Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Critically Endangered as Leucopogon spectabilis
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Listing Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2010ae) [Listing Advice].
 
Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2010aq) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, the approved conservation advice for the species provides sufficient direction to implement priority actions and mitigate against key threats (13/07/2010).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (98) (13/07/2010) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2010h) [Legislative Instrument] as Leucopogon spectabilis.
 
State Listing Status
WA: Listed as Critically Endangered (Wildlife Conservation Act 1950 (Western Australia): September 2013 list) as Leucopogon spectabilis
Scientific name Leucopogon spectabilis [83012]
Family Epacridaceae:Ericales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Hislop & A.R.Chapm.
Infraspecies author  
Reference Hislop, M. & Chapman, A.R. (2007) Three new and geographically restricted species of Leucopogon (Ericaceae: Styphelieae) from south-west Western Australia. Nuytsia 17(1): 178-180, Figs 2, 4 [tax. nov.]
Other names Leucopogon sp. Helena & Aurora Range (B.J.Lepschi 2077) [83013]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The current conservation status of the Ironstone Beard-heath, Leucopogon spectabilis, under Australian and State Government legislation, is as follows:

National: Listed as Critically Endangered under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.

Western Australia: Listed as Declared Rare Flora under the Wildlife Conservation Act 1950.  This species is managed as Critically Endangered by the Western Australian Government. 

Scientific name: Leucopogon spectabilis

Common name: Ironstone Beard-heath

Conventionally accepted as Leucopogon spectabilis. Leucopogon sp. Helena & Aurora Range (B.J. Lepschi 2077) is a taxonomic synonym (Western Australian Herbarium 2006).

The Ironstone Beard-heath is an erect, narrow, and sparingly branched shrub that can grow to one metre high (Hislop & Chapman 2007). Young branchlets are light brown and hairless, with grey longitudinal bands developing on older wood. The bark, at maturity, is uniformly grey and fissured. The leaves are spirally arranged, directed upward, narrowly elliptic and 15–25 mm long and 3–5 mm across. Inflorescences (flowerheads) are erect with 14–32 white flowers (Hislop & Chapman 2007; Western Australian Herbarium 2006).

Endemic to Western Australia, Ironstone Beard-heath is known from four populations in the Helena and Aurora Range, approximately 180 km west-north-west of Kalgoorlie (WA DEC 2009). The species occurs within the Coolgardie IBRA Bioregion and the Avon Natural Resource Management region (TSSC 2010aq).

The extent of occurrence of the species is approximately 3 km2. The species' area of occupancy is unknown (WA DEC 2009a).

The estimated population size is approximately 900 mature plants (WA DEC 2009a).

Ironstone Beard-heath grows in skeletal, red-brown loam soil, among cracks in banded ironstone outcrops on ridge crests (Western Australian Herbarium 2006).

Associated open shrubland species include Yilgarn Dryandra (Banksia arborea), Calycopeplus paucifolius and Pungent Honey-myrtle (Melaleuca leiocarpa). Also, Ironstone Beard-heath is often found alongside the nationally threatened species Bungalbin Tetratheca (Tetratheca aphylla) (Hislop & Chapman 2007).

Flowering occurs from August to October, though timing and duration of flowering events are suggested to be dependent on seasonal rainfall (Hislop & Chapman 2007; Western Australian Herbarium 2006).

Mining and exploration activities are the key threats to Ironstone Beard-heath with exploration activities occurring in close proximity to the species. Mining operations have the potential to disturb and destroy habitat, spread weeds and pollute ground water and soil (WA DEC 2009a). Inappropriate fire regimes are also a threat to the species. A potential threat could be posed by the arrival of goats in the area (Hislop & Chapman 2007).

Minister's Decision to not have a Recovery Plan

There should not be a recovery plan for Ironstone Beard-heath as the approved conservation advice for the species provides sufficient direction to implement priority actions and mitigate against key threats.

Commonwealth Conservation Advice

Refer to the Commonwealth Conservation Advice (TSSC 2010aq) for information on research priorities and recovery priority actions to mitigate threats including habitat loss, disturbance and modification, weeds and fire. Raising awareness of the species and enabling recovery of additional populations are also encouraged in the Advice. 

Management documentation relevant to Leucopogon spectabilis includes:

  • Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (TSSC 2008aq).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat damage caused by exploration drilling Commonwealth Listing Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2010ae) [Listing Advice].
Energy Production and Mining:Mining and Quarrying:Habitat destruction, disturbance and/or modification due to mining activities Commonwealth Listing Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2010ae) [Listing Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Capra hircus (Goat) Commonwealth Listing Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2010ae) [Listing Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Commonwealth Listing Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2010ae) [Listing Advice].

Hislop, M. & A.R. Chapman (2007). Three new and geographically restricted species of Leucopogon (Ericaceae: Styphelioideae: Styphelieae) from south-west Western Australia. Nuytsia. 17(1):165-184.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2010ae). Commonwealth Listing Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Canberra, ACT: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/83012-listing-advice.pdf.

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC) (2010aq). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Leucopogon spectabilis (Ironstone Beard-heath). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Canberra, ACT: Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/83012-conservation-advice.pdf.

Western Australian Department of Environment and Conservation (WA DEC) (2009a). Records held in DEC's Declared Flora Database and rare flora files. Perth, Western Australia: DEC.

Western Australian Herbarium (2006). Florabase - The Western Australian Flora. [Online]. Perth, Western Australia: Department of Conservation and Land Management. Available from: http://florabase.calm.wa.gov.au/.

EPBC Act email updates can be received via the Communities for Communities newsletter and the EPBC Act newsletter.

This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Leucopogon spectabilis in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Sat, 12 Jul 2014 23:12:51 +1000.