Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Phebalium whitei
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Phebalium whitei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008so) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Phebalium whitei.
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Vulnerable (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list) as Phebalium whitei
Scientific name Phebalium whitei [19322]
Family Rutaceae:Sapindales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Paul G.Wilson
Infraspecies author  
Reference Wilson, Paul G. (1970) A Taxonomic Revision of the Genera Crowea, Eriostemon and Phebalium (Rutaceae). Nuytsia 1(1): 87 Y [nom. nov.]
Other names Phebalium squamulosum var. grandiflorum [39882]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Other illustrations Google Images

Phebalium whitei is a shrub with bright yellow flowers (Stanley & Ross 1983).

This species is confined to the Darling Downs Pastoral District, Qld, from Lyra to Girraween National Park in the Stanthorpe district (BRI collection records; Wilson 1970). Two small populations exist in Girraween National Park over about 10 ha with about 1000 plants in total (BRI Rare and Threatened Plant database 2001).

It has been recorded from south-east Qld, border Mountains (eg Wyberba; Lyra, Stanthorpe district, Wallangarra border mountains) (Wilson 1970), Bald Rock Creek and Girraween National Park near Wallangarra, Qld (Stanley & Ross 1983).

Phebalium whitei resembles P. squamulosum and a form of this species at Girraween has a similar but smaller leaf to P. whitei (15-50 mm cf. 60 mm long) thus suggesting a possible connection between the two species. P. whitei petals are also longer than those of P. squamulosum (9 mm cf. 2-5 mm long) (Wilson 1970).

This species occurs in wet areas (e.g. in cracks in flat expanses of granite rocks and along creek banks) and in open heathland with shallow soils of granite origin (BRI collection records). See McDonald et al. (1995) for further information on plant communities in Girraween National Park.

This species has the largest flowers (8 x 3 mm) of any Phebalium (Wilson 1970). Flowering has been recorded from Jul. to Nov. (BRI collection records).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat modification, destruction and alteration due to changes in land use patterns Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Phebalium whitei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008so) [Conservation Advice].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Phebalium whitei in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rb) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Disturbance, especially from human recreational activities and development Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Phebalium whitei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008so) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Phebalium whitei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008so) [Conservation Advice].

BRI Rare and Threatened Plant database (2001).

McDonald, B., C. Gravatt, P. Grimshaw & J. Williams (1995). The Flora of Girraween and Bald Rock National Parks. Qld Dept of Environment and Heritage.

Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.

Stanley, T.D. & E.M. Ross (1983). Flora of south-eastern Queensland. Volume One. Brisbane, Queensland: Department of Primary Industries.

Wilson, P.G. (1970). A Taxonomic Revision of the genera Crowea, Eriostemon and Phebalium (Rutaceae). Nuytsia. 1:1-155.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Phebalium whitei in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Wed, 3 Sep 2014 15:21:38 +1000.