Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Environmental Impact Assessment Guidelines - Epacris sparsa (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2000a) [Internet].
NSW:Sparse Heath - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005de) [Internet].
NSW:Epacris sparsa Threatened Species Information (NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS), 2000h) [Information Sheet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list)
Scientific name Epacris sparsa [16450]
Family Epacridaceae:Ericales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author R.Br.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Prodromus Florae Novae Hollandiae: 551 (27 Mar. 1810).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://www.green.net.au/rarespecies/Epacris_sparsa.html

Epacris sparsa is a slender erect shrub growing to 90 cm in height, with smooth brown stems (Powell & James 1993).

This species is confined to NSW. Only four populations are known from the lower Grose R. area, Avoca Vale Reserve (largest population with 150 plants), SW of North Richmond, and near Faulconbridge (30 plants). The Grose R. and North Richmond populations contain less than 30 plants (Powell & James 1993).

Epacris sparsa is most closely related to E. impressa and E. longiflora (Powell & James 1993).

This species is found at the base of rock faces or on rock platforms in the riparian flood zone, confined to pockets of damp sandy clay soils derived from exposed shale lenses between Hawkesbury Sandstone beds. The sites are frequently subject to high moisture from wind driven spray and would be inundated during periods of high rainfall. Associated species include Tristaniopsis laurina, Leptospermum sp. aff trinervium, Allocasuarina littoralis, Acacia longifolia, Grevillea sericea and Lomandra fluviatilis (Powell & James 1993).

Flowering occurs from May to Jun., with capsules ripe in Sept. (Powell & James 1993).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate change altering atmosphere/hydrosphere temperatures, rainfall patterns and/or frequency of severe weather events Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].
Pollution:Household Sewage and Urban Waste Water:Pollution (chemicals, sewage) due to urban and agricultural run-off Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].
Pollution:Pollution:Changes to water and sediment flows leading to erosion, siltation and pollution Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].
Pollution:Pollution:Pollution due to oil spills and other chemical pollutants Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Epacris sparsa (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008bm) [Conservation Advice].

Council of Heads of Australian Botanic Gardens (CHABG) (1994). Census of plants in botanic gardens. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chabg/census/census.html.

Powell, J.M. & James, T.M. (1993). Epacris sparsa (Epacridaceae) reinstated. Telopea. 5(2).

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Epacris sparsa in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sun, 13 Jul 2014 04:04:30 +1000.