Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Hakea fraseri (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008qv) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010l) [Recovery Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Gorge Hakea - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005fu) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013)
Scientific name Hakea fraseri [16093]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author R.Br.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae -- Suppl. 1: Proteaceas Novas: 26 (1830).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Gnarled Corkbark is a shrub growing to 3-4 m tall (Harden 1991) with creamy white flowers (Barker et al. 1999).

This species appears to be confined to the Northern Tablelands and NW Slopes of NSW, with a disjunct population recorded from the Collarenebri district in the North Western Plains (Peacock 1996; Cunningham et al. 1992). The inaccessible habitat of this species makes its frequency difficult to assess (Barker et al.1999). Populations reported from Qld are thought to be a different species (H. lorea subsp. lorea) (Barker et al. 1999; Harden 1991).

It is mainly confined to the Macleay River catchment on the New England plateau, occurring in the Upper Macleay River gorges, and below Wollomombi, Dangar, Tia and Apsley Falls (Peacock 1996; Cunningham et al. 1992)

Previously confused with Hakea lorea subsp. lorea in south-eastern Qld (Barker et al. 1999).

The species grows in woodland and on dry rocky slopes (Harden 1991), in gorge country (Peacock 1996) and on well-drained very steep scree slopes or on vertical rock faces in gorges (Barker et al. 1999).

Plants are lignotuberous. Flowering occurs from Sept. to Oct. (Barker et al. 1999).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Habitat deterioration due to soil degradation and erosion Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Hakea fraseri (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008qv) [Conservation Advice].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human induced disturbance due to unspecified activities Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Capra hircus (Goat) The threat posed by pest animals to biodiversity in New South Wales (Coutts-Smith, A.J., P.S. Mahon, M. Letnic & P.O. Downey, 2007) [Management Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Predation, competition, habitat degradation and/or spread of pathogens by introduced species Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Hakea fraseri (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008qv) [Conservation Advice].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Hakea fraseri (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008qv) [Conservation Advice].

Barker, R.M., Haegi, L. & Barker, W.R. (1999). Hakea. In: Orchard, A.E., H.S.Thompson & P.M.McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 17B:31-170. Canberra/Melbourne: ABRS/CSIRO.

Cunningham, G.M., W.E. Mulham, P.L. Milthorpe & J.H. Leigh (1992). Plants of Western New South Wales. Melbourne: Inkata Press.

Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1991). Flora of New South Wales, Volume Two. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.

Peacock, R.J. (1996). ROTAP Species of the Walcha/Nundle and Styx River Management Area.

Wrigley, J.W. & M. Fagg (1989). Banksias, Waratahs and Grevilleas and all other plants in the Australian Proteaceae family. Sydney, NSW: William Collins Publishers.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Hakea fraseri in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 17 Apr 2014 06:33:53 +1000.