Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Thelymitra manginii K.Dixon & Batty ms.
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan] as Thelymitra manginii.
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat Abatement Plan for Predation, Habitat Degradation, Competition and Disease Transmission by Feral Pigs (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2005p) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Thelymitra manginii K.Dixon & Batty ms..
 
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Critically Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list) as Thelymitra dedmaniarum
Scientific name Thelymitra dedmaniarum [65105]
Family Orchidaceae:Orchidales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author R.S.Rogers
Infraspecies author  
Reference Hoffman, N. & Brown, A. (1998), Orchids of South-West Australia Edn. 2.
Other names Thelymitra dedmanae [24414]
Thelymitra dedmaniae [64427]
Thelymitra manginii [64980]
Thelymitra manginiae [67221]
Thelymitra manginii K.Dixon & Batty ms. [67443]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://florabase.calm.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/13687

The Cinnamon Sun-orchid is a terrestrial orchid growing to 40 cm high. Its golden yellow flowers have a strong cinnamon odour (Brown et al. 1998; Phillimore et al. 1999).

This species is known from two populations north-east of Perth.

Population details from Phillimore et al. (1999):

Population Land Status Year/No. plants Condition
1a. SSE of Jumperkine Hill Private Property 1991 - 75
1995 - 83
1996 - 69
1998 - 0
Healthy
1b. SSE of Jumperkine Hill Shire road reserve 1990 - 36
1995 - 11
1996 - 0
Moderate
1c. SSE of Jumperkine Hill Shire recreation area 1991 - 2
1995 - 5
1996 - 1
1998 - 0
Healthy
1d. SSE of Jumperkine Hill Private Property 1991 - 2
1995 - 13
1996 - 8
1998 - 0
Moderate
1e. SSE of Jumperkine Hill Shire recreation reserve 1992 - 4
1995 - 20
1996 - 13
Healthy
1f. SSE of Jumperkine Hill Private Property 1992 - 5
1995 - 9
Healthy
1g. SSE of Jumperkine Hill Shire road reserve 1994 - 2
1995 - 3
1996 - 0
1998 - 0
Poor
2. SE of Jumperkine Hill Shire recreation reserve 1991 - 11
1995 - 4
Healthy

Thelymitra manginii looks similar to Thelymitra stellata, T. jacksonii and T. dedmaniarum, with which it was recently confused, however, T. manginii is taller, and has predominantly golden yellow flowers (Brown et al. 1998; Phillimore et al. 1999).

This species inhabits open wandoo woodland on red-brown sandy loam, associated with dolerite and granite outcropping. Associated vegetation consists of Eucalyptus wandoo, E. accedens and Corymbia calophylla, over low scrub of Acacia pulchella, A. saligna, Calothamnus quadrifidus, Melaleuca radula and Hakea lissocarpha (Brown et al. 1998; Phillimore et al. 1999).

Flowering occurs from late Oct. to Nov. As with other WA terrestrial orchids, seed germination and seedling growth of T. manginii are reliant upon an interaction with symbiotic soil fungi. This association continues into adulthood. A suspected pollinator is a beetle, the common Chrysomelid (Diaphanops westermanni). However, this beetle is not believed to be a specific pollinator as it will visit most flowering plants (Brown et al. 1998; Phillimore et al. 1999).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Biological Resource Use:Gathering Terrestrial Plants:Illegal collection Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human disturbance as the result of ecotourism Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Disturbance, especially from human recreational activities and development Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Problematic Native Species:Competition, grazing, predation and/or habitat degradation by mammals Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Habitat degradation caused by firebreak construction and/or maintenance Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Transportation and Service Corridors:Road and rail maintenance works Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002 (Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English, 1999) [Recovery Plan].

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Phillimore, R., A. Brown & V. English (1999). Cinnamon Sun Orchid (Thelymitra manginii ms) Interim Recovery Plan 1999-2002. [Online]. CALM. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/t-manginii/index.html.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Thelymitra dedmaniarum in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 11 Jul 2014 04:28:31 +1000.