Farmers and the national environment law (EPBC Act)

Complying with the national environment law

Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

The department recognises the important role farmers, agricultural organisations and natural resource managers play in protecting our environment.

Farmers need to know about Australia’s national environment law as some agricultural activities may need federal government approval. This could be in addition to state or local government approvals.

National environment law protects matters that are of national environmental significance. Those most relevant to farmers are:

  • nationally threatened and migratory species
  • nationally threatened ecological communities
  • wetlands of international importance
  • world and national heritage properties, and
  • the Great Barrier Reef.

New farm activities, such as land clearing, may require approval from the federal environment minister under national environment law.

If you are unsure, it is best to check by calling the Department on 1800 110 395. You should also check state and local governments’ approval requirements.

Protected matters on your farm

National environment law only applies to matters of national environmental significance. You can check if there are likely to be protected matters on or near your property by using the environment reporting tool.

Do I need federal approval for all my farming activities?

No. You can continue routine farm activities without approval if they began before national environment law was introduced in July 2000. Only new farm activities that are likely to have a significant impact on a protected matter may need approval.

Will my activity have a significant impact?

Whether or not the impacts of an activity are significant depends on several factors, including how long the impact will last and the sensitivity of a nationally protected matter. Guidelines are available at

If you are unsure, you should check, otherwise you may accidentally break the law.

How do I get approval?

If you think your activity could have a significant impact on a protected matter, or you just want to be certain that it won’t, you will need to refer your actions to the federal environment Department. A referral form is available at

Once referred the department will notify you within 20 business days whether or not approval is required, and if so how it will be assessed.

What happens if I break the law?

If you think you may have broken the law, it is best to contact the federal environment Department as soon as possible to explain what has happened. The Department may be able to work cooperatively with you to repair any damage to the environment.

The department investigates all alleged breaches of the law and takes compliance very seriously. Not knowing the law or your obligations under it is not an excuse. There can be significant penalties for non-compliance with the law including gaol terms and penalties of up to $5.5 million.

Can I get government assistance?

There are several programs to help farmers and others manage our natural resources and nationally protected matters, such as threatened species and ecological communities. You can contact the Department for more information.

About the legislation

Applying the Act

Notices and lists


Resource list

Information for farmers

Policy statements for protected matters

Fact sheets

Grasslands and woodlands

Key threatening processes

Other publications relating to the EPBC Act