In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.
|EPBC Act Listing Status||Listed as Vulnerable|
|Listing and Conservation Advices||
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Ozothamnus reflexifolius (Reflexed Everlasting) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2004e) [Listing Advice].
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ozothamnus reflexifolius (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008yq) [Conservation Advice].
|Recovery Plan Decision||
Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
|Adopted/Made Recovery Plans|
Federal Register of
Inclusion of species in the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (22/06/2004) (Christmas Island fern, Preminghana Billybutton and Reflexed Everlasting) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2004c) [Legislative Instrument].
Documents and Websites
|State Listing Status||
|Scientific name||Ozothamnus reflexifolius |
|Species author||K.Leeson & Rozefelds|
|Reference||Australian Systematic Botany 16(3): 319, figs 3-9 (2003).|
This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.
The Reflexed Everlasting is a shrub growing to 1.3 m high, with slender spreading branches, and cream to yellowish flowers in clusters (Leeson & Rozefelds 2003).
This species is endemic to the Meehan Range in south-east Tasmania and consists of a single population of 4000-5000 plants, restricted to an area of approximately two ha (R. Schahinger, pers. comm. 2001 in Leeson & Rozefelds 2003). Thorough and wide searching in similar habitats to that in which it was discovered has not revealed another population (Leeson & Kirkpatrick 2004).
The single population of Ozothamnus reflexifolius can be clearly differentiated from other species in the genus by its unique leaf characters of strongly reflexed adult leaves. It is restricted to a single valley in the Meehan Range and has probably evolved in situ, being effectively isolated from related species by the surrounding topography.
It is closely related to O. lycopodioides, O. scutellifolius, and O. selaginoides in having conspicuous anauxotelic inflorescences (sections of plants that do not end in a flower or grow beyond the flowering region), capitula in sessile clusters, and leaves with recurved margins (Leeson & Rozefelds 2003).
This species occurs on skeletal soils derived from Jurassic dolerite in three broadly divided vegetation communities. It occurs as an understory shrub in Allocasuarina verticillata-dominated open woodland to closed forest; it is co-dominant in open heath with Spyridium obovatum var. velutinum; and is an important component in rock face vegetation with Dodonaea viscosa, Beyeria viscosa and herbaceous plants including Bulbine glauca, Plantago varia and Thysanotus patersonii. The resurrection fern Cheilanthes austrotenuifolia is present in all community types (Leeson & Rozefelds 2003).
Flowering and fruiting occurs from Nov. to Mar. The plants occur in a region which falls within a rain shadow, receiving approx. 500 mm rainfall/year, therefore, vegetative features, such as long white hairs on seedlings and on new growth close to the ground on mature plants, and waxy covering on adult foliage may be adaptations for survival in drought conditions (Leeson & Rozefelds 2003).
The results of germination experiments shows that O. reflexifolius produces large amounts of viable seed and germinates readily, however it does not appear to have a long period of seed viability (Leeson & Kirkpatrick 2004).
The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.
|Threat Class||Threatening Species||References|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ozothamnus reflexifolius (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008yq) [Conservation Advice].|
|Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Habitat alteration (vegetation, soil, hydrology) due to trampling and grazing by livestock||Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Ozothamnus reflexifolius (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008yq) [Conservation Advice].|
|Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence)||Commonwealth Listing Advice on Ozothamnus reflexifolius (Reflexed Everlasting) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2004e) [Listing Advice].|
|Geological Events:Avalanches/Landslides:Habitat modification due to landslides||Commonwealth Listing Advice on Ozothamnus reflexifolius (Reflexed Everlasting) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2004e) [Listing Advice].|
|Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity)||Commonwealth Listing Advice on Ozothamnus reflexifolius (Reflexed Everlasting) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2004e) [Listing Advice].|
Leeson, K.E. & A.C. Rozefelds (2003). A new endemic Ozothamnus species (Asteraceae) from Tasmania, Australia. Australian Systematic Botany. 16 (3):317-322.
Leeson, K.E. & J.B.Kirkpatrick (2004). Ecological and physiological explanations for the restriction of a Tasmanian species of Ozothamnus to a single population. Australian Journal of Botany. 52:39-45. [Online]. CSIRO. Available from: http://www.publish.csiro.au/?act=view_file&file_id=BT03076.pdf.
This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.
Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Ozothamnus reflexifolius in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 17 Apr 2014 08:55:13 +1000.