Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Boronia deanei
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Boronia deanei (Deane's Boronia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008aw) [Conservation Advice].
 
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, included on the Not Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Other EPBC Act Plans National Recovery Plan for Natural Temperate Grassland of the Southern Tablelands (NSW and ACT): An Endangered Ecological Community (Environment ACT, 2006) [Recovery Plan] as Boronia deanei.
 
Threat Abatement Plan for Predation, Habitat Degradation, Competition and Disease Transmission by Feral Pigs (Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH), 2005p) [Threat Abatement Plan].
 
Policy Statements and Guidelines EPBC Act policy statement 3.5 - White box - yellow box - Blakely's red gum grassy woodlands and derived native grasslands (Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH), 2006r) [Admin Guideline].
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Boronia deanei.
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Deane's Boronia - profile (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2005ar) [Internet].
NSW:Persoonia acerosa - profile (NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (NSW OEH), 2012g) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Vulnerable (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013) as Boronia deanei
Scientific name Boronia deanei [8397]
Family Rutaceae:Sapindales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Maiden & E.Betche
Infraspecies author  
Reference Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales 31: 731 (Mar. 1907).
Other names Boronia deanii [64843]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Other illustrations Google Images
http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/gnp9/boronia-deanei.html

Scientific name: Boronia deanei

Common name: Deane's Boronia

Conventionally accepted as Boronia deanei (CHAH 2012).

Deane's Boronia is an erect shrub, growing to 0.2–1.5 m in height (Harden 1991) with clusters of one to three white to bright pink four-petalled flowers carried towards the end of pedicles (stems) (Duretto 2003). Each flower is approximately 1 cm in width. The crowded leaves are strongly aromatic and divided into narrow, paired leaflets, that are linear to linear-obovate (egg-shaped) in shape, 4–12 mm in length, 0.5–2 mm in width, are pointed at the tip, have a smooth upper surface and have a prominently glandular-warty lower surface (NSW OEH 2012; PlantNET 2012). Plants near Fitzroy Falls also have flowers in the angles where leaves meet the stems (NSW OEH 2012).

Deane's Boronia is found in scattered locations in the higher Blue Mountains, north of Clarence and Kanangra-Boyd National Park in New South Wales (NSW). The species also has an isolated occurrence at Fitzroy Falls, and south to near the Victorian border in the Nalbaugh National Park (Duretto 2003; Fairley & Moore 2000; NSW OEH 2012; Ollerenshaw 1979).

Deane's Boronia was known to grow profusely in Morton National Park near Bundanoon. However, after high intensity bushfires in the 1960s, the species was much less common (Highlands NSW 2010).

The species is in cultivation at the Australian National Botanic Gardens in Canberra (where specimens have grown to 2 m in height) and in the Adelaide and Melbourne Botanic Gardens. Deane's Boronia is also commercially cultivated as a garden plant (Fairley & Moore 2000; Meredith & Richardson 1990; Ollerenshaw 1979).

Deane's Boronia is known from Budderoo National Park, Kanangra-Boyd National Park, Morton National Park and Nalbaugh National Park (Briggs & Leigh 1990).

The species grows on the margins of high altitude swamps (Ollerenshaw 1979), in wet heath (Harden 1991) and in drier open forest (Duretto 2003) on low nutrient, poorly drained peaty soils on sandstone or granite (Benson & McDougall 2001).

The distribution of this species overlaps with the White Box-Yellow Box-Blakely's Red Gum Grassy Woodland and Derived Native Grassland (listed as Critically Endangered under the EPBC Act), the Natural Temperate Grassland of the Southern Tablelands of NSW and the Australian Capital Territory (listed as Endangered under the EPBC Act) and the Temperate Highland Peat Swamps on Sandstone (listed as Endangered under the EPBC Act) ecological communities.

Flowering has been observed from August to November (Harden 1991; Fairley & Moore 2000) and fruits in December (Duretto 2003). Although the canopy of Deane's Boronia is killed by fire, it resprouts from root suckers and basal sprouts after fire events (Auld 2001).

Deane's Boronia is easily distinguished from other plant species of NSW by the simple, terete (cylindrical) leaves and the small ring of minute swellings surrounding the glands on the stems and leaves (Duretto 2003).

The main identified threats to Deane's Boronia include (NSW OEH 2012):

  • Feral Pigs (Sus Scrofa) that cause direct damage both to the species itself, and to its swamp and stream bank habitat.
  • Habitat loss and/or fragmentation through clearing of riparian zones in rural residential developments.
  • Frequent burning that causes localised extinction.

Potential threats to the species include unintentional impacts on populations from development and land management activities and changes to hydrology (NSW OEH 2012).

The NSW Office of the Environment and Heritage (NSW OEH 2012) has identified the following actions that may assist in recovery of Deane's Boronia:

  • Undertake Pig control.
  • Inform local government, Rural Fire Service and National Parks and Wildlife Service staff about populations to ensure that plants are considered when fire suppression activities are planned.
  • Avoid burning populations before new seed has been produced by plants.
  • Searches should be conducted in suitable habitat in Budderoo, Morton and South East Forests National Parks and proposed developments on private land on the upper Kangaroo River and Endrick River.
  • Undertake monitoring of populations affected by fire.

Management documents for Deane's Boronia can be found at the start of this profile. Other documents that may be relevant to the species include:

  • Budderoo National Park, Macquarie Pass National Park, Barren Grounds Nature Reserve and Robertson Nature Reserve Plan of Management (NSW NPWS 1998).
  • Budderoo National Park, Macquarie Pass National Park, Barren Grounds Nature Reserve and Robertson Nature Reserve Amendments to the 1998 Plan of Management (NSW NPWS 2004).
  • Kanangra-Boyd National Park Fire Management Strategy (NSW NPWS 2006).
  • Kanangra-Boyd National Park Plan of Management (NSW NPWS 2001).
  • Morton National Park, Budawang National Park Plan of Management (NSW NPWS 2001a).
  • Threat Abatement Plan for Predation, Habitat Degradation, Competition and Disease Transmission by Feral Pigs (AGDEH 2005p).
  • National Recovery Plan for Natural Temperate Grassland of the Southern Tablelands (NSW & ACT) (Environment ACT 2006).
  • EPBC Act policy statement 3.5 - White box - Yellow box - Blakely's red gum grassy woodlands and derived native grasslands (DEH 2006r).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Boronia deanei (Deane's Boronia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008aw) [Conservation Advice].
Invasive and Other Problematic Species and Genes:Invasive Non-Native/Alien Species:Grazing, tramping, competition and/or habitat degradation Sus scrofa (Pig) The threat posed by pest animals to biodiversity in New South Wales (Coutts-Smith, A.J., P.S. Mahon, M. Letnic & P.O. Downey, 2007) [Management Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Dams and Water Management/Use:Alteration of hydrological regimes and water quality Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Boronia deanei (Deane's Boronia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008aw) [Conservation Advice].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Boronia deanei (Deane's Boronia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008aw) [Conservation Advice].
Residential and Commercial Development:Residential and Commercial Development:Habitat modification (clearance and degradation) due to urban development Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Boronia deanei (Deane's Boronia) (Threatened Species Scientific Committee, 2008aw) [Conservation Advice].

Auld, T.D. (2001). The ecology of the Rutaceae in the Sydney region of south-eastern Australia: Poorly known ecology of a neglected family. Cunninghamia. 7(2):213-239. [Online]. Available from: http://www.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0008/58526/Cun7Aul213.pdf.

Australian Government Department of the Environment and Heritage (AGDEH) (2005p). Threat Abatement Plan for Predation, Habitat Degradation, Competition and Disease Transmission by Feral Pigs. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/tap/pig.html.

Benson, D. & L. McDougall (2001). Ecology of Sydney plant species: Part 8 Dicotyledon families Rutaceae to Zygophyllaceae. Cunninghamia. 7(2):241-462. [Online]. Sydney: Royal Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/58556/Cun7Ben241.pdf. [Accessed: 25-Sep-2008].

Briggs, J.D. & J.H. Leigh (1990). Delineation of Important Habitats of Threatened Plant Species in South-Eastern New South Wales. Canberra: Australian Heritage Commission.

Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH) (2012). Australian Plant Census. [Online]. Australian National Herbarium, Australian National Botanic Gardens and Australian Biological Resources Study . Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/cgi-bin/apclist.

Department of the Environment and Heritage (DEH) (2006r). EPBC Act policy statement 3.5 - White box - yellow box - Blakely's red gum grassy woodlands and derived native grasslands. [Online]. DEH: Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/epbc/publications/box-gum.html.

Duretto, M.F. (2003). Notes on Boronia (Rutaceae) in eastern and northern Australia. Lebel, T. & M. Duretto, eds. Muelleria. 17:19-135. Melbourne: Royal Botanic Gardens.

Environment ACT (2006). National Recovery Plan for Natural Temperate Grassland of the Southern Tablelands (NSW and ACT): An Endangered Ecological Community. [Online]. Canberra, ACT: Environment ACT. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/temperate-grasslands/index.html.

Fairley, A. & P. Moore (2000). Native Plants of the Sydney District, An Identification Guide. Roseville, NSW; Kangaroo Press.

Harden, G.J. (ed.) (1991). Flora of New South Wales, Volume Two. Kensington, NSW: University of NSW Press.

Meredith, L.D. & M.M. Richardson (1990). Rare or Threatened Australian Plant Species in Cultivation in Australia. Report Series No. 15. Page(s) 1-114. Canberra: Australian National Parks and Wildlife Service.

New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2004). Budderoo National Park, Macquarie Pass National Park, Barren Grounds Nature Reserve and Robertson Nature Reserve Amendments to the 1998 Plan of Management. [Online]. Department of Environment and Climate Change. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/parks/PoMamendfinalBudderooNPEtal.pdf.

New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (1998). Budderoo National Park, Macquarie Pass National Park, Barren Grounds Nature Reserve and Robertson Nature Reserve Plan of Management. [Online]. Department of Environment and Climate Change. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/parks/pomFinalMortonBudawang.pdf.

NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW) (2005ar). Deane's Boronia - profile. [Online]. Available from: http://www.threatenedspecies.environment.nsw.gov.au/tsprofile/profile.aspx?id=10097.

NSW National Park and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2006). Kanangra Boyd National Park Fire Management Strategy. Department of Environment and Climate Chanage.

NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2001a). Morton National Park, Budawang National Park Plan of Management. [Online]. Department of Environment and Conservation. Available from: http://www2.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/PDFs/pom_final_morton_budawang.pdf. [Accessed: 10-May-2008].

NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service (NSW NPWS) (2001u). Kanangra Boyd National Park Plan of Management. [Online]. Department of Environment and Climate Change. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/resources/parks/pomFinalKanangra.pdf.

NSW Office of Environment and Heritage (NSW OEH) (2012g). Persoonia acerosa - profile. [Online]. Available from: http://www.environment.nsw.gov.au/threatenedspecies/.

Ollerenshaw, P.J. (1979). Australian National Botanic Gardens: Growing Native Plants - Boronia deanei. [Online]. Canberra: Australian National Botanic Gardens. Available from: http://www.anbg.gov.au/gnp/gnp9/boronia-deanei.html.

PlantNET (2012). The Plant Information Network System. [Online]. Sydney, Australia: The Royal Botanic Gardens and Domain Trust. Available from: http://plantnet.rbgsyd.nsw.gov.au.

The Southern Highlands of NSW (Highlands NSW) (2010). Natural Attractions Flora & Fauna. [Online]. Available from: http://www.highlandsnsw.com.au/nature/nativeflora_fauna/index.html. [Accessed: 26-Apr-2012].

Threatened Species Scientific Committee (2008aw). Commonwealth Conservation Advice on Boronia deanei (Deane's Boronia). [Online]. Department of the Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/species/pubs/8397-conservation-advice.pdf.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Boronia deanei in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Thu, 24 Apr 2014 01:57:26 +1000.