In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Endangered|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Lechenaultia laricina (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008rd) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Lechenaultia laricina |
|Reference||Edwards's Botanical Register -- Appendix to Vols 1-23: A Sketch of the Vegetation of the Swan River Colony (1 Dec. 1839) xxvii.|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images|
Scientific name: Lechenaultia laricina
Common name: Scarlet Leschenaultia
Conventionally accepted as Lechenaultia laricina (CHAH 2010).
An erect, multi-branched, bushy shrub 30–70 cm high and 20–30 cm wide with many of the branches curving inwards and sometimes suckering. The Scarlet Lechenaultia has small, fine leaves 5–11 mm long, which are densely crowded, terete (cylindrical but usually slightly tapering at both ends ) and fleshy in appearance. The bark is rough except on new growth.
Solitary flowers occur at the ends of branches, with sepals (modified leaves acting as petals) 5–7.5 mm long and a corolla (petals fused together to form a tube) 19–23 mm long, scarlet to orange-red in colour, and densely hairy and usually orange on the inside. The petal lobes have broad wings with a small point between. The inside of the petals are hairy at the base. Two of the petals are erect above the corolla tube but not joined. The style (part of the female reproductive organs) is straight, 13.5–19.5 mm long, and sparsely covered with glandular hairs. The fruit is 17–29 mm long (Carolin 1992b; Durell & Buehrig 2001; Graham & Mitchell 2000).
Whilst the Scarlet Leschenaultia was once regarded as common between Meenaar, Meckering and Northam, Western Australia, it is now known only from a few populations in farmland (Carolin 1992b). Known populations include (Atkins 1998b):
|Population number||Location||Land tenure||Date of survey||Number of individuals|
|1||Clackline, Spencers Brook||Public access heritage trail||1996||0|
|2a||Berry Brow Road||Conservation area||1995||0|
|2b||Berry Brow Road||Shire road reserve||1995||96|
|4||Talbot Block State Forest||State forest||1997||3|
|5a||Spencers Block, York Road||Railway reserve||1996||9|
|5b||Spencers Block, York Road||Shire road verge||1995||9|
|7||Sullivan Block||Conservation area||1996||337|
|8||Sullivan Block||Conservation area||1996||91|
The Scarlet Leschenaultia is known from flats, slopes and drainage lines in permanently wet, moist or dry conditions. Soils are brown, yellow, white or grey laterites, sands, loams (with gravel) or clays. It occurs in low woodland over low scrub and dwarf scrub (Atkins 1998b; Durell & Buehrig 2001; Morrison 1982). Where the habitat adjoins paperbark (Meleleuca spp.) swamps it is found in association with Flooded Gum (Eucalyptus rudis), Wandoo (E. wandoo), Slender Banksia (Banksia attenuata), Mohan (Melaleuca viminea), Jacksonia spp. and other Melaleuca spp. (Atkins 1998b; Brown et al. 1998; Durell & Buehrig 2001).
The Scarlet Lechenaultia is a pioneer species in disturbed areas (Graham & Mitchell 2000) including disturbed areas in farmland (Atkins 1998b; Brown et al. 1998).
Flowers have been recorded from October to January. The fruits are dehiscent capsules, which split open and release seeds. The Scarlet Leschenaultia is able to regenerate from the rootstock after fire (Atkins 1998b) or grazing (Durell & Buehrig 2001). Seed germination is also known to occur after fire (Atkins 1998b).
The Scarlet Lechenaultia is threatened by clearing for farmlands. It colonises disturbed sites, but growth and germination is often suppressed by weeds (Brown et al. 1998). It is known to tolerate some grazing as evidenced by observed re-sprouting in one population after grazing (Durell & Buehrig 2001). However, heavy grazing may be detrimental.
Prolonged drought caused high levels of mortality in the 1990s (Atkins 1998b). The ongoing impact of this threat is not known. The taxon's response to salinity or the root-rot fungus, Phytophthora cinnamomi, are not known.
The Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Narrogin District (Durell & Buehrig 2001) report outlines the following management actions for the Scarlet Lechenaultia in the Narrogin region:
- Liaise with landowners on at least an annual basis.
- Inspect populations annually, monitoring numbers and condition.
- Maintain an ex situ population.
- Conduct further surveys on similar soil and vegetation types, especially on conservation reserves throughout its natural range.
- Investigate the species' response to environmental impacts.
Management documents relevant to Scarlet Leschenaultia are at the start of the profile.
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Lechenaultia laricina (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008rd) [Conservation Advice].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Lechenaultia laricina (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008rd) [Conservation Advice].|
|Biological Resource Use:Gathering Terrestrial Plants:Recreational harvest||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Lechenaultia laricina (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008rd) [Conservation Advice].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations||Lechenaultia laricina in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mu) [Internet].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence)||Lechenaultia laricina in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mu) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation||Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit)|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds||Lechenaultia laricina in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006mu) [Internet].|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation||Capra hircus (Goat)|
|Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality|
|Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Salinity|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)|
|Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals|
|Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads|
|Transportation and Service Corridors:Transportation and Service Corridors:Road and rail maintenance works|
Atkins, K.J. (1998b). Final report to the RFA on the projects: A - Distribution of species of special interest; B - Assessment of the conservation status of insufficiently known flora and ecological communities and threatened taxa and ecological communities. Page(s) 1-20. CALM, WA.
Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.
Carolin, R.C. (1992b). Goodenia. In: Flora of Australia. 35:147-281. Canberra: AGPS.
Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2010). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/.
Durell, G.S. & R.M. Buehrig (2001). Declared Rare and Poorly Known Flora in the Narrogin District. [Online]. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.
Graham, M. & M. Mitchell (2000). Declared Rare Flora in the Katanning District. [Online]. Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.
Morrison, D.A. (1982). Lechenaultia. In: Flora of Australia. 35:17-34. Canberra: AGPS.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Lechenaultia laricina in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 23 Sep 2014 22:44:54 +1000.