Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Hakea trineura (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008uz) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Vulnerable (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list)
Scientific name Hakea trineura [15931]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author (F.Muell.) F.Muell.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Fragmenta Phytographiae Australiae 6: (Dec. 1868).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Three-veined Hakea is a multi-stemmed shrub 1-3 m tall with deep yellow flowers. Branchlets and young leaves are covered with a mat of soft brown hairs (Barker et al. 1999).

This species is restricted to the Marlborough and Rockhampton area of central coastal Qld (Queensland Herbarium 1997; Barker et al. 1999). The most recent collections are from the Glen Geddes area, Mt Slopeaway, Mt Redcliffe, Ramilles block and the Princhester area.

All presently known sites are on freehold and leasehold land currently used for cattle grazing (BRI undated; G.N.Batianoff 2001, pers. comm.). It is described as being rare or occasional at some collection sites (BRI collection records).

A closely related species from north-eastern NSW has previously been confused with H. trineura and is included under this name by some authors (e.g. Wriggley & Fagg 1991). This NSW species is now known as H. archaeoides R.M. Barker. H. trineura is distinguished from H. archaeoides by its yellow rather than green perianth, green rather than red styles, longer fruit, its conspicuous network of leaf veins (Barker et al. 1999) and its habitat preference for dry open woodland rather than wet sclerophyll forest or rainforest (Makinson 2000, pers. comm.).

This species is confined to soils derived from serpentinite rocks mostly on gravelly ridges and slopes (Queensland Herbarium 1997). It grows in open eucalypt forest over hummock grassland (Queensland Herbarium 1997; Barker et al. 1999). Associated species include Eucalyptus fibrosa ssp. (Glen Geddes), Corymbia xanthope, Alphitonia excelsa, Grewia latifolia, Jasminum simplicifolium ssp. australiense and Triodia mitchellii (BRI undated).

Flowering occurs from May to September and plants resprout from the base (Barker et al. 1999).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Hakea trineura (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008uz) [Conservation Advice].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Hakea trineura in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006le) [Internet].
Protected status:Protected status:Lack of secure conservation land tenure Hakea trineura in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006le) [Internet].

Barker, R.M., Haegi, L. & Barker, W.R. (1999). Hakea. In: Orchard, A.E., H.S.Thompson & P.M.McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 17B:31-170. Canberra/Melbourne: ABRS/CSIRO.

Batianoff, G.N. (2001). Personal Communication.

Makinson, R.O. (2000). Personal Communication.

Queensland Herbarium (1997). Biodiversity - rare and endangered plants, Papua - Gladstone Gas Pipline. Qld Herbarium, Dept of Environment, Indooroopilly.

Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.

Wrigley, J.W. & M. Fagg (1989). Banksias, Waratahs and Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family. Sydney, NSW: William Collins Publishers.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Hakea trineura in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Wed, 17 Sep 2014 13:21:48 +1000.