Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Banksia ionthocarpa
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. chrysophoenix, Interim Recovery Plan (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010b) [Recovery Plan] as Banksia ionthocarpa.
 
Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan] as Banksia ionthocarpa.
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Dryandra ionthocarpa.
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (72) (15/12/2008) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2008k) [Legislative Instrument] as Banksia ionthocarpa.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20 (Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates, 1995) [State Action Plan].
Scientific name Banksia ionthocarpa [82764]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author (A.S.George) A.R.Mast & K.R.Thiele
Infraspecies author  
Reference Mast, A.R. & Thiele, K. (2007) The transfer of Dryandra R.Br. to Banksia L.f. (Proteaceae). Australian Systematic Botany 20(1): 68 [comb. nov.]
Other names Dryandra sp. Kamballup (M.Pieroni s.n. 20/9/88) [56743]
Dryandra ionthocarpa [64513]
Dryandra sp. (M. Pieroni s.n. 20/9/88; Kamballup) [67236]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

A tufted, prostrate shrub to 30 cm tall and 60 cm wide, stems underground (George 1996; Hopper et al. 1990; George 1999a).

Known from two disjunct populations in south-western WA, one near Kamballup in the Albany region and a small population near Brookton, c. 100 km south-east of Perth (George 1999a). In 1996 this species was known only from the type population, at Kamballup, which consisted of about 200 plants (George 1996). A 1994 survey indicated a total Kamballup population of 664 plants (plus 493 dead plants) (Robinson & Coates 1995). However, a subsequent survey, reported in the interim recovery plan, found more than 1200 plants in the Kamballup population (Kershaw et al. 1997b). By 1999, the species was known from both localities (George 1999a).

The Kamballup population consists of two subpopulations. One is in a reserve vested in Plantaganet Shire for the purpose of golf, while the other is in an adjacent unvested reserve, part of which has been mined for spongolite stone and is still under lease for that purpose (Brown et al. 1998).

Formerly known as Dryandra sp. (Kamballup) (Brown et al. 1990).

On gravelly red-brown loam over spongolite in open shrub mallee (kwongan) habitat dominated by Eucalyptus falcata and E. tetragona over a thicket of Melaleuca spp., and dwarf scrub of Allocasuarina thuyoides, Beaufortia micrantha, Isopogon buxifolius, Verticordia chrysantha and Xanthorrhoea platyphylla (Hopper et al. 1990; George 1996; Kershaw et al. 1997b; George 1999a).

Flowers are pink-mauve with a yellow limb (George 1996, 1999a). Flowering occurs Sept. to Oct. The stems are underground and protected from fire (George 1996, 1999a). Despite this, it appears to rely on the seed bank for recruitment after fire (Kershaw et al. 1997b).

Small mammals may be responsible for seed dispersal. The seed is different from that of other Dryandra spp. in that it does not have a wing, but a small tuft of hairs which sticks to animal fur. Seed appears to collect at the base of the plant. There appears to be a sizeable seed bank (Kershaw et al. 1997b).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate change altering atmosphere/hydrosphere temperatures, rainfall patterns and/or frequency of severe weather events Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Reduced rainfall caused by climate change Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Droughts:Drought Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Banksia ionthocarpain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006bw) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:inappropriate conservation measures Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Oryctolagus cuniculus (Rabbit, European Rabbit) Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. chrysophoenix, Interim Recovery Plan (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Arctotheca calendula (Capeweed, Cape Dandelion) Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Asparagus asparagoides (Bridal Creeper, Bridal Veil Creeper, Smilax, Florist's Smilax, Smilax Asparagus) Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Negative impacts caused by insects Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Banksia ionthocarpain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006bw) [Internet].
Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009w) [Threat Abatement Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Allocasuarina huegeliana (Rock Sheoak) Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. chrysophoenix, Interim Recovery Plan (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, predation and/or habitat degradation by insects Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Banksia ionthocarpain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006bw) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Recovery Plan for Kamballup Banksia Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. ionthocarpa (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010d) [Recovery Plan].
Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Banksia ionthocarpa subsp. chrysophoenix, Interim Recovery Plan (Department of Environment and Conservation, 2010b) [Recovery Plan].

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

George, A.S. (1996). New taxa and a new infrageneric classification in Dryandra R.Br. (Proteaceae: Grevilleoideae). Nuytsia. 10(3):313-408. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

George, A.S. (1999a). Dryandra. In: Orchard, A.E., H.S.Thompson & P.M. McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 17B:251-363. Canberra, ACT and Melbourne, Victoria: ABRS and CSIRO.

Hopper, S.D., S. van Leeuwen, A.P. Brown & S.J. Patrick (1990). Western Australia's Endangered Flora and other plants under consideration for declaration. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Consrvation and Land Management.

Kershaw, K., Holland, E. & Brown, A. (1997b). Kamballup Dryandra (Dryandra ionthocarpa) Interim Recovery Plan 1996-1999. Wanneroo: WA CALM.

Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates (1995). Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20. [Online]. Como, Western Australia: Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

Vallee, L., T. Hogbin, L. Monks, B. Makinson, M. Matthes & M. Rossetto (2004). Guidelines for the translocation of threatened plants in Australia - Second Edition. Canberra, ACT: Australian Network for Plant Conservation.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Banksia ionthocarpa in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Tue, 22 Apr 2014 01:35:49 +1000.