Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Banksia montana
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Stirling Range Dryandra (Dryandra montana) (Gilfillan, S., S. Barrett, R. Hartley & C. Yates, 2005) [Recovery Plan] as Banksia montana.
 
Other EPBC Act Plans Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, 2014a) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Dryandra montana.
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (72) (15/12/2008) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2008k) [Legislative Instrument] as Banksia montana.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
WA:Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20 (Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates, 1995) [State Action Plan].
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Critically Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list) as Banksia montana
Scientific name Banksia montana [82696]
Family Proteaceae:Proteales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author (C.A.Gardner ex A.S.George) A.R.Mast & K.R.Thiele
Infraspecies author  
Reference Mast, A.R. & Thiele, K. (2007) Australian Systematic Botany 20(1): 68
Other names Dryandra sp. Stirling Range (F.Lullfitz 3379) [56726]
Dryandra montana [64514]
Dryandra sp. (F. Lullfitz 3379; Stirling Range) [67235]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images
http://florabase.calm.wa.gov.au/browse/profile/32210

Erect woody shrub to 2.5 m (George 1996; Kershaw et al. 1997a; George 1999a).

Known from only a few populations from two mountain peaks in the Stirling Ranges National Park, WA (Brown et al. 1998). Originally distributed over a relatively large area in the late 1980's but later declined, probably due to the effects of Phytophthora and fire (Kershaw et al. 1997a).

In 1995 this species was thought to be confined to Bluff Knoll in the Stirling Ranges NP (Robinson & Coates 1995; George 1996, 1999a). The area was burnt in 1991 and is known to be affected by Phytophthora. Surveys of the area in Jan. and Apr. 1994 reported seven adults and five presumed seedlings in good condition (Robinson & Coates 1995). Kershaw et al. (1997a) reported 13 plants at this site in 1995. An additional eight plants were discovered, c. 200 m downslope from the previously known plants, in February 1996, giving a total population of 21 plants (Kershaw et al. 1997a).

Additional populations were discovered in Sept. and Oct. 1996, including one on another peak (Kershaw et al. 1997a).

Summary of population details as in Kershaw et al. (1997a):
1. Stirling Range - 22 plants in healthy condition
2. Stirling Range - 69 plants (61 adults, eight seedlings) in healthy condition
3. Stirling Range - 15 plants in healthy condition
Total population size: 106 plants (95 adults, 11 seedlings).

All of the populations are threatened by Phytophthora and inappropriate fire regimes (Kershaw et al. 1997a).

Grows on plateaux and peaks in rocky shallow brown loam on schist/quartz (Robinson & Coates 1995; George 1996; Kershaw et al.1997a; Brown et al. 1998; George 1999a). Occurs in very dense montane heath/kwongan, dominated by Kunzea montana, Banksia oreophila, Sphenotoma aff. dracophylloides, Darwinia collina, Hakea varia and Andersonia axilliflora (Robinson & Coates 1995; George 1996; Kershaw et al.1997a; Brown et al. 1998; George 1999a).

Plans lack a lignotuber. Flowers are yellow and flowering occurs in Jan. (George 1996, 1999a).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Agriculture and Aquaculture:Livestock Farming and Grazing:Grazing pressures and associated habitat changes Stirling Range Dryandra (Dryandra montana) (Gilfillan, S., S. Barrett, R. Hartley & C. Yates, 2005) [Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate Change and Severe Weather:Climate change altering atmosphere/hydrosphere temperatures, rainfall patterns and/or frequency of severe weather events Stirling Range Dryandra (Dryandra montana) (Gilfillan, S., S. Barrett, R. Hartley & C. Yates, 2005) [Recovery Plan].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Recreational Activities:Soil disturbance and/or trampling due to bushwalking Stirling Range Dryandra (Dryandra montana) (Gilfillan, S., S. Barrett, R. Hartley & C. Yates, 2005) [Recovery Plan].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Vegetation and habitat loss caused by dieback Phytophthora cinnamomi Banksia montanain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006bx) [Internet].
Threat abatement plan for disease in natural ecosystems caused by Phytophthora cinnamomi (Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts (DEWHA), 2009w) [Threat Abatement Plan].
Stirling Range Dryandra (Dryandra montana) (Gilfillan, S., S. Barrett, R. Hartley & C. Yates, 2005) [Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Banksia montanain Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006bx) [Internet].
Stirling Range Dryandra (Dryandra montana) (Gilfillan, S., S. Barrett, R. Hartley & C. Yates, 2005) [Recovery Plan].

Brown, A., C. Thomson-Dans & N. Marchant, eds. (1998). Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Como, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

George, A.S. (1996). New taxa and a new infrageneric classification in Dryandra R.Br. (Proteaceae: Grevilleoideae). Nuytsia. 10(3):313-408. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management.

George, A.S. (1999a). Dryandra. In: Orchard, A.E., H.S.Thompson & P.M. McCarthy, eds. Flora of Australia. 17B:251-363. Canberra, ACT and Melbourne, Victoria: ABRS and CSIRO.

Kershaw, K., E. Holland & A. Brown (1997a). Stirling Range Dryandra (Dryandra montana) Interim Recovery Plan 1996-1999. Wanneroo: WA CALM.

Robinson, C.J. & D.J. Coates (1995). Declared Rare & Poorly Known Flora in the Albany District. Western Australian wildlife management program no. 20. [Online]. Como, Western Australia: Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://www.dpaw.wa.gov.au/plants-and-animals/threatened-species-and-communities/threatened-plants.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Banksia montana in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Fri, 1 Aug 2014 10:02:59 +1000.