Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Survey guidelines for Australia's threatened fish. EPBC Act survey guidelines 6.4 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2011i) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument].
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
QLD:Enhancing biodiversity hotspots along Western Queensland stock routes (Queensland Department of Environment and Resource Management (Qld DERM), 2009a) [Management Plan].
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Endangered (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list)
Non-statutory Listing Status
IUCN: Listed as Critically Endangered (Global Status: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2013.1 list)
Scientific name Chlamydogobius micropterus [64698]
Family Gobiidae:Perciformes:Actinopterygii:Chordata:Animalia
Species author Larson, 1995
Infraspecies author  
Reference  
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://www.desertfishes.org/australia/fish/chlamicr.shtml

The Elizabeth Springs Goby is a freshwater fish growing to 6.2 cm (Unmack 2003a).

Formerly distributed throughout the Elizabeth Springs complex and the outflow stream, Spring Ck (Wager & Jackson 1993). Now only found in Elizabeth Springs and associated pools on Springvale Station, 80 km SE of Boulia in SW Qld in the Great Artesian Basin (Wager & Jackson 1993; Larson 1995; Unmack & Wager in prep.). It occurs in an area 1600 m by 600 m alongside Spring Ck (Unmack & Wager in prep.). Population size based on area of suitable habitat has been estimated at between 1000 and 2000 individuals (Unmack & Wager in prep.).

Elizabeth Springs is a group of about 40 low freshwater mound springs associated with the Great Artesian Basin (Unmack & Wager in prep). The springs consist of dry or non-flowing mounds with little or no vegetation; vegetated marshy soaks with no surface water; springs with small outflows among marshy vegetated areas; and well-vegetated springs with many short, well-defined outflows. The wetted area of the springs range in diameter up to about 140 m. Maximum water depth is 100 mm. This species only occurs in some of the larger springs. During daylight they shelter in or near emergent vegetation, while at night they can be observed some distance from cover and are apparently foraging (Unmack & Wager in prep).

This species appears to be omnivorous (Unmack & Wager in prep.).

Reproductive information is only available for captive populations. Spawning sites have not been found in the wild. Spawning and hatching has been recorded at temperatures over 26°C (Unmack & Wager in prep). Males select a site, often a cave beneath a rock. Male display involves extension of all fins and jerky swimming movements around the site. The male guides an attracted female to the site. Spawning usually occurs at nights and lasts about one hour. 40-100 eggs are attached to the ceiling of the cave. Elongate, water-hardened eggs are between 2.5-3 mm in length and hatch after 10 days. Newly hatched larvae are 5-6 mm in length (Unmack & Wager in prep).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Threatened Fishes of the World: Chlamydogobius micropterus Larson, 1995 (Gobiidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. (Unmack, P.J. & R.Wager, 2006) [Journal].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Habitat alteration (vegetation, soil, hydrology) due to trampling and grazing by livestock Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Shrublands on southern Swan Coastal Plain ironstones in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006abb) [Internet].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat modification through open cut mining/quarrying activities Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat modification through underground mining Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Mechanical disturbance during construction, maintanance or recreational activities Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Soil disturbance and/or trampling due to bushwalking Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Acacia nilotica subsp. indica (Prickly Acacia) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Parkinsonia aculeata (Parkinsonia, Jerusalem Thorn, Jelly Bean Tree, Horse Bean) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Urochloa mutica (Para Grass) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Tamarix aphylla (Athel Pine, Athel Tree, Tamarisk, Athel Tamarisk, Athel Tamarix, Desert Tamarisk, Flowering Cypress, Salt Cedar) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Phoenix dactylifera (Date Palm) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation Hymenachne amplexicaulis (Hymenachne, Olive Hymenachne, Water Stargrass, West Indian Grass, West Indian Marsh Grass) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by bamboo Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Gambusia holbrooki (Eastern Gambusia, Mosquitofish) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Threatened Fishes of the World: Chlamydogobius micropterus Larson, 1995 (Gobiidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. (Unmack, P.J. & R.Wager, 2006) [Journal].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or predation Rhinella marina (Cane Toad) Comments on draft Inventory of Nationally Significant Environmental Assets (Desert Channels Queensland NRM, 2007) [Paper File].
Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Activities that lead to swamp degradation Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Drawdown of aquifer, artesian and/or groundwater system Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Extraction of artesian water resources Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Threatened Fishes of the World: Chlamydogobius micropterus Larson, 1995 (Gobiidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. (Unmack, P.J. & R.Wager, 2006) [Journal].
The Action Plan For Australian Freshwater Fishes (Wager, R. & P. Jackson, 1993) [Cwlth Action Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Extraction of ground water Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Habitat disturbance caused by underground mining Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Pollution:Pollution:Deterioration of water and soil quality (contamination and pollution) Recovery plan for the community of native species dependent on natural discharge of groundwater from the Great Artesian Basin (Fensham, R.J., W.F. Ponder & R.J. Fairfax, 2010) [Recovery Plan].
Residential and Commercial Development:Housing and Urban Areas:Habitat loss, modification and fragmentation due to urban development The Action Plan For Australian Freshwater Fishes (Wager, R. & P. Jackson, 1993) [Cwlth Action Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Shrublands on southern Swan Coastal Plain ironstones in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006abb) [Internet].

Australian Fish Collection Records (undated). Collation of records from Australian Fish Collections.

Larson, H.K (1995). A review of the Australian endemic gobiid fish genus Chlamydogobius, with description of five new species. The Beagle, Records of the Museums and Art Galleries of the Northern Territory. 12:19-51.

Unmack, P.J. (2003a). Chlamydogobius micropterus Larson 1995 Elizabeth Springs Goby. [Online]. Available from: http://www.desertfishes.org/australia/fish/chlamicr.shtml.

Unmack, P.J. & R.Wager (2006). Threatened Fishes of the World: Chlamydogobius micropterus Larson, 1995 (Gobiidae). Environmental Biology of Fishes. [Online]. Available from: http://www.springerlink.com/content/l5729q1r76495323/?p=da8fd4f9387245c8a8cbef8de1229202&pi=0.

Wager, R. & P. Jackson (1993). The Action Plan For Australian Freshwater Fishes. Canberra, ACT: Australian Nature Conservation Agency.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Chlamydogobius micropterus in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 28 Aug 2014 12:00:41 +1000.