Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leptospermum deanei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008rj) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list)
Scientific name Leptospermum deanei [21777]
Family Myrtaceae:Myrtales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author J.Thompson
Infraspecies author  
Reference Telopea 3 (1989) 364.
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Leptospermum deanei

Common name: Deane’s Tea-tree

Conventionally accepted as Leptospermum deanei (CHAH 2010).

Deane’s Tea-tree is shrub that is often slender and growing to 5 m high, with bark that sheds in long strips. Young stems are smooth or silky in appearance. Leaves are stalkless and smooth, 10–15 mm long, 1–2 mm wide, narrow-elliptic (oval-shaped) to oblanceolate (broad across the mid section and tapering towards the base), inwards folding across the broad centre with a blunt point (Benson & McDougall 1998; Thompson 1989; Thompson & Logan 2002).  

Flowers are white, 8–10 mm in diameter, solitary and have five petals approximately 5 mm long. Fruits are capsules 3.5 mm in diameter and mostly smooth, with valves that are exserted (protruding) after opening (Benson & McDougall 1998; Thompson 1989; Thompson & Logan 2002)

Deane’s Tea-tree has a limited distribution in the north-west suburbs of Sydney. The species is recorded between Port Jackson and Broken Bay (Benson 1990; Brophy et al. 1999), in areas along Lane Cove River, upper Middle Harbour Creek, Calna Creek, Marramarra Creek, Devlins Creek (Pennant Hills Park) and Galston Gorge (Benson 1990; Thompson 1989; Benson & McDougall 1998).

The most substantial population of Deane’s Tea-tree is on Bare Creek/Middle Harbour Creek in Garigal National Park (Benson & McDougall 1998).

Deane’s Tea-tree is reserved within the Davidson State Recreation area, Marramarra National Park and Garigal National Park (Benson & McDougall 1998). The species is also found in Pennant Hills Park and Berowra Valley Bushland Park, managed by Hornsby Shire Council (Benson 1990).

Deane’s Tea-tree is found in riparian shrubland, woodland and open forest on sandy alluvial soil or sand on lower hillsides and along permanent freshwater creeks in Hawkesbury Sandstone areas below 100 m above sea level (Benson 1990; Benson & McDougall 1998).

Associated species include the Water Gum (Tristaniopsis laurina) and Grey Myrtle (Backhousia myrtifolia) in riparian scrub; Broad-leaved Scribbly Gum (Eucalyptus haemastoma) in woodland sites; and Smooth-barked Apple (Angophora costata), Flaky-barked Tea-tree (Leptospermum trinervium) and Heath-leaved Banksia (Banksia ericifolia) in open forest (Benson & McDougall 1998).

The species flowers from October to November, with mature fruits recorded in December (Thompson 1989; Benson 1990). It is most likely killed by fire (Benson & McDougall 1998).

The main identified threats to Deane’s Tea-tree are stochastic events; invasion by exotic weeds; water eutrophication; pollution; and inappropriate fire regimes (Benson 1990; Benson & McDougall 1998; NSW OEH 2012).

Management documents relevant to Deane’s Tea-tree: are at the start of the profile. The Garigal National Park Plan of Management (NSW NPWS 1998d) and Marra Marra National Park Plan of Management (NSW DECC 1998) may also be informative.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Ecosystem Degradation:Decline in habitat quality Leptospermum deanei in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006nc) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leptospermum deanei (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008rj) [Conservation Advice].
Pollution:Pollution:Deterioration of water and soil quality (contamination and pollution) Leptospermum deanei in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006nc) [Internet].

Benson, D. & L. McDougall (1998). Ecology of Sydney plant species: Part 6 Dicotyledon family Myrtaceae. Cunninghamia. 5(4):809-987. Sydney: NSW Royal Botanic Gardens.

Benson, D.H. (1990). Leptospermum: Rare or threatened species in New South Wales. Cunninghamia. 2(2):337-341. Sydney, National Herbarium of New South Wales.

Brophy, J.J., R.J. Goldsack, A.R. Bean, P.I. Forster & B.J. Lepschi (1999). Leaf essential oils of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae) in eastern Australia, Part 4. Leptospermum deanei and allies. Flavour and Fragrance Journal. 14:92-97.

Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2010). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from:

New South Wales Office of the Environment and Heritage (NSW OEH) (2012b). Leptospermum deanei – Profile. [Online]. Available from:

NSW Department of Environment & Climate Change (NSW DECC) (1998). Marra Marra National Park, Muogamarra Nature Reserve and Maroota Historic Site Plan of Management. [Online]. Available from:

NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (1998d). Garigal National Park Plan of Management. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 02-May-2008].

Thompson, J. (1989). A revision of the genus Leptospermum (Myrtaceae). Telopea. 3(3):301-448.

Thompson, J. & V. Logan (2002). Leptospermum. In: Harden, G.J., ed. Flora of New South Wales. 2:178-193. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (2008rj). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leptospermum deanei. [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from:

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Leptospermum deanei in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Thu, 21 Aug 2014 08:41:02 +1000.