In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Extinct as Paspalum batianoffii|
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Paspalum batianoffii.
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Paspalum batianoffii |
|Reference||Austrobaileya 3(4) (1992) 599.|
|Other names||Paspalum batianoffi |
|Distribution map||Species Distribution Map not available for this taxon.|
Scientific name: Paspalum batianoffii
Paspalum batianoffii was a perennial grass with horizontal stems (or runners). The stems were 20–40 cm long with two or three nodes. The lateral branches were sparse and the stem was enclosed by the base of the leaves. The leaf-blades were flat or rolled, 8–16 cm long and 2–4 mm wide. Both the surface of the leaf and the margins were smooth. The leaf bases were hairy and covered in warty bumps. The main leaf vein was narrowly winged, flattened and 2 mm wide. The flower-head was composed of two or three elongated spikes 6–9 cm long. The central flower-head axis was 1.5–2.5 cm long. The spikelets (small flower spikes) were solitary and the fertile spikelets had smooth stalks about 0.5 mm long. The fertile spikelets comprised one small sterile flower at the base, and one fertile flower. The sterile flowers had no modified leaves enclosing them. The fertile flowers were enclosed by a glume (modified leaf immediately below the flower-head). The upper glume was elliptic in shape, approximately 5 mm long, leathery in texture, with two veins. The lower glumes were absent or obscure. There were three anthers (pollen producing part of plant), each 2 mm long (Clayton et al. 2006).
The type specimen of Paspalum batianoffii was collected from the Port Curtis district at Statue Bay, 6.5 km south-east of Yeppoon, Central Queensland (Simon 1992a).
Paspalum batianoffii is only known to have occupied a narrow foredune with open woodland of Casuarina spp., Hibiscus spp. and Excoecaria ssp. and groundcover of Guinea Grass (Panicum maximum), Railroad Vine (Ipomoea pes-caprae) and Prickly Couch (Zoysia macrantha). The species performed a sand binding function just above high watermark (Simon 1992a).
The reasons for the decline and extinction of Paspalum batianoffii are unknown.
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Uncategorised:Uncategorised:threats not specified||Paspalum batianoffii in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006sj) [Internet].|
Clayton, W.D., K.T. Harman & H. Williamson (2006). GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora. [Online]. Kew: Royal Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.kew.org/data/grasses-db/sppindex.htm#S.
Simon, B.K. (1992a). Studies in Australian Grasses 5. New species of and new combinations for Queensland Panicoid grasses. Austrobaileya. 3(4).
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Paspalum batianoffii in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sat, 2 Aug 2014 01:57:26 +1000.