In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Endangered as Acacia ruppii|
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans||
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010l) [Recovery Plan] as Acacia ruppii.
Federal Register of
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Acacia ruppii.
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Acacia ruppii |
|Species author||Maiden & E.Betche|
|Reference||Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 37 (13 Dec. 1912) 244.|
|Other names||Racosperma ruppii |
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
Rupp's Wattle is an erect or spreading shrub growing to 3 m high with bright yellow flowers (Harden 1991).
A. ruppii grows in the Grafton-Coaldale area in the North Coast Botanical Divisions of NSW (Sheringham & Westaway 1995; Simmons 1988; NSW undated). There are 23 records including two from Fortis Ck SF, and one each from Fortis Ck NP and Banyabba NR (NSW undated). It is common in Banyabba NR and several collection sites in the Grafton-Coaldale area; it was described as rare or occasional in Fortis SF (BRI & NSW undated).
One population in Fortis Ck SF is adjacent to Rocky Ck, and another population in Banyabba NR occurs off Sportsmans Ck Fire Trail (Sheringham & Westaway 1995).
This profile follows Flora of NSW (Harden 1991, 2002) in recognising A. ruppii as distinct from A. torringtonensis; however, some botanists (see Pedley 1989; Orchard & Wilson 2001) consider these taxa to be conspecific under the name A. ruppii (Quinn et al. 1995). See the A. torringtonensis profile for more information on that taxon.
A. ruppii has been studied in the field at Wyberba in south-eastern Qld and at Torrington and near Coaldale (north of Grafton) in north-eastern NSW, the latter being its type locality. Plants from the elevated granite areas at Torrington and Wyberba, named A. torringtonensis by Tindale (1975), have a higher proportion of heads on single axillary peduncles and more densely tomentose pods than plants of the sandstone area near Coaldale. The range of phyllode size is about the same for both populations (Pedley 1989).
Pedley (1989) and Orchard & Wilson (2001) do not believe that these differences justify the recognition of A. torringtonensis as a distinct species. However, Harden (1991, 2002) and Quinn et al. (1995) treat A. torringtonensis as distinct from A. ruppii.
A. ruppii s.lat. is listed as Vulnerable under Qld legislation. A. ruppii s.str. is listed as Endangered under NSW legislation.
A. ruppii occurs on sandy soils over sandstone in dry sclerophyll forest, in shrubland and on disturbed roadside sites where the associated species include Acacia bauerlenii, A. quadrilateralis, Angophora woodsiana, Banksia aemula, Daviesia umbellata, Eucalyptus planchoniana, E. gummifera, E. signata, Lambertia formosa, Leptospermum trinervium, Hakea dactyloides, Gompholobium virgatum and Persoonia stradbrokensis. It is restricted to an altitude of about 50-150m (Quinn et al. 1995; Harden 2002).
At Banyabba NR, it occurs in the understorey of an open woodland beside a creek on shallow coarse sandy soil over sandstone. Associated species at the site are Eucalyptus notablis, E. tindaliae, E. bancroftii and Angophora paludosa. The understorey is shrubby heath with A. fimbriata, Banksia oblongifolia, Xanthorrhoea johnsonii and Melaleuca alternifolia (NSW undated).
In Fortis Ck SF (29 km north-west of Grafton on the road to Coaldale), it occurs on a creekline in open forest. The soil at the site is gravel and sand. Associated species are Angophora sp., Banksia serrata, Xanthorrhoea sp., Lomatia sp., Zieria sp., Ricinocarpos sp. and Hakea dactyloides (NSW undated).
SSE of Coaldale, it was recorded on sandy soil. At one site it was associated with Banksia asplenifolia, Melaleuca decora, Acacia quadrilateralis and Xanthorrhoea sp. and at a second site in the same area it was growing in dry sclerophyll forest with Acacia quadrilateralis, Banksia serratifolia, Bossiaea rhombifolia, Lambertia formosa, Pultenaea sp. and various eucalypts (NSW undated).
At Rocky Ck (between Coaldale and Grafton) it was recorded in a forest growing on sandy soil over sandstone. The common trees at the site were Eucalyptus planchoniana, E. baileyana, E. psammitica, Angophora robur, E. signata and Angophora paludosa (NSW undated; Sheringham & Westaway 1995). The shrub layer is dominated by Banksia oblongifolia (Quinn et al. 1995; Sheringham & Westaway 1995). It occurs in heath amongst granite outcrops (Quinn et al. 1995).
Flowering occurs July-Sept. (Quinn et al. 1995); fruits are borne during spring and summer (Steenbeeke 1998). Plants with juvenile foliage have been observed with flowers (NSW undated).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].|
|Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation||Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations||Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].|
|Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human induced disturbance due to unspecified activities|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)||
Acacia ruppii in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006ab) [Internet].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
|Transportation and Service Corridors:Transportation and Service Corridors:Road and rail maintenance works||Acacia ruppii in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006ab) [Internet].|
Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1996). Rare or Threatened Australian Plants - Revised Edition. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing.
Briggs, J.D. & Leigh, J.H. (1988). Rare or threatened plants. Special Publication 14.
Bruhl, J. (2000). Personal Communication.
Copeland, L. (2000). Personal Communication.
Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1991). Flora of New South Wales, Volume Two. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.
Harden, G.J. (ed.) (2002). Flora of New South Wales, Volume Two - rev. edn. University of New South Wales Press, Sydney.
NSW Herbarium (undated). New South Wales National Herbarium specimens.
Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson (eds) (2001). Flora of Australia, Volume 11A, Mimosaceae, Acacia Part 1.
Pedley, L. (1979). A Revision of Acacia Mill. in Queensland. Austrobaileya. 1(3):235-337.
Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.
Quinn, F., J.B. Williams, C.L. Gross & J. Bruhl (1995). Report on rare and threatened plants of north-eastern New South Wales. Armidale: University of New England.
Sheringham, P. & J. Westaway (1995). Significant Vascular Plants of Upper North East NSW: A report by the NSW NPWS for the Natural Resources Audit Council. NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service.
Simmons, M (1988). Acacias of Australia. Ringwood, Vic., Viking O'Neil Penguin Books Aust.
Steenbeeke, G. (1998). Clarence Rare Plant Species Information. [Online]. Available from: http://www.nor.com.au/environment/clarencecatchment/vegetation/rares/rarein.htm.
Tindale, M.D. (1975). Notes on Australian taxa of Acacia. Telopea. 1:68-83.
Williams, J.B. (2000). Personal Communication. Armidale, University of New England.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Acacia ruppii in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 17 Apr 2014 17:38:52 +1000.