Biodiversity

Species Profile and Threats Database


For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
 
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Endangered as Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (Benwell 97239)
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan required, included on the Commenced List (1/11/2009).
 
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010l) [Recovery Plan] as Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwell & J.B.Williams 97239).
 
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwell & J.B.Williams 97239).
 
Amendment to the list of threatened species under section 178, 181 and 183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (Cth) (160) (Commonwealth of Australia, 2014h) [Legislative Instrument] as Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (Benwell 97239).
 
State Government
    Documents and Websites
NSW:Melichrus sp. Gibberagee species profile (NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (DECC), 2005f) [Internet].
NSW:Melichrus sp.Gibberagee (a shrub) - endangered species listing. NSW Scientific Committee - final determination (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 1999f) [Internet].
State Listing Status
NSW: Listed as Endangered (Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 (New South Wales): December 2013 list) as Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwell & J.B.Williams 97239)
Scientific name Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (Benwell 97239) [86881]
Family Ericaceae:Ericales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author NSW Herbarium
Infraspecies author  
Reference  
Other names Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwell & J.B.Williams 97239) [64931]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

The Narrow-leaf Melichrus is a small shrub, about 1 m tall. It has open branches but the prickly, bright-green foliage is quite compact. The crowded, upward-pointing leaves are narrow, up to 1.4 mm wide, with sharply pointed tips and parallel veins. In spring, narrow urn-shaped, white or yellowish flowers are produced; their insides densely hairy. The tips of the petals have a tuft of hair and lack the little hood that other Melichrus species have. The fruit is round and fleshy, 4 mm in diameter, with a hard seed (DECC 2005f).

The Narrow-leaf Melichrus is endemic to northeastern NSW in the Upper North East Comprehensive Regional Assessment forest region (Maas & Passioura 1999). It is only known from a single population in compartment 118, Gibberagee State Forest, and adjacent private property, about 40 km south of Casino. The entire population occurs over an area of around 1 km².

The Narrow-leaf Melichrus population consists of approximately 1700 individuals (NSW NPWS 1999c).

It is likely that the species has suffered reductions in distribution and population size as a result of previous clearing (NSW NPWS 1999c).

The Narrow-leaf Melichrus' habitat is low-altitude dry eucalypt forest on gentle slopes. It is found mainly in grassy forests under tall spotted gum and ironbarks (J.B. Williams 2000, pers. comm.).

The Department of the Environment and Climate Change lists the following as threats to the species (DECC 2005f):

  • Frequent fire
  • Clearing or land development
  • Timber harvesting activities
  • Road-works
  • Risk of extinction because populations are small.

The Australian Natural Resources Atlas lists wide scale vegetation clearing and land development as a cause of lost habitat for the species (ANRA 2007).

Recent research from 2006 lists the weed Lantana, Lantana camara, as a threat to the Narrow-leaf Melichrus (Coutts-Smith & Downey 2006).

The DECC lists the following as potential threat abatement and recovery options (DECC 2005f):

  • Investigate threats, particularly inappropriate fire regimes and develop recovery strategies.
  • Identify roadside populations and protect them during road works.
  • Protect areas of known and potential habitat from development.
  • Protect known habitat from timber harvesting activities.
  • Inform the DECC of any new locations of Narrow-leaf Melichrus.

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat disturbance due to foresty activities Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Biological Resource Use:Logging and Wood Harvesting:Habitat loss, modification and degradation due to timber harvesting Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwelll & J.B.Williams 97239) in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006qf) [Internet].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Climate Change and Severe Weather:Habitat Shifting and Alteration:Habitat loss, modification and/or degradation Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Loss and/or fragmentation of habitat and/or subpopulations Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwelll & J.B.Williams 97239) in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006qf) [Internet].
Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human Intrusions and Disturbance:Human induced disturbance due to unspecified activities Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwelll & J.B.Williams 97239) in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006qf) [Internet].
Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan (NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW), 2010p) [State Recovery Plan].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate prescribed regimes and/or vegetation management to control fire regimes Species threats data recorded on the SPRAT database between 1999-2002 (Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities (DSEWPaC), 2012i) [Database].
Transportation and Service Corridors:Roads and Railroads:Development and/or maintenance of roads Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (A.S.Benwelll & J.B.Williams 97239) in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006qf) [Internet].

Australian Natural Resource Atlas (ANRA) (2007). Biodiversity Assessment NSW North Coast. [Online]. Available from: http://www.anra.gov.au/topics/vegetation/assessment/qld/ibra-nnc-species-threats.html. [Accessed: 01-Jul-2008].

Coutts-Smith, A.J. & P.O. Downey (2006). Impact of weeds on threatened biodiversity in New South Wales. Impact of weeds on threatened biodiversity in New South Wales. [Online]. Available from: http://www.weeds.crc.org.au/documents/tech_series_11.pdf. [Accessed: 01-Jul-2008].

Maas, S. & J. Passioura (1999). Response to Disturbance of Forest Species: Upper North East and Lower North East Regions. NSW CRA/RFA Steering Committee, Sydney.

NSW Department of Environment and Climate Change (DECC) (2005f). Melichrus sp. Gibberagee species profile. [Online]. Available from: http://www.threatenedspecies.environment.nsw.gov.au/tsprofile/profile.aspx?id=10521. [Accessed: 01-Jul-2008].

NSW Department of Environment, Climate Change and Water (NSW DECCW) (2010l). Northern Rivers Regional Biodiversity Management Plan. [Online]. Coffs Harbour, New South Wales: DECCW. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/threatened/publications/recovery/northern-rivers.html.

NSW Scientific Committee (NSW NPWS) (1999c). Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (a shrub) - endangered species listing. Final determination. [Online]. NSW National Parks & Wildlife Service, Hurstville. Available from: http://www.nationalparks.nsw.gov.au/npws.nsf/Content/Melichrus+sp+Gibberagee+a+shrub+-+endangered+species+listing.

Williams, J.B. (2000). Personal Communication. Armidale, University of New England.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Melichrus sp. Gibberagee (Benwell 97239) in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: http://www.environment.gov.au/sprat. Accessed Wed, 3 Sep 2014 17:58:29 +1000.