Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Critically Endangered as Gastrolobium luteifolium
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2009cm) [Conservation Advice].
 
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2009cn) [Listing Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, the approved conservation advice for the species provides sufficient direction to implement priority actions and mitigate against key threats (17/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (86) (17/11/2009) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2009f) [Legislative Instrument] as Gastrolobium luteifolium.
 
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Critically Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list) as Gastrolobium luteifolium
Scientific name Gastrolobium luteifolium [78405]
Family Fabaceae:Fabales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author (Domin) G.Chandler & Crisp
Infraspecies author  
Reference Chandler, G.R., Crisp, M.D., Cayzer, L.W. & Bayer, R.J. (2002) Australian Systematic Botany 15(5): 690, fig 118 (map)
Other names Nemcia luteifolia [37954]
Oxylobium luteifolium [63591]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://florabase.calm.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/20493

Scientific name: Gastrolobium luteifolium

Common name: Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium

The species is conventionally accepted as Gastrolobium luteifolium (Chandler et al. 2002).

Gastrolobium luteifolium was described by Domin in 1923 as Nemcia luteifolia (Domin 1923). In 2002, Chandler and colleagues synonymised Nemcia under Gastrolobium and as a result changed Nemcia luteifolia to Gastrolobium luteifolium.

The Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium is a tall, erect shrub that can grow to 2 m high (Western Australian Herbarium 2006). The flowers are red, and the flowering period is from September to November (WA CALM 2006). The flowers tend to hang down, allowing pollination by honeyeaters, which perch on the stem and probe the flowers for nectar. Seeds of the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium germinate following fire, and occasional fire is needed for recruitment (WA CALM 2006).

The Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium is endemic to Western Australia, and is known from one population within the Stirling Range National Park, approximately 70 km north-north-east of Albany. The extent of occurrence of the species and its area of occupancy are each estimated to be less than 1 km², indicating a very restricted geographic distribution (WA DEC 2006; TSSC 2009cm).

The species occurs within the Esperance Plains Interim Biogeographic Regionalisation for Australia Bioregions and the South Coast Natural Resource Management region (TSSC 2009cm).

The population size of the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium is approximately 15 500 mature plants. This figure was calculated using actual counts from population surveys undertaken in 2003, 2005 and 2008 (WA DEC 2009a).

The single known population of the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium occurs within the Stirling Range National Park. The National Park is not specifically managed for this species; however, the management plan for the Park has the protection and monitoring populations of threatened flora as one of its objectives (WA CALM 1999).

The Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium grows in skeletal sandy clay loam soils in shrubland on a mountain slope and summit in the Stirling Range National Park (WA CALM 2006; Western Australian Herbarium 2006).

The Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium is closely related to Gastrolobium vestitum, but differs in having undulate leaf margins (strongly recurved in G. vestitum), midrib of leaves becoming hairless (glabrous) (always with long soft hairs (villous) in G. vestitum), and generally larger flowers (Chandler et al. 2002).

The main identified threats to the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium are dieback caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi and inappropriate fire regimes (WA CALM 2006).

Dieback
The Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium is known to be susceptible to dieback caused by the root-rot fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi. The fungus causes the roots of susceptible plants to rot. The pathogen was located within dead Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium specimens sampled in 2000 (WA CALM 2006).

Inappropriate fire regimes
Inappropriate fire regimes may affect the long-term viability of the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium. Frequent fire would most likely destroy the population if it occurs before regenerating or juvenile plants reach maturity, produce seed and replenish the soil seed bank. However, occasional or infrequent fires are needed for recruitment, as the species has hard-coated seeds that germinate following fire (WA CALM 2006).

Minister's Reasons for Recovery Plan Decision
The approved conservation advice for the species provides sufficient direction to implement priority actions and mitigate against key threats. Therefore, a recovery plan is not considered to be necessary at this time.

The Commonwealth Conservation advice for Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium) (TSSC 2009cn) outlines the following research priorities:

  • Design and implement a monitoring program or, if appropriate, support and enhance existing programs.
  • More precisely assess population size, geographic distribution, ecological requirements, and the relevant impacts of threatening processes, including:
    • factors that trigger or influence seed production, germination and recruitment
    • factors that influence the levels of flower and fruit production for the species
    • the species' response to disturbance (e.g. fire regimes)
    • impacts of dieback caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi and phosphate application on the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium and its habitat
    • other relevant mortality and morphological data for the species.
  • Undertake survey work in suitable habitat and potential habitat during the September to November flowering period to locate any additional populations/occurrences/remnants.
  • Undertake seed germination and seedling establishment trials to determine the requirement for successful establishment.

In addition, the Commonwealth Conservation advice for Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium) (TSSC 2009cn) outlines the following priority actions:

  • Monitor known populations to identify key threats.
  • Minimise adverse impacts from land use at known sites.
  • Control access routes to suitably constrain public access to known sites on public land.
  • Monitor the progress of recovery, including the effectiveness of management actions and the need to adapt them if necessary.
  • Develop and implement a suitable fire management strategy for the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium.
  • Where appropriate, provide maps of known occurrences to local and state Rural Fire Services and seek inclusion of mitigative measures in bush fire risk management plans, risk register and/or operation maps.
  • Develop and implement suitable hygiene protocols to protect known sites from further outbreaks of dieback caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi.
  • If necessary, implement appropriate management actions to minimise the adverse impacts of existing Phytophthora cinnamomi infestations.
  • Raise awareness of the Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium within the local community. Provide fact sheets and identification information to visitors entering the Stirling Range National Park.
  • Maintain appropriate seed collection and storage.
  • Investigate options for linking, enhancing or establishing additional populations.
  • Implement national translocation protocols (Vallee et al. 2004) if establishing additional populations is considered necessary and feasible.

The Commonwealth Conservation advice for Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium) (TSSC 2009cn) provides a brief biological overview and management recommendations. In addition, the Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (DEWHA 2009w) and the Stirling Range and Porongurup National Parks Management Plan 1999-2009 (WA CALM 1999) are available.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation caused by marine invertebrates Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Commonwealth Listing Advice on Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2009cn) [Listing Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Listing Advice on Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2009cn) [Listing Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Other Ecosystem Modifications:Vegetation and habitat mortality caused by dieback Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].

Chandler, G.T., M.D. Crisp, L.W. Cayzer & R.J. Bayer (2002). Monograph of Gastrolobium (Fabaceae: Mirbelieae). Australian Systematic Botany. 15(5):619-739. Collingwood, Victoria: CSIRO Publishing.

Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA) (2009w). Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi. [Online]. Canberra; ACT: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/phytophthora.html.

Domin, K. (1923). Nemcia, a new genus of the Leguminosae. Presilia. 2:27-28.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2009cm). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Canberra, ACT: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/78405-conservation-advice.pdf.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2009cn). Commonwealth Listing Advice on Gastrolobium luteifolium (Yellow-leafed Gastrolobium). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Canberra, ACT: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/78405-listing-advice.pdf.

Vallee, L., T. Hogbin, L. Monks, B. Makinson, M. Matthes & M. Rossetto (2004). Guidelines for the translocation of threatened plants in Australia - Second Edition. Canberra, ACT: Australian Network for Plant Conservation.

Western Australia Department of Conservation and Land Management (WA CALM) (2006). Records held in CALM's Declared Flora Database and rare flora files. Perth, Western Australia: WA CALM.

Western Australian Department of Conservation and Land Management (WA CALM) (1999). Management Plan: Stirling Range National Park and Porongurup National Park 1999–2009.

Western Australian Department of Environment and Conservation (WA DEC) (2009a). Records held in DEC's Declared Flora Database and rare flora files. Perth, Western Australia: DEC.

Western Australian Herbarium (2006). Florabase - The Western Australian Flora. [Online]. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://florabase.calm.wa.gov.au/.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Gastrolobium luteifolium in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 1 Oct 2014 07:06:47 +1000.