In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable as Acacia ammophila|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Acacia ammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008gf) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Acacia ammophila.
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Acacia ammophila |
|Reference||Austrobaileya 1(2): 197, adnot. (1978).|
|Other names||Racosperma ammophilum |
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
From Australian Plant Image Index
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From Australian Plant Image Index
View larger image
|Other illustrations||Google Images|
Acacia ammophila is a tree growing to 6 m tall with furrowed, dark grey bark (Pedley 1978; Orchard & Wilson 2001a).
This species is restricted to south-western Qld, where it is known from two disjunct localties about 250 km apart near Thargomindah and Adavale in the Warrego District. The first area is in Lake Bindegolly NP, approx. 32 km east of Thargomindah. The species is believed to extend approx. 50 km out from the park area. The second occurrence is approx. 32 km east of Adavale and extends to Hell Hole Gorge NP approx. 30 km further to the north-west (BRI undated; Environment Australia & Qld Environmental Protection Agency n.dat; Orchard & Wilson 2001a).
There is no quantitative information on population sizes. Anecdotal evidence is that the species is at very low densities occurring as scattered individuals in the Adavale-Hell Hole Gorge area. In the Lake Bindegolly area the species is at higher densities forming well developed stands (Dollery 2001). Seedling numbers of this species have increased in Lake Bindegolly NP since stock have been excluded from the Park (Handley 2001).
In the field it resembles A. cana Maiden but it differs from this and other species of the Microneurae group in having flat pods distinctly contracted between the seeds (Pedley 1978).
East of Thargomindah it occurs on sandy red earth on the lower slopes of dunes and on surrounding areas with A. aneura. East of Adavale it occurs on heavier alluvial soil with A. calcicola. In Hell Hole Gorge NP it grows in A. cambagei low open woodland on alluvial red sandy clay soils (Pedley 1978; BRI undated).
Flowers have been recorded in Mar. and May to July; fruits mature in Oct. and Nov. (BRI undated; Pedley 1978).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation||Acacia ammophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006t) [Internet].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Acacia ammophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006t) [Internet].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Habitat alteration (vegetation, soil, hydrology) due to trampling and grazing by livestock||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Acacia ammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008gf) [Conservation Advice].|
|Biological Resource Use:Gathering Terrestrial Plants:Recreational harvest||Acacia ammophila in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006t) [Internet].|
|Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate change altering atmosphere/hydrosphere temperatures, rainfall patterns and/or frequency of severe weather events||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Acacia ammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008gf) [Conservation Advice].|
|Climate Change and Severe Weather:Droughts:Drought||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Acacia ammophila (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008gf) [Conservation Advice].|
|Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:camping|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation||Capra hircus (Goat)|
|Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation||Sus scrofa (Pig)|
|Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality|
|Pollution:Pollution:Changes to water and sediment flows leading to erosion, siltation and pollution|
|Pollution:Pollution:Deterioration of water and soil quality (contamination and pollution)|
|Residential and Commercial Development:Residential and Commercial Development:Habitat modification (clearance and degradation) due to urban development|
|Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads|
Dollery, C. (2001). BRI file No. 900A, email in Queensland Herbarium files.
Environment Australia & Qld Environmental Protection Agency (n.dat.). Rare and Threatened Species and Plant Communities of the Mulga Lands. EA; Qld Dept of Environment.
Handley, M. (2001). BRI file No. 900A, email in Queensland Herbarium files.
Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson, eds. (2001a). Flora of Australia, Volume 11B, Mimosaceae, Acacia Part 2. In: Flora of Australia. Canberra, ACT: ABRS & CSIRO.
Pedley, L. (1978). A Revision of Acacia Mill. in Queensland. Austrobaileya. 1(2):75-234.
Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Acacia ammophila in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 29 Jul 2014 09:10:26 +1000.