Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Glyphis garricki
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bt) [Listing Advice].
 
Approved Conservation Advice for Glyphis garricki (northern river shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2014bk) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Policy Statements and Guidelines Survey guidelines for Australia's threatened fish. EPBC Act survey guidelines 6.4 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2011i) [Admin Guideline].
 
Marine bioregional plan for the North Marine Region (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012x) [Admin Guideline].
 
Information Sheets Tracking the movements of Freshwater Sawfish (Pristis microdon) and Northern River Sharks (Glyphis sp. C) in the Fitzroy River. Whitty, J.M., N.M. Phillips, D.L. Morgan, J.A. Chaplin, D.C. Thorburn & S.C. Peverell, eds. Habitat associations of Freshwater Sawfish (Pristis microdon) and Northern River Sharks (Glyphis sp. C): including genetic analysis of P. microdon across northern Australia. (Whitty, J.M., D.L. Morgan, D.C. Thorburn, T. Fazeldean & S.C. Peverell, 2008) [Information Sheet].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Inclusion of species in the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (24/09/2001) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2001d) [Legislative Instrument] as Glyphis sp. C.
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (72) (15/12/2008) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2008k) [Legislative Instrument] as Glyphis garricki.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NT:Threatened Species of the Northern Territory - Northern River Shark Glyphis garricki (Ward, S. & H. Larson, 2012) [Information Sheet].
Non-statutory Listing Status
IUCN: Listed as Critically Endangered (Global Status: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: 2013.1 list)
NT: Listed as Endangered (Indicative Conservation Status of Fish in the Northern Territory)
WA: Listed as P1 (Priority Flora and Priority Fauna List (Western Australia): April 2014 list)
Scientific name Glyphis garricki [82454]
Family Carcharhinidae:Carcharhiniformes:Chondrichthyes:Chordata:Animalia
Species author Compagno, White & Last 2008
Infraspecies author  
Reference Compagno, L.J.V., White, W.T. & Last, P.R. (2008) Glyphis garricki sp. nov., a new species of river shark from northern Australia and Papua New Guinea, with a redescription of Glyphis glyphis, pp 203-225.
Other names Glyphis sp. C [68445]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Marine bioregional plans have been developed for four of Australia's marine regions - South-west, North-west, North and Temperate East. Marine Bioregional Plans will help improve the way decisions are made under the EPBC Act, particularly in relation to the protection of marine biodiversity and the sustainable use of our oceans and their resources by our marine-based industries. Marine Bioregional Plans improve our understanding of Australia's oceans by presenting a consolidated picture of the biophysical characteristics and diversity of marine life. They describe the marine environment and conservation values of each marine region, set out broad biodiversity objectives, identify regional priorities and outline strategies and actions to address these priorities. Click here for more information about marine bioregional plans.

The Northern River Shark has been identified as a conservation value in the North (DSEWPaC 2012x) Marine Region. The "species group report card - sawfishes and river sharks" for the North (DSEWPaC 2012x) Marine Region provides additional information.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Biological Resource Use:Fishing and Harvesting Aquatic Resources:Habitat modification and negative impacts on species numbers due to recreational fishing Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bt) [Listing Advice].
Biological Resource Use:Fishing and Harvesting Aquatic Resources:Harvest by gill netting Conservation Overview and Action Plan for Australian Threatened and Potentially Threatened Marine and Estuarine Fishes (Pogonoski, J.J., D.A. Pollard & J.R. Paxton, 2002) [Cwlth Action Plan].
Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bt) [Listing Advice].
Biological Resource Use:Fishing and Harvesting Aquatic Resources:Illegal take Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bt) [Listing Advice].
Biological Resource Use:Fishing and Harvesting Aquatic Resources:Incidental capture and drowning by longline fishing Conservation Overview and Action Plan for Australian Threatened and Potentially Threatened Marine and Estuarine Fishes (Pogonoski, J.J., D.A. Pollard & J.R. Paxton, 2002) [Cwlth Action Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bt) [Listing Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality Conservation Overview and Action Plan for Australian Threatened and Potentially Threatened Marine and Estuarine Fishes (Pogonoski, J.J., D.A. Pollard & J.R. Paxton, 2002) [Cwlth Action Plan].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low fecundity, reproductive rate and/or poor recruitment Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bt) [Listing Advice].
Species Stresses:Indirect Species Effects:Low numbers of individuals Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2001bt) [Listing Advice].

Compagno, L.J.V., W.T. White & P.R. Last (2008). Glyphis garricki sp. nov., a new species of river shark (Characharhiniformes: Carcharhinidae) from Northern Australia and Papua New Guinea, with a rediscription of Glyphis glyphis (Müller & Henle, 1839). Last P.R., W.T. White & J.J. Pogonoski, eds. Descriptions of New Australian Chondrichthyans. CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research Paper 022.

Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC) (2011i). Survey guidelines for Australia's threatened fish. EPBC Act survey guidelines 6.4 . [Online]. EPBC Act policy statement. Canberra, ACT: DSEWPAC. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/publications/threatened-fish.html.

Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA) (2008). The North Marine Bioregional Plan: Bioregional Profile: A Description of the Ecosystems, Conservation Values and Uses of the North Marine Region. [Online]. Canberra: DEWHA. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/resource/north-marine-bioregional-plan-bioregional-profile-description-ecosystems-conservation.

Field, I.C., R. Charters, R.C. Buckworth, M.G. Meekan and C.J.A. Bradshaw (2008). Distribution and abundance of Glyphis and sawfishes in northern Australia and their potential interactions with commercial fisheries. Canberra: Commonwealth of Australia.

Fowler, S. (1997). River shark discovered in Sabah. Shark News, Newsletter of the IUCN Shark Specialist Group. 9:11.

Larson, H. (2000). Threatened fish profiles - Northern Speartooth Shark Glyphis sp. C. Australian Society for Fish Biology Inc. - Newsletter.

Last, P.R. (1999). Personal Communication.

Last, P.R. & J.D. Stevens (1994). Sharks and Rays of Australia. Melbourne, Victoria: CSIRO.

Pogonoski, J.J., D.A. Pollard & J.R. Paxton (2002). Conservation Overview and Action Plan for Australian Threatened and Potentially Threatened Marine and Estuarine Fishes. [Online]. Canberra, ACT: Environment Australia. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/publications/marine-fish-action/pubs/marine-fish.pdf.

Stevens, J.D., R.D. Pillans & J. Salini (2005). Conservation Assessment of Glyphis sp. A (Speartooth Shark), Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark), Pristis microdon (Freshwater Sawfish) and Pristis zijsron (Green Sawfish). [Online]. Hobart, Tasmania: CSIRO Marine Research. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/publications/pubs/assessment-glyphis.pdf.

Tanaka, S. (1991). Age estimation of freshwater sawfish and sharks in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Nature and Culture. 3:71-82.

Taniuchi, T. & M. Shimizu (1991). Elasmobranchs collected from seven river systems in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea. The University Museum, University of Tokyo, Nature and Culture. 3:3-10.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (2001bt). Commonwealth Listing Advice on Glyphis sp. C (Northern River Shark). [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/nth-river-shark.html.

Whitty, J.M., D.L. Morgan, D.C. Thorburn, T. Fazeldean & S.C. Peverell (2008). Tracking the movements of Freshwater Sawfish (Pristis microdon) and Northern River Sharks (Glyphis sp. C) in the Fitzroy River. Whitty, J.M., N.M. Phillips, D.L. Morgan, J.A. Chaplin, D.C. Thorburn & S.C. Peverell, eds. Habitat associations of Freshwater Sawfish (Pristis microdon) and Northern River Sharks (Glyphis sp. C): including genetic analysis of P. microdon across northern Australia. [Online]. Centre for Fish & Fisheries Research (Murdoch University) report to the Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts, Australian Government. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/coasts/publications/pubs/freshwater-sawfish-northern-river-shark.pdf.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Glyphis garricki in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 31 Jul 2014 14:27:34 +1000.