, the species has spread over a greater area (Lithgow 1997).
In Dec. 1994, the species was estimated to be represented by 10 080 individuals comprised of 4200 mature and 5880 juvenile plants. No seedlings were observed. The population was distributed over three separate stands. The density of plants varied considerably (Halford 1995r).
This species does not occur in a conservation reserve (Halford 1995r; Briggs & Leigh 1996).
The species grows in lateritic soil of grey sand or clayey silt with ironstone gravel, in gently undulating country. Often on stony ridges (Orchard & Wilson 2001), in eucalypt woodland and open forest (Simmons 1988; Orchard & Wilson 2001).
It occurs near the crests of low rounded hills with gentle slopes, consisting of remnant sandstone, at 420 m asl. The soils are generally infertile, shallow (<40 cm deep), brownish black and stony, with low water holding capacity. The area has a subhumid subtropical climate, with warm to hot, moist summers and cool to cold, dry winters (Halford 1995r).
The species occurs in an open forest with a sparse to dense shrub layer. Dominant trees are Eucalyptus fibrosa subsp. nubila and E. watsoniana subsp. watsoniana. E. tenuipes may be present, especially on hillcrests. Smaller trees include Allocasuarina inophloia and Lysicarpus angustifolius. The lower stratum varies greatly in density and composition but includes Acacia complanata, Dodonaea filifolia, Boronia bipinnata, B. glabra, Cleistochloa subjuncea, Entolasia stricta, Schoenus kennyi, Triodia scariosa subsp. yelarbonensis and Lomandra multiflora subsp. multiflora. No introduced weed species were present in the population (Halford 1995r).
Flowers are borne Jun.-Sept. (Simmons 1988; Lithgow 1997; Orchard & Wilson 2001). Fruit has been observed to mature in Nov. (Halford 1995r).
Seed germination is promoted by heat from fire. Anecdotal evidence suggests the species is usually killed by fire, but some plants will reshoot from the base (Pedley 1981; Halford 1995r). It is a short-lived species that regenerates well from seed (Lithgow 1997).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Acacia handonis (Hando's Wattle) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008gx) [Conservation Advice].|
Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.
Halford, D. (1995r). Acacia handonis Pedley (Mimosaceae) A conservation research statement. Qld Herbarium.
Lithgow, G. (1997). Sixty Wattles of the Chinchilla and Murilla Shires. M.G. Lithgow, Chinchilla, Queensland.
Meredith, L.D. & M.M. Richardson (1990). Rare or Threatened Australian Plant Species in Cultivation in Australia. Report Series No. 15. Page(s) 1-114. Canberra: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.
Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson (eds) (2001). Flora of Australia, Volume 11A, Mimosaceae, Acacia Part 1.
Pedley, L (1981). Further notes on Acacia in Queensland. Austrobaileya. 1(4):339-345.
Simmons, M (1988). Acacias of Australia. Ringwood, Vic., Viking O'Neil Penguin Books Aust.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Acacia handonis in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Mon, 10 Mar 2014 02:08:17 +1100.