In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Westringia parvifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agf) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Westringia parvifolia |
|Species author||C.White & Francis|
|Reference||Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland 33 (16 Jan. 1922) 160, textfig. 3.|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
Scientific name: Westringia parvifolia
Conventionally accepted as Westringia parvifolia (CHAH 2010). Some collections have been made with intermediate leaf size between W. parvifolia and W. cheelii, and there has been some doubt as to whether W. parvifolia warrants formal recognition (Bean 2001a pers. comm.; Stanley & Ross 1986)
Westringia parvifolia is a small 'twiggy' shrub that grows to approximately one metre in height, and has tiny oval shaped leaves 1.5–3 mm long, with slightly recurved margins. Leaves are arranged along the stem in groups of three forming a ring (whorl) at each node. Flowers are pale purple to white with reddish spots and occur in the upper leaf axils, forming a terminal leafy head of 3–7 flowers. Young shoots and flowers are covered with small, white hairs pressed closely to the surface and the branchlets are often hexagonal (Boivin 1949; Galbraith 1977; White & Francis 1921).
Westringia parvifolia is known from four collections near Yelarbon, Inglewood and Goondiwindi in south-east Queensland and from near Yetman in northern New South Wales (BRI n.d.; The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust 2011). The distribution range is approximately 80 km (BRI n.d.; White & Francis 1921).
Westringia parvifolia grows with Baker's Mallee (Eucalyptus bakeri) and Green Mallee (E. viridis) and between clumps of Spinifex (Triodia sp.) on sandy and stony soils (BRI n.d.; White & Francis 1921).
Flowering has been recorded in September and November (BRI n.d.).
Westringia parvifolia may be confused with W. cheelii from which it can be distinguished by its smaller leaves (1.5–3 mm long as compared to about 6 mm long for W. cheelii) (White & Francis 1921), though some plants have been found with leaf sizes that fall between these two ranges (Stanley & Ross 1986).
Identified threats to Westringia parvifolia include (ANRA 2009):
- broad-scale vegetation clearing
- increasing fragmentation and loss of remnants
- hydrological change
Commonwealth Conservation Advice
Refer to the Commonwealth Conservation Advice (TSSC 2008agf) for information on research priorities and recovery priority actions to mitigate threats including habitat loss, disturbance and modification. Raising awareness of the species and enabling recovery of additional populations are also encouraged in the Advice.
Managment documents relevant to Westringia parvifolia include:
- Management Program for Protected Plants in Queensland 2006-2010 (EPA 2006b).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Westringia parvifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agf) [Conservation Advice].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Westringia parvifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agf) [Conservation Advice].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence)||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Westringia parvifolia (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008agf) [Conservation Advice].|
|Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality|
|Pollution:Pollution:Pollution due to oil spills and other chemical pollutants|
Australian Natural Resources Atlas (ANRA) (2009). Biodiversity Assessment - Species at risk and their Recovery Process. [Online]. Available from: http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/vegetation/assessment/index.html. [Accessed: 24-Apr-2010].
Bean, A.R. (2001a). Personal Communication.
Boivin, B. (1949). Westringia, an Australian genus of Labiatae. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 60(9):99-110.
BRI Collection Records (BRI) (undated). Queensland Herbarium specimens.
Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2010). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/chah/apc/.
Galbraith, J. (1977). Collins Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of South-east Australia. Sydney; Collins.
Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management (Qld DERM) (2011b). Management Program for Protected Plants in Queensland 2011-2015. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/wildlife-trade/sources/management-plans/qld-flora.html.
Stanley, T.D. & E.M. Ross (1986). Flora of south-eastern Queensland. Volume Two. Brisbane, Queensland: Department of Primary Industries.
The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust (2011). PlantNET. [Online]. The Plant Information Network System of The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust, Sydney, Australia (version 2). Available from: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au.
Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2008agf). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Westringia parvifolia. [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/4822-conservation-advice.pdf.
White, C.T. & W.D. Francis (1921). Contributions to the Queensland Flora. Proceedings of the Royal Society of Queensland. 33:152-165.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Westringia parvifolia in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 16 Sep 2014 12:20:38 +1000.