Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Genoplesium brachystachyum
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Flora Recovery Plan: Tasmanian Threatened Orchids 2006-2010 (Threatened Species Section (TSS), 2006a) [Recovery Plan] as Corunastylis brachystachya.
Policy Statements and Guidelines Draft survey guidelines for Australia's threatened orchids (Department of the Environment, 2013b) [Admin Guideline].
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Genoplesium brachystachyum.
State Government
    Documents and Websites
TAS:Threatened Species Listing Statement - Firth's midge orchid Corunastylis firthii (L. Cady) D.L. Jones & M.A. Clem. 2002 (Tasmanian Department of Primary Industries, Parks, Water and Environment (TAS DIPWE), 2002) [Information Sheet].
TAS:Corunastylis brachystachya (Short-spiked Midge-orchid): Species Management Profile for Tasmania's Threatened Species Link (Threatened Species Section (TSS), 2014ae) [State Action Plan].
TAS:Flowering Times of Tasmanian Orchids: A Practical Guide for Field Botanists (Wapstra, M., N. Roberts, H. Wapstra & A. Wapstra, 2008) [Information Sheet].
State Listing Status
TAS: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 (Tasmania): September 2012 list) as Corunastylis brachystachya
Scientific name Corunastylis brachystachya [76410]
Family Orchidaceae:Orchidales:Liliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author (Lindl.) D.L.Jones & M.A.Clem.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Jones, D.L., Clements, M.A., Sharma, I.K. & Mackenzie, A.M., (2002) Nomenclatural notes arising from studies into the Tribe Diurideae (Orchidaceae). The Orchadian 13(10): 460 [comb. nov.]
Other names Prasophyllum brachystachyum [14229]
Genoplesium brachystachyum [32155]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Short-spiked Midge-orchid is a terrestrial orchid, with a flowering stem growing to 15 cm tall (Jones et al. 1999).

This species is endemic to northern Tasmania. It is known from Rocky Cape, including Rocky Cape NP, and near Stanley in the NW (Jones 1998d; Jones et al. 1999).

There are only two confirmed locations of this species - all others are G. tasmanicum. One site is on Rocky Cape and there is a new site in Arthur Pieman Reserve on the north-west coast of Tasmania (D.L.Jones pers. comm. as quoted by H.Wapstra, Tasmanian DPIWE 2000, pers. comm.).

Morphological examination of the Genoplesium group showed that Genoplesium is monotypic (represented by a single species) and that Corunastylis should be recognised for the majority of species in the group (Jones et al. 2002).

G. brachystachyum and G. firthii were considered synonymous until recently, but they are distinct species (Jones 1998d).

This species grows among low shrubs in heathland and heathy eucalypt woodland, near-coastal rocky areas. Soils are sandy and gravelly loams at altitudes from 0-20 m (Jones 1998d).

One of the sites is on a scrubby cliff side, with the other site on a rocky outcrop in coastal heath (H.Wapstra, Tasmanian DPIWE 2000, pers. comm.).

Flowering occurs from Feb. to Apr. (Jones 1998d).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Uncategorised:Uncategorised:threats not specified Flora Recovery Plan: Tasmanian Threatened Orchids 2006-2010 (Threatened Species Section (TSS), 2006a) [Recovery Plan].

Jones, D.L. (1998d). Contributions to Tasmanian Orchidology 1-9. Australian Orchid Research. 3. Essendon, Victoria: Australian Orchid Foundation.

Jones, D.L., H. Wapstra, P. Tonelli & S. Harris (1999). The Orchids of Tasmania. Carlton South, Victoria: Melbourne University Press.

Jones, D.L., M. Clements, I. Sharma, A. Mackenzie & B. Molloy (2002). Nomenclatural notes arising from studies into the Tribe Diurideae (Orchidaceae). Banks, D.P., ed. The Orchadian. 13 (10):437-468.

Tasmanian DPIWE (2000). Personal communication.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Corunastylis brachystachya in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Wed, 17 Sep 2014 21:51:36 +1000.