A conservation overview of Australian non-marine lichens, bryophytes, algae and fungi

Caution: archived content

This content may have been superseded, or served a particular purpose at a particular time. It may contain references to activities or policies that have no current application. Many archived documents may link to web pages that have moved or no longer exist, or may refer to other documents that are no longer available.

G.A.M. Scott, T.J. Entwisle, T.W. May & G.N. Stevens
Environment Australia, May 1997
ISBN 0 6422 1399 2

Appendix B – Endangered species and their critical habitat (continued)

Note: These are suggested classifications proposed by the authors of this document. Literature references are listed under the appropriate chapter of the main text.

Algae

Extinct, endangered, vulnerable or potentially vulnerable taxa of algae

X = extinct, not found during recent research
E = endangered, found only once
V= vulnerable, found at only two or three sites
P = potentially vulnerable, known from several sites, usually some distance apart, but habitat could be threatened

Red Algae (Rhodophyta)

P Ptilothamnium umbracolens
Known only from type locality in Lamington Natl Park, Qld, and in spite of extensive collecting along east coast not found elsewhere. Originally described in its own (endemic) genus Anfractutofilum. Cribb 1965a.

P Psilosiphon scoparium
Endemic genus known from two widely separated areas-Barren Grounds Bird Reserve near Robertson, N.S.W., and Frankland and Arthur Ranges in SW Tas. Although not threatened in either area, any alteration to water quality (eutrophication) or quantity (dams) would make it vulnerable. Extensive collecting in the Robertson area has not revealed any more than one site containing this taxon. Entwisle 1989a.

P Batrachospermum diatyches
Tasmanian endemic known from three isolated localities. One was on the beach of the original Lake Pedder, so even though sites are in reserves the populations are potentially vulnerable. Entwisle 1992

Yellow-Green Algae (Chrysophyta)

P Celoniella aff.
Undescribed taxon, possible endemic in Australia. Restricted to streams near the summit of Mt Kosciusko, N.S.W. Appears to retract up streams in summer and presumably has a very small range during warmer months. Although mostly in a national park, it would be vulnerable to any change in water temperature or quality. Andersen & Entwisle (unpub.)

V Chrysonephele palustris
Endemic genus restricted to one locality (Golden Cloud Swamp) in Tasmania. Any change to water quality or quantity could wipe out the taxon. Pipes et al. 1989.

P Vaucheria bicornigera
Known from a few scattered localities across Victoria but all on disturbed sites (e.g. farmland stream verges). Entwisle 1988.

Dinoflagellates (Pyrrhophyta)

P Prorocentrum foveolata
Originally discovered in N.S.W. but unlikely to exist there any more. Recently redescribed from Tasmania (Ling et al. 1989a), where rare, and found on Clarke Island (Bass Strait) and in lagoons near Peterborough (Vic.). Habitats all susceptible to change Tyler (unpub.)

Taxa reported since 1950 and collected once or few times in Australia

This list of additional taxa almost certainly overstates the case for many taxa that eventually will be proved common. Until such data are forthcoming, however, it should act as a catalyst for further collecting and taxonomic work. Many new Chrysophyte and Dinoflagellate taxa have been discovered in recent years (e.g. see Ling et al. 1989a; Croome et al. 1988) which are restricted in distribution but do not fall within the categories defined here. Nevertheless, such taxa should be monitored and perhaps listed at some later stage.

The following symbols (based on Briggs & Leigh 1989) are used:

K = Poorly known but, from the extremely limited number of times collected (usually once) or extremely limited known range, possibly at risk. A lowercase code indicates the taxon is apparently rare in Australia but possibly more widespread overseas. Some taxa listed with uppercase letter may be found overseas but information not readily available.
1 = type collection only.
2 = maximum geographical range 100 km, very restricted (includes plants collected more than once only at the type locality).
3 = range more than 100 km, only in small populations.

Taxon Distribution Reference Code
Chlorophytes
Charophytes
Chara ecklonii var. albaniensis S.A. Wood 1972 1K
Lychnothamnus barbatus Qld Wood 1972  3k
Nitella acuminata Qld Wood 1972 3k
Nitella hookeri var. arthroglochin N.S.W., Vic. Casanova 1993 3K
Nitella pseudoflabellata var. confusa Qld Wood 1972 1K
Nitella tumida S.A., N.S.W. Wood 1972 3K
Desmids
Closterium cynthia f. punctatum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium askenasyi f. latum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Croasdale & Scott
2K
Cosmarium blyttii var. quaternigranulatum N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Cosmarium conspersum N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Cosmarium contractum var. pachydermum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 2K
Cosmarium cylindricoideum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium difficile f. laeve N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium glyptodermum var. tuberculatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium granatum f. scrobiculatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium margaritatum f. pyramidatum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium multigranulatum  S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium oenpelliense N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium ophelii S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium perigranulatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium protomphalum var. angulare S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium pseudoarmatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Croasdale & Scott 1976
2K
Cosmarium pseudoquadratulum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium pyriforme N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 3K
Cosmarium pyriforme f. reductum N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Cosmarium quadrifarium f. trifidum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium rectangulare var. australe f. multigranulatum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium rectangulare var. subhexagonum f. granulatum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium rotundum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium spechtii N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium subcostatum f. bituberculatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium subtumidum var. pachydermum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Cosmarium taxichondrum var.undulatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Cosmarium venustum var. excavatum f. latum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Desmidium aptogonum f. quinquangulare N.T. Croasdale & Prescott 1976 1K
Docicium baculum var. inflatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Croasdale & Scott 1976
2K
Euastrum acanthophorum var. asymmetricum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958  
Croasdale & Scott 1976
2K
Euastrum acanthophorum f. latius N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Euastrum ansatum var. laeve N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum bidentatum var. bioculatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum binale var. borgei N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum borgeanum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 2K
Euastrum cuneatum var. solum f. punctatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum didelta var. bengalicum f. minus N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Ling & Tyler 1986
2K
Euastrum deplostauron var. yirrkallense N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum divergens var. rhodesiense f. coronulum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum exile var. triporum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum intermedium var. poriferum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Croasdale & Scott 1976
2K
Euastrum intermedium var. speciosum N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Euastrum latipediforme N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Euastrum longicolle var. capitatum f. minus N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum luetkemuelleri var. laterepunctatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum (Micrasterias) moebii f. diplocanthylum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Ling & Tyler 1986
2K
Euastrum (Micrasterias) moebii f. extensa N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum (Micrasterias) moebii f. insolitum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 2K
Euastrum obesum var. extensum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum obesum var. tetmemoroides N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Euastrum pseudojenneri N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum sinuosum var. scrobiculatum f. oculum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum turneri var. australiense N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Euastrum turneri var. australiense f. extremum N.T.  Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Euastrum sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Euastrum sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Euastrum sp. 3 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Micrasterias alata var. parallela N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Micrasterias apiculata var. lacerata f. australiensis N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Micrasterias ceratophora N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 3k
Micrasterias ceratophora f. maxima N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Micrasterias lux var. spinosa N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Micrasterias mahabulashwarensis var. ampullacea f. australiensis S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Micrasterias mahabulashwarensis var. tetradonta N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Micrasterias radians var. bogoriensis f. gracilior N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Micrasterias rotata var. simplicior N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Micrasterias sol var. elegantior N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 3k
Micrasterias tropica var. polonica f. australiensis N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Micrasterias zeylanica var. wallichiana f. biconvexa N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Micrasterias sp. nov. N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Onchonema laeve var. oscitans N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Penium sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Penium sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Pleurotaenium australianum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 2K
Pleurotaenium burmense var. curtum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Pleurotaenium sp. nov. N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Sphaerozosma sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Sphaerozosma sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Sphaerozosma sp. 3 N.T Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Spinoclosterium cuspidatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 3K
Staurastrum anatinoides N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum bicorne var. longebrachiatum f. evolutum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum bilobum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum boergesenii var. gracilius N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Staurastrum brachioprominens var. inflatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum cerastes var. coronatum f. inflatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Croasdale & Scott 1976
3K
Staurastrum clepsydra var. minimum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 2K
Staurastrum crenulatum var. continentale f. mammiferum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Staurastrum cyclacanthum var. submanfeldtoides N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum dickiei var. circulare f. bifidum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum gracile f. minimum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Staurastrum gutwinskii f. reductum N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Staurastrum nigrae-silvae var. trispinatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum oenpelliense N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum ophiura var. horizontale  N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum pelagicum var. bifidum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum pseudosebaldii f.latum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 2K
Staurastrum pseudosuecicum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 2K
Staurastrum rectangulare var. verrucosum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 2K
Staurastrum rosei N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 3k
Staurastrum rosei var. elongatum N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Staurastrum sagittarium var. longispinum N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Staurastrum sagittarium var. scottii N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Staurastrum sebaldii var. ornatum f. bifidum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum subgrande var. convexum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum triprocessum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum yirrkallense N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum zahlbruckneri var. africanum f. granulatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurastrum zonatum f. verrucicinctum  N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Staurastrum sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 3 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 4 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 5 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 6 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 7 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 8 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 9 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 10  N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurastrum sp. 11 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurodesmus (Arthrodesmus) apiculatus N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Croasdale & Scott 1976
2K
Staurodesmus (Arthrodesmus) furcatospermus N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurodesmus gibberulus var. mucronatus f. bimucronatus N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976
Ling & Tyler 1986
2K
[?Staurodesmus] Arthrodesmus phimus f. convexus S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
[?Staurodesmus] Arthrodesmus phimus var. occidentalis f. minimissimus S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
[?Staurodesmus] Arthrodesmus spechtii N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
[?Staurodesmus] Arthrodesmus subulatus f. incrassatus N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Staurodesmus sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurodesmus sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurodesmus sp. 3 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Staurodesmus sp. 4 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Streptonema trilobatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 3K
Tetmemorus euastroides N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958
Croasdale & Scott 1976
2K
Triploceras gracile f. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Triploceras gracile f. 2 N.T., N.S.W. Ling & Tyler 1986 3K
Triploceras gracile f. 3 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Xanthidium armatum var. depressum S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Xanthidium caulfieldii N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Xanthidium inchoatum f. reductum N.T Croasdale & Scott 1976 2K
Xanthidium scottii N.T. Croasdale & Scott 1976 1K
Xanthidium simplicius var. pseudosmithii S.A. Prescott & Scott 1952 1K
Xanthidium sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Xanthidium sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Various
Geminella crenulatocollis f. filamentosa N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Geminella sp. nov. N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Gongrosira cavernicola Qld Cribb 1965b 1K
Netrium sp. nov. N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Oedocladium tiffanyanum Qld Cribb 1956  1K
Oedogonium acrosporum var. punctatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Oedogonium brasiliense f. seriatum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Oedogonium pseudomitratum N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Oedogonium spechtii   N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Schizochlamys ?sp. nov.  N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Tetraedron hastatum var. simplex N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Tetraedron hastatum var. triangulare N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Tetraedron rectangulare N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Trentepohlia odorata var. compacta Qld Cribb 1964 1K
Trentepohlia odorata var. unilateralis Qld Cribb 1964 2K
Waerniella lucifuga var. australis Qld Cribb 1965b 1K
Chrysophytes
Diatoms
Achnanthes cotterienses A.C.T Foged 1978 2K
Achnanthes reidensis Qld Foged 1978 1K
Achnanthes sp. 1 N.T. Thomas 1983 2K
Campyloneis/Cyclotella sp. N.T. Thomas 1983 1K
Cyclotella wolterecki  N.T. Thomas 1983 3k
Eunotia ballinaensis SW Foged 1978 1K
Eunotia didyma var. maxima N.T. Thomas 1983 1K
Eunotia ossa nom. nud. N.T. Brady 1979 2K
Eunotia diodon var. inflata nud.nom. N.T. Brady 1979 2K
Fragilaria punctata W.A. John 1981 2K
Frustulia jajaensis nom. nud. N.T. Brady 1979 2K
Hyalodiscus sp. nov. S.A. Ling et al. 1989b 2K
Neidium reimeri W.A. John 1981 1K
Pinnularia magnaconvexa W.A. John 1981 2K
Synurophytes
Synura australiensis Australia Croome & Tyler 1985 3K
Tribophytes
Vaucheria gardneri Vic. Entwisle 1988 3k
Euglenoids
Euglena sp. nov. N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Phacus sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Phacus sp. 2   N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Strombomonas sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Strombomonas sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Strombomonas sp. 3   N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Strombomonas sp. 4 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Trachelomonas sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Trachelomonas sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 2K
Blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria)
Calothrix australiensis N.T. Scott & Prescott 1958 1K
Glaucocystis sp. nov.   N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Gomphosphaeria aponina var. multiplex f. nov. S.A. Ling et al. 1989 1K
Merismopedia sp. nov. N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Oscillatoria sp. 1 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Oscillatoria sp. 2 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K
Oscillatoria sp. 3 N.T. Ling & Tyler 1986 1K