Nuclear actions are:
- establishing or significantly modifying a nuclear installation
- transporting spent nuclear fuel or radioactive waste products arising from reprocessing
- establishing or significantly modifying a facility for storing radioactive waste products arising from reprocessing
- mining or milling uranium ores, excluding operations for recovering mineral sands or rare earths
- establishing or significantly modifying a large-scale disposal facility for radioactive waste. A decision about whether a disposal facility is large scale will depend on factors including:
- the activity of the radioisotopes to be disposed of
- the half-life of the material
- the form of the radioisotopes
- the quantity of isotopes handled
- decommissioning or rehabilitating any facility or area in which an activity described above has been undertaken
- any other type of action set out in the EPBC Regulations.
Protecting the environment from nuclear actions
The EPBC Act recognises the protection of the environment from nuclear actions as a matter of national environmental significance.
A nuclear action will require approval if it has, will have, or is likely to have a significant impact on the environment. Nuclear actions should be referred to the Minister and undergo an environmental assessment and approval process.
- Assessment and approval process
- Protected matters search tool — use the tool to find matters of national environmental significance in your area of interest
- Significant impact guidelines — matters of national environmental significance