In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed marine|
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
|Policy Statements and Guidelines||
Marine bioregional plan for the North Marine Region (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012x) [Admin Guideline].
Marine bioregional plan for the North-west Marine Region (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012y) [Admin Guideline].
Seagrass - A Vulnerability Assessment for the Great Barrier Reef (Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), 2011k) [Admin Guideline].
Federal Register of
Declaration under section 248 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of Marine Species (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000c) [Legislative Instrument].
|Scientific name||Choeroichthys brachysoma |
|Species author||(Bleeker, 1855)|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
Current name: Choeroichthys brachysoma (Bleeker, 1855) (Pacific Short-bodied Pipefish, Short-bodied Pipefish)
Bleeker described this species as Syngnathus brachysoma in 1855 from specimens collected in the Batu Archipelago, Indonesia (Dawson 1976). It attains a standard length of at least 62.5 mm (Dawson 1976). Kuiter (2000) noted that Corythoichthys brachysoma has an uncertain distribution due to the occurrence of many erroneous records throughout the Indo-West Pacific. According to Kuiter (2000) the snout length is highly variable, which causes some confusion with similar species from the Indian Ocean. Kuiter (2000) regarded Corythoichthys valencienni Kaup 1856, described from Réunion (w. Indian Ocean) and previously included with C. brachysoma, as a separate species that occurs in the W Indian Ocean and Red Sea. According to Kuiter (2000), this species is very similar to C. latispinosus Dawson 1978 from the e. Indian Ocean.
Although this species has been recorded in depths of up to 27.4 m (Dawson 1976), it most commonly occurs in seagrass, reef and coral habitats in depths of less than 5 m (Dawson 1985). Specimens in Aust. fish collections were collected in association with reefs (fringing, exposed, sheltered and limestone), live corals (including Porites, Acropora, Millepora and Synarea), soft corals, dead corals, algae (including Sargassum and filamentous algae), seagrass, sponges, hydroids, coral and shell rubble, coral rock, beach rock, sandstone terraces, isolated rock pools, caves, lagoons, mud, sand, and silt. The above specimens were collected in depths of 0.1-24 m using ichthyocides and nightlights (Australian Fish Collection Records).
Male Choeroichthys pipefishes have a brood pouch under the trunk (Kuiter 2000). Males may be brooding at 35-40 mm Standard Length (Dawson 1985).
Pipefishes feed on small living crustaceans (Gronell 1983).
Marine bioregional plans have been developed for four of Australia's marine regions - South-west, North-west, North and Temperate East. Marine Bioregional Plans will help improve the way decisions are made under the EPBC Act, particularly in relation to the protection of marine biodiversity and the sustainable use of our oceans and their resources by our marine-based industries. Marine Bioregional Plans improve our understanding of Australia's oceans by presenting a consolidated picture of the biophysical characteristics and diversity of marine life. They describe the marine environment and conservation values of each marine region, set out broad biodiversity objectives, identify regional priorities and outline strategies and actions to address these priorities. Click here for more information about marine bioregional plans.
The Pacific short-bodied pipefish has been identified as a conservation value in the North (DSEWPaC 2012x) and North-west (DSEWPaC 2012y) marine regions. The "species group report card - bony fishes" for the North (DSEWPaC 2012x) and North-west (DSEWPaC 2012y) marine regions provide additional information.
No threats data available.
Australian Fish Collection Records (undated). Collation of records from Australian Fish Collections.
Dawson, C.E. (1976). Review of the Indo-Pacific pipefish genus Choeroichthys (Pisces: Syngnathidae), with descriptions of two new species. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington. 89(3):39-66.
Dawson, C.E. (1985). Indo-Pacific Pipefishes (Red Sea to the Americas). Page(s) 230. Gulf Coast Research Lab., Mississippi, USA.
Gronell, A.M. (1983). Pipefishes - seahorses of a different sort. Tropical Fish Hobbyist. 31(11):26-32.
Kuiter, R.H. (2000). Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Relatives. A Comprehensive Guide to Syngnathiformes. Page(s) 240. TMC Publishing, UK.
Paxton, J.R., D.F. Hoese, G.R. Allen & J.E. Hanley (1989). Pisces. In: Walton, D.W., ed. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. 7. Canberra: AGPS.
Senou, H. & A. Ono (1998). Two rare syngnathid, Choeroichthys brachysoma and Cosmocampus banneri, from the Ryukyu Islands. I.O.P. Diving News. 9(1):4-6.
Smith, J.L.B. (1963). Fishes of the family Syngnathidae from the Red Sea and the Western Indian Ocean. Ichthyological Bulletin. 27:515-543.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2013). Choeroichthys brachysoma in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Mon, 9 Dec 2013 22:47:22 +1100.