Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharpe 4781)
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2008aga) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999: correction of list of threatened species (9/03/2001) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2001j) [Legislative Instrument] as Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (C.Sandercoe C1256).
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (154) (17/06/2013) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2013t) [Legislative Instrument] as Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharpe 4781).
State Government
    Documents and Websites
QLD:Survey of Threatened Plant Species in South-East Queensland Biographical Region (Halford, D., 1998) [Report].
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Vulnerable (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list) as Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharpe 4781)
Scientific name Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharpe 4781) [83830]
Family Lamiaceae:Lamiales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Qld Herbarium
Infraspecies author  
Other names Prostanthera sp. 2 (Mt. Tinbeerwah) [24126]
Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (C.Sandercoe C1256) [56700]
Prostanthera sp. (C. Sandercoe C1256; Mt Tinbeerwah) [67305]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781)

Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) is conventionally accepted as a species (CHAH 2010) but is awaiting formal publication. Previously, Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) was considered an affinity of Prostanthera palustris (Conn 2000 pers. comm.), however, this inclusion has been reviewed and is not accepted (CHAH 2010).

Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) is a low, spreading, straggly, herb-like shrub with a few slender branches growing to 1.5 m long. Branches have a band of short, curled and bent hairs between the lateral ridges. Leaves are less than 1 cm long, 4–8 mm wide, spoon-shaped, with few or no hairs, green on the upper surface and pale green on the lower surface. Flowers are small, lobed and pale purple with yellow dots on a white throat (Stanley & Ross 1986).

Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) is known from four sites in the Mt Tinbeerwah area near Tewantin in the southern Wide Bay district, Queensland (Stanley & Ross 1986). The species has a distribution range of approximately 5 km, an extent of occurrence of 7 km² and an area of occupancy is approximately 2 ha. Two of the populations are on freehold land and two are on state forest land (Halford 1998).

The following table shows populations of Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) as outlined by Halford (1998):

Site Date
Population size Area occupied
Land tenure Notes
Mt Tinbeerwah (Tewantin State Forest) 7 October
52 mature
8 juvenile
10 000 State Forest Stand is accessible from the walkway at the carpark to the summit of the mountain. There are no commercial timber values in the vicinity of the population.
Lot 1/RP205063 (Illoura Place) 27 October
21 mature 30 Freehold Located near the western boundary of the freehold block. A large portion of the block has been cleared in the past but has been allowed to regenerate naturally. Where this species occurs, it appears that the land has only been partially cleared. The freehold property to the west has been heavily grazed.
Lot 183/MCH947 27 October
500–1000 mature 10 000 Freehold Stand is on the waning lower slope of Mt Tinbeerwah, below the southern cliff face. The population was only estimated visually because the ground layer was very dense.
Tewantin State Forest (Sandercoe C1286) 4 October
unknown unknown State Forest Stand is near Harry Spring Environmental Park.
Total   500-1000 at least 20 030    

The total population is estimated to be less than 2000 individuals (Halford 1998).

Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) occurs in shrubland on rocky hillslopes and in tall open forest on gently inclined slopes, or flat terrain on the coastal plain (Halford 1998). Associated species include Red Mahogany (Eucalyptus resinifera), E. racemosa, Pink Bloodwood (Corymbia intermedia), Turpentine (Syncarpia glomulifera), Lophostemon sp., Tall Saw-sedge (Gahnia clarkei) and Black-mouth Bush (Melastoma affine) (Qld DNR 2000).

The following table outlines the habitat of sites where Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) occurs (Halford 1998):

Site Site character Soil Geology Vegetation structure Plant species
Mt Tinbeerwah
(Tewantin State Forest) 
Steep rocky platform Shallow reddish black loam with a high organic content and pH 4.2 Tertiary, trachyte, comendite, trachyrhyolite, mangerite and syenite Open shrubland Overstorey: Leptospermum microcarpum, Yellow Prickly Moses (Acacia hubbardiana), Black Sheoak (Allocasuarina littoralis). Understorey: Commersonia sp. (Mt Tinbeerwah G.P.Guymer 1786), Roundleaf Goodenia (Goodenia rotundifolia), Sword Sedge (Lepidosperma laterale), Aristida benthamii var. benthamii, Dianella caerulea var. vannata, Small-flower Finger Grass (Digitaria parviflora) and Eriostemon difformis subsp. smithianus.
Illoura Place Gently undulating coastal plain Dark reddish brown loam with a surface pH 4.5 Quaternary alluvium Tall open forest Overstorey: Turpentine, Pink Bloodwood and Broad-leaved White Mahogany (Eucalyptus umbra). Understorey: Hickory Wattle (Acacia aulacocarpa), Red Ash (Alphitonia excelsa), Blueberry Ash (Elaeocarpus obovatus), Quinine Tree (Petalostigma triloculare), Pricklyleaf Paperbark (Melaleuca nodosa), Dianella caerulea var. vannata, Wiry Panic (Entolasia stricta), Hairy Guinea-flower (Hibbertia aspera), Pultenaea myrtoides, Pultenaea retusa, Zieria minutiflora, Swamp Paperbark (Melaleuca quinquenervia) and Spiny-headed Mat-rush (Lomandra longifolia).
Lot 183 Lower southern slope Black clay loam with a surface pH 4.2 Myrtle Creek Sandstone Layered very tall open forest Overstorey: Turpentine, Pink Bloodwood and Blackbutt (Eucalyptus pilularis). Mid storey: Black Sheoak, Scentless Rosewood (Synoum glandulosum) and Wild May (Leptospermum polygalifolium). Understorey: Schoenus melanostachys, Tall Saw-sedge, Dianella longifolia, Austral Sarsaparilla (Smilax australis) and Longleaf Matrush (Lomandra hystrix).
Tewantin State Forest (Sandercoe 1286 Flat sandy area     Tall open forest Overstorey: Red Mahogany, Turpentine and Pink Bloodwood. Mid storey: Swamp Paperbark, Meleleuca sieberi, Black Sheoak and Wild May. Understorey: Small-leaved Geebung (Persoonia virgata), Large-leaved Hop-bush (Dodonaea triquetra), Hovea acutifolia, Babingtonia virgata, Wallum Phebalium (Phebalium woombye), Yellow Prickly Moses, Hairpin Banksia (Banksia spinulosa), Pultenaea paleacea, P. retusa, Tall Ground Berry (Acrotriche aggregata), Wiry Panic, Hairy Devil's Twine (Cassytha pubescens), Zieria minutiflora, Tall Saw-sedge, Schoenus brevifolius , Appleberry (Billardiera scandens), Hairy-joint Grass (Arthraxon hispidus), Sword Sedge (Lepidosperma laterale) and Granny's Bonnet (Pimelea linifolia).

Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) has been recorded flowering in January, April and November (Stanley & Ross 1986; Halford 1998; Qld DNR 2000). Reproduction is predominantly by seeds, however, the species has been observed to produce roots from branch nodes where the branches come in contact with the soil surface. Observations of the population on Mt Tinbeerwah indicate that the plants are fire-sensitive. The species does not appear to have a lignotuber or similar root structures so regeneration after fire relies on the successful germination of seed (Halford 1998).

Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) is easily distinguished from other Prostanthera species in south-east Queensland by its obovate to more or less spathulate leaves (Halford 1998).

Innapropriate fire regimes

Anecdotal evidence suggest that Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) is fire sensitive and is not capable of regenerating from underground organs. Fire is a threat at all sites. Continued existence of the species after fire would require the regeneration of the species from seed (obligate seeder). Local extinction would occur if fires were too frequent and did not allow the replenishment of the seedbank. The habitat at Mt Tinbeerwah may provide some degree of protection from frequent burning as the rocky outcrops and pavements buffer plants from fire (Halford 1998).

Weed invasion

Weed invasion of habitat is a threat, and the following weeds have been identified at Mt Tinbeerwah (Tewantin State Forest): Cobbler's Pegs (Bidens pilosa), Brachiaria decumbens, Tall Fleabane (Conyza sumatrensis), Mexican Lovegrass (Eragrostis mexicana subsp. mexicana), Sweet Potato (Ipomoea batatas), Lantana (Lantana camara), Molasses Grass (Melinis minutiflora) and Red Natal Grass (M. repens) (Halford 1998).

Lack of secure tenure

Two of the four known sites are on freehold land where changes of land management may lead to the destruction of the populations. The lack of secure land tenure for these two sites is a direct threat to the long term viability of the species at those sites and possibly to the long term viability of the species as a whole (Halford 1998).

Refer to the Commonwealth Conservation Advice (TSSC 2008aga) for information on research priorities and recovery priority actions to mitigate threats including habitat loss, disturbance and modification, weeds, grazing and fire. Raising awareness of the species and enabling recovery of additional populations are also encouraged in the Advice.

Management documents relevant to Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) include:

  • Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781) (TSSC 2008aga).

No threats data available.

Conn, B.J. (2000). Personal Communication.

Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2010). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from:

Halford, D. (1998). Survey of Threatened Plant Species in South-East Queensland Biographical Region. [Online]. Brisbane: Queensland CRA/RFA Steering Committee. Available from:

Queensland Department of Natural Resources (Qld DNR) (2000). Species Management Manual. Forest and Fauna Conservation and Ecology Section, Queensland Department of Natural Resouces.

Stanley, T.D. & E.M. Ross (1986). Flora of south-eastern Queensland. Volume Two. Brisbane, Queensland: Department of Primary Industries.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2008aga). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharp 4781). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from:

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Prostanthera sp. Mt Tinbeerwah (P.R.Sharpe 4781) in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Sun, 21 Sep 2014 02:41:44 +1000.