Species Profile and Threats Database

For information to assist proponents in referral, environmental assessments and compliance issues, refer to the Policy Statements and Guidelines (where available), the Conservation Advice (where available) or the Listing Advice (where available).
In addition, proponents and land managers should refer to the Recovery Plan (where available) or the Conservation Advice (where available) for recovery, mitigation and conservation information.

EPBC Act Listing Status Listed as Vulnerable as Acacia eremophiloides
Listing and Conservation Advices Commonwealth Conservation Advice for Acacia eremophiloides (Threatened Species Scientific Committee (TSSC), 2014cc) [Conservation Advice].
Recovery Plan Decision Recovery Plan not required, the approved conservation advice for the species provides sufficient direction to implement priority actions and mitigate against key threats (29/04/2014).
Adopted/Made Recovery Plans
Federal Register of
    Legislative Instruments
Declaration under s178, s181, and s183 of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 - List of threatened species, List of threatened ecological communities and List of threatening processes (Commonwealth of Australia, 2000) [Legislative Instrument] as Acacia eremophiloides.
State Listing Status
QLD: Listed as Vulnerable (Nature Conservation Act 1992 (Queensland): May 2014 list) as Acacia eremophiloides
Scientific name Acacia eremophiloides [9280]
Family Fabaceae:Fabales:Magnoliopsida:Magnoliophyta:Plantae
Species author Pedley & P.Forster
Infraspecies author  
Reference Austrobaileya 2 (24 Jul. 1986) 277, figs 1, 2.
Other names Racosperma eremophiloides [30499]
Distribution map Species Distribution Map

This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge. See map caveat for more information.

Illustrations Google Images

Acacia eremophiloides is a resinous shrub to 2.5 m high with slender branchlets (Pedley & Forster 1986; Orchard & Wilson 2001).

Restricted to a small area in the Burnett Pastoral District of south-eastern Qld. The species grows 46 km south-south-west of Gayndah and 45 km south-east of Mundubbera and has a distributional range of less than 10 km. It occurs as a number of discontinuous populations on leasehold and freehold land currently used for cattle grazing, and may be locally common. (BRI undated; Pedley & Forster 1986).

The species is known only from the northern part of Beeron Holding where there are at least 10 populations containing a total of more than 5000 individuals ((Leverington et al. 2003).

Formally described in 1986, it is closely allied to A. ixodes but differs in having thicker, more resinous phyllodes with translucent margins and midribs, and more elongated pods (Pedley & Forster 1986). It is also related to A. gnidium and A. hockingsii but differs in the size and shape of its phyllodes (Orchard & Wilson 2001).

The species occurs at altitudes between 460-550 m on exposed rocky granite ridges in shallow, sandy, well-drained, weakly acidic soils (Pedley & Forster 1986). The climate is subtropical and subcoastal, with hot, moist summers and mild, dry winters (Leverington et al. 2003).

Associated species include Hibiscus sp. (Barambah Creek), Leptospermum neglectum, Trachymene procumbens, Hybanthus monopetalus, Hoya australis, Hibbertia linearis and Psilotum nudum (Pedley & Forster 1986). A. eremophiloides also occurs with Newcastelia velutina and Acacia porcata (Halford, D. 2001, pers. comm.).

Surrounding vegetation is predominantly open forest or open woodland with an open to sparse shrub layer. In the upper stratum, Eucalyptus exserta, Eucalyptus petalophylla and Eucalyptus dura dominate, with Acacia grandifolia, Allocasuarina inophloia and Callitris endlicheri occurring occasionally. The understorey is diverse in composition and structure. Much of the area is dominated by Triodia pungens. Other frequent species are Leptospermum polygalifolium, Xanthorrhoea johnsonii, Acacia eremophiloides, Cleistochloa rigida, Pomax umbellata and an unidentified species of Aristida (Leverington et al. 2003).

Weed invasion and soil degradation are minimal. The habitat of the area is considered to be in relatively undisturbed condition (Leverington et al. 2003).

Flowers recorded Aug. and Sept; mature fruits Nov. (BRI undated; Pedley & Forster 1986).

There appears to be a close relationship between seedling recruitment and fire. Factors affecting seed production may also influence recruitment of A. eremophiloides. Plants produced no seed at observed sites over two successive years, although they flowered profusely. This may be due to climatic conditions, or may be the result of low genetic diversity. It is suspected that the species usually seeds irregularly (Leverington et al. 2003).

The species has low genetic diversity. Its genetic profile suggests that the species has been geographically isolated from near relatives, has developed in isolation, possibly during the Quaternary period, and has adapted to relatively harsh edaphic conditions (Leverington et al. 2003).

The following table lists known and perceived threats to this species. Threats are based on the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) threat classification version 1.1.

Threat Class Threatening Species References
Ecosystem/Community Stresses:Indirect Ecosystem Effects:Restricted geographical distribution (area of occupancy and extent of occurrence) Acacia eremophiloides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006g) [Internet].
Natural System Modifications:Fire and Fire Suppression:Inappropriate and/or changed fire regimes (frequency, timing, intensity) Acacia eremophiloides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006g) [Internet].
Protected status:Protected status:Lack of secure conservation land tenure Acacia eremophiloides in Species Profile and Threats (SPRAT) database (Department of the Environment and Heritage, 2006g) [Internet].

Leverington, A., R. Edgar & G. Gordon (2003). Multi-species recovery plan for Acacia eremophiloides, Acacia grandifolia, Acacia porcata, Bertya granitica and Newcastelia velutina 2003-2007. Page(s) 17. Qld Parks & Wildlife Service. Qld Environmental Protection Agency.

Orchard, A.E. & A.J.G. Wilson (eds) (2001). Flora of Australia, Volume 11A, Mimosaceae, Acacia Part 1.

Pedley, L. & Forster, P.I. (1986). Acacia eremophiloides (Mimosaceae). A new species from south-eastern Queensland. Austrobaileya. 2(3):277-280.

Queensland Herbarium (2008b). Unpublished data.

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This database is designed to provide statutory, biological and ecological information on species and ecological communities, migratory species, marine species, and species and species products subject to international trade and commercial use protected under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (the EPBC Act). It has been compiled from a range of sources including listing advice, recovery plans, published literature and individual experts. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure the accuracy of the information, no guarantee is given, nor responsibility taken, by the Commonwealth for its accuracy, currency or completeness. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information contained in this database. The information contained in this database does not necessarily represent the views of the Commonwealth. This database is not intended to be a complete source of information on the matters it deals with. Individuals and organisations should consider all the available information, including that available from other sources, in deciding whether there is a need to make a referral or apply for a permit or exemption under the EPBC Act.

Citation: Department of the Environment (2014). Acacia eremophiloides in Species Profile and Threats Database, Department of the Environment, Canberra. Available from: Accessed Fri, 19 Sep 2014 20:38:48 +1000.