Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Plectranthus habrophyllus (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008su) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Endangered (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list)
Scientific name Plectranthus habrophyllus [64589]
Family Lamiaceae:Lamiales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author P.I.Forster
Infraspecies author  
Reference Austrobaileya. 4(2) 175, fig. 7 (1994).
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Scientific name: Plectranthus habrophyllus

Conventionally accepted as Plectranthus habrophyllus P.I. Forst (CHAH 2010).

Plectranthus habrophyllus is a woody, square-stemmed herb growing up to 40 cm tall with scented foliage. Leaves are up to 45 mm long, opposite, oval-shaped, fleshy, with 4–8 teeth on each margin. Inflorescences are 10–12 light purple, two-lipped flowers, 7–8.8 mm long clustered on terminal spikes up to 20 cm long (Forster 1994; Queensland Herbarium 2008).

P. habrophyllus is restricted to south east Queensland, near Ipswich and near Ormeau, south of Beenleigh (Queensland Herbarium 2008); has a distributional range of approximately 40 km (Queensland Herbarium undated) and is known from only six locations in south-east Queensland (Queensland Herbarium 2008).

Seven populations are known including (Forster 1994; Queensland Herbarium undated):

  • Oxley Creek, Greenbank
  • Opposum Creek, Springfield
  • Woogaroo Creek, Goodna
  • three populations within White Rock Conservation Park, incorporating Six Mile Creek Conservation Park
  • near Ormeau (south of Beenleigh).

Population sizes are unknown for Oxley Creek, Opposum Creek, Woogaroo Creek, and White Rock Conservation Park. Though suggested to contain only a few plants, the populations of White Rock Conservation Park is the largest (L. Bird 2001 pers. comm.).

Greenbank Military Training Area was placed on the register of the National Estate Report in 1996 due to its natural values. The site incorporates some of Oxley Creek where P. habrophyllus is found (LCC 2009).

Plants have been recorded growing on chert or sandstone outcrops, in open woodlands often in shaded situations near vine forest (Forster 1994).

Flowers have been recorded in February, August and December (Queensland Herbarium 2008).

The species is similar to P. suaveolens but differs by having green leaves with long shaggy, glandular hairs, a complete lack of sessile glands and a shorter corolla (< 9 mm long). In comparison P. suaveolens has silver leaves with closely appressed non-glandular hairs, scattered sessile glands and a longer corolla (> 9 mm long) (Forster 1994).

Identified Threats

The main identified threats to P. habrophyllus are competition from introduced weeds, such as Lantana (Lantana camara) and Creeping Lantana (Lantana montevidensis), which also increase fuel loads resulting in increased fire intensity and frequency, resulting in more destructive fire events for the species to recover from (P.I. Forster 2008, pers. comm).

Potential Threats

The main potential threats include habitat destruction and degradation from increasing urban development in locations outside of protected areas (Forster 1994). Furthermore, the Ormeau site on the south-eastern edge of the species range is a proposed quarry (DSEWPAC 2008).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Plectranthus habrophyllus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rj) [Internet].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Plectranthus habrophyllus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rj) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Lantana montevidensis (Creeping Lantana, Purple Lantana, Small Lantana, Trailing Lantana, Weeping Lantana, Polecat-geranium, Wild Verbena) Plectranthus habrophyllus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rj) [Internet].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Lantana camara (Lantana, Common Lantana, Kamara Lantana, Large-leaf Lantana, Pink Flowered Lantana, Red Flowered Lantana, Red-Flowered Sage, White Sage, Wild Sage) Plectranthus habrophyllus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rj) [Internet].
Residential and Commercial Development:Housing and Urban Areas:Habitat loss, modification and fragmentation due to urban development Plectranthus habrophyllus in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006rj) [Internet].

Bird, L. (2001). Personal Communication.

Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2010). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from:

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPAC) (2008). Department of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts 2007-08 annual report. [Online]. Available from:

Forster, P.I. (1994). Ten new species of Plectranthus L'Her. (Lamiaceae) from Queensland. Austrobaileya. 4(2).

Forster, PI (Queensland Herbarium EPA). Personal communication. 29 May (2008).

Logan City Council (LCC) (2009). Greenbank. Available online: Viewed 12 June 2010. Viewed 12 June 2010. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed: 12-Jun-2010].

Queensland Herbarium (2008). Specimen label information. Viewed 26 June 2008.

Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (2008su). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Plectranthus habrophyllus. [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from:

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Plectranthus habrophyllus in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Thu, 2 Oct 2014 16:03:12 +1000.