The primary shipwreck site of the HMS Sirius is in Commonwealth waters, south east of Kingston Pier in Slaughter Bay, Norfolk Island. The HMS Sirius was the guardian or Flag Ship of the First Fleet during its 15 000 mile, six month journey from England to Australia in 1787-1788. It was also the main form of defence for the colony of New South Wales and their primary supply line and communication link with Great Britain. The HMS Sirius sank on 19 March 1790. The archaeological remains of the HMS Sirius are the only known remains of a vessel of the First Fleet.
The HMS Sirius was added to the National Heritage List on 25 October 2011, the 225th anniversary of the commissioning of the HMS Sirius and the appointment of Arthur Philip as Captain and commander of the First Fleet. The shipwreck of the HMS Sirius is the 97th place to be included in the National Heritage List.
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