Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Spyridium sp. Little Desert (N.G.Walsh 4767) Vic. Herbarium
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, this species had a recovery plan in force at the time the legislation provided for the Minister to decide whether or not to have a recovery plan (19/2/2007).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan] as Spyridium sp. (Little Desert).
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Spyridium sp. (Little Desert).
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (11/04/2007) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2007f) [Legislative Instrument] as Spyridium sp. Little Desert (N.G.Walsh 4767) Vic. Herbarium.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
VIC:Flora and Fauna Guarantee Action Statement 121-Forked Spyridium Spyridium sp. 1 (Victorian Department of Sustainability and Environment (Vic. DSE), 2008ai) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
VIC: Listed as Threatened (Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988 (Victoria): February 2014 list) as Spyridium sp. 1
Scientific name Spyridium furculentum [87544]
Family Rhamnaceae:Rhamnales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author W.R.Barker & Kellermann
Infraspecies author  
Reference Kellermann, J. & Barker, W.R., (2012) Revision of the Spyridium bifidum - S. halmaturinum complex (Rhamaceae: Pomaderreae) from South Australia and Victoria. Muelleria 30(1): 38-40, Figs 1m-q, 2 (map), 3d-e [tax. nov.]
Other names Spyridium sp. Little Desert (N.G.Walsh 4767) Vic. Herbarium [79013]
Spyridium sp. (Little Desert) [64977]
Spyridium sp. 1 [84621]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Shrub to c. 1.6 m high. Stem leaves are Y-shaped, pubescent underneath and the upper surfaces with scattered hairs initially but bcoming glabrous and warty (Walsh & Entwisle 1999).

A very rare western Victorian endemic, known only from the southern boundary of the Little Desert between Goroke and Dimboola in the Wimmera district (Walsh & Entwisle 1999).

In the order of 150 plants are known mostly in two populations on a roadside adjacent to farmland with approximately 30 plants occurring in a third population on private property (Victorian Workshop 2000, pers. comm.; N.G.Walsh 2004, pers. comm.). The sites are similar in topography and plant associations. Most of the native vegetation in this locality has been cleared for cereal cropping (N.G.Walsh 2004, pers. comm.).

Taxon typified by N.G.Walsh 4767 (N.G.Walsh 2004, pers. comm.) Also known as Spyridium sp. 1. Was previously recorded as S. bifidum; however true S. bifidum differs in having narrower, less deeply forked leaves that are glabrous or silky pubescent above (Walsh & Entwisle 1999). See Walsh & Entwisle (1999) for further details.

Grows in heathy mallee (Walsh & Entwisle 1999). Occurs on sandy rises supporting heathy woodland dominated by Eucalyptus arenacea. Common associated species include Astroloma conostephioides, Allocasuarina muelleriana, Brachyloma daphnoides, Callitris rhomboidea, Calytrix alpestris, C. tetragona, Grevillea aquifolium, Hibbertia sericea, Leucopogon ericoides, Persoonia juniperina and Phebalium stenophyllum (N.G.Walsh 2004, pers. comm.).

Flowers spring (Walsh & Entwisle 1999).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Agriculture and Aquaculture:Land clearing, habitat fragmentation and/or habitat degradation Spyridium sp. Little Desert (N.G.Walsh 4767) Vic Herbarium in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006uv) [Internet].
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Spyridium sp. Little Desert (N.G.Walsh 4767) Vic Herbarium in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006uv) [Internet].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Mechanical disturbance during construction, maintanance or recreational activities Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Competition and/or habitat degradation by weeds Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Poor recruitment (regeneration) and declining population numbers Spyridium sp. Little Desert (N.G.Walsh 4767) Vic Herbarium in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006uv) [Internet].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Forked Spyridium Spyridium species (Little Desert) - National Recovery Plan (Carter, O. & J. Downe, 2006) [Recovery Plan].

Carter, O. & J. Downe (2003). Recovery Plan for Spyridium sp. 1 (Forked Spyridium) 2004-2008. Page(s) 1-10. Arthur Rylah Institute, Melbourne. Environment Australia, Canberra.

Coates, F. &J.B. Kirkpatrick (1999). Is Geographic Range Correlated with Climatic Range in Australian Spyridium taxa?. Australian Journal of Botany. 47:755-767. [Online]. CSIRO Publishing. Available from: http://www.publish.csiro.au/?act=view_file&file_id=BT97066.pdf.

Victorian Workshop Participants (2000). Personal communication.

Walsh, N.G. (2004). Personal communication.

Walsh, N.G. & T.J. Entwisle. (eds) (1999). Flora of Victoria, Volume Four. Melbourne, Royal Botanic Gardens, Inkata.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Spyridium furculentum in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 31 Jul 2014 01:35:54 +1000.