Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Bertya granitica
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice for Bertya granitica (a shrub) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2014df) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, the approved conservation advice for the species provides sufficient direction to implement priority actions and mitigate against key threats (29/04/2014).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Bertya sp. Beeron Holding (P.I.Forster 5753).
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (11/04/2007) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2007f) [Legislative Instrument] as Bertya granitica.
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Endangered (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list) as Bertya granitica
Scientific name Bertya granitica [78351]
Family Euphorbiaceae:Euphorbiales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Halford & R.J.F.Hend.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Austrobaileya 6(2): 206, fig. 4, map 12 (2002).
Other names Bertya sp. Beeron Holding (P.I.Forster 5753) [64661]
Bertya sp. Berron Holding (P.I.Forster 5753) [67395]
Bertya sp. (Beeron Holding PI.Forster+ PIF5753) [67466]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Bertya granitica is a branched shrub growing to 1 metre high (Halford & Henderson 2002).

This species is restricted to a small area near Mundubbera, in the Burnett district of south-eastern Queensland (BRI undated; Halford & Henderson 2002; Leverington et al. 2003). It is known only from three populations containing a total of 40 individuals (Leverington et al. 2003). The species has a range of approximately 8 km and occurs on leasehold land used for cattle production (D. Halford 2001, pers. comm.).

Bertya sp. Beeron Holding (P.I.Forster 5753) was formally described as Bertya granitica in 2002 (Halford & Henderson 2002).

It is most closely related to Bertya pinifolia but differs in its shorter and proportionally broader leaves, its generally larger female calyx lobes, its larger capsules and its larger seeds. B. granitica is also similar to Bertya recurvata and Bertya gummifera but differs in leaf shape and the appearance of the calyx lobes (Halford & Henderson 2002).

This species grows in shallow, sandy soils on exposed granite outcrops (BRI undated; Halford & Henderson 2002). Soils are weakly acidic and dark in colour due to high organic content. The climate is subtropical and subcoastal, with hot, moist summers and mild, dry winters (Leverington et al. 2003).

Surrounding vegetation is predominantly open forest or open woodland with an open to sparse shrub layer. In the upper stratum, co-dominant species include Eucalyptus exserta, Eucalyptus petalophylla and Eucalyptus dura, with Acacia grandifolia, Allocasuarina inophloia and Callitris endlicheri occurring occasionally. The understorey is diverse in composition and structure. Much of the area is dominated by Triodia pungens. Other frequent species are Leptospermum polygalifolium, Xanthorrhoea johnsonii, Acacia eremophiloides, Cleistochloa rigida, Pomax umbellata and an unidentified species of Aristida. A number of rare and undescribed plant species occur in the area (Leverington et al. 2003).

Weed invasion and soil degradation are minimal. The habitat of the area is considered to be in relatively undisturbed condition and the property has been considered for inclusion in the National Park estate (Leverington et al. 2003).

Flowers have been recorded from August to September, with fruits appearing from October (BRI undated; Halford & Henderson 2002). Plants are monoecious (having male and female flowers on the same plant) or rarely dioecious (having male and female flowers on different plants) (Halford & Henderson 2002).

The species has low genetic diversity and its genetic profile suggests that it has been geographically isolated from near relatives and has developed in isolation, possibly during the Quaternary period. Very little is known about the ecology of Bertya granitica (Leverington et al. 2003).

There appears to be a close relationship between seedling recruitment and fire (Leverington et al. 2003).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Bertya graniticain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006cb) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Bertya graniticain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006cb) [Internet].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Bertya graniticain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006cb) [Internet].

Halford, D.A. & R.J.F.Henderson (2002). Studies in Euphorbiaceae A.L.Juss. sens. lat. 3. A revision of Bertya Planch. (Ricinocarpeae Müll.Arg., Bertyinae Müll.Arg.). Austrobaileya. 6(2):187-245.

Leverington, A., R. Edgar & G. Gordon (2003). Multi-species recovery plan for Acacia eremophiloides, Acacia grandifolia, Acacia porcata, Bertya granitica and Newcastelia velutina 2003-2007. Page(s) 17. Qld Parks & Wildlife Service. Qld Environmental Protection Agency.

Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Bertya granitica in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Tue, 23 Sep 2014 06:55:16 +1000.