Action Plan for Australian Marsupials and Monotremes
Wildlife Australia, December 1996
ISBN 0 6422 1395 X
Disagreements about Red List Category
In one case a person asked to comment on the drafts disagreed with the Red List category that was allocated.
Ms Deborah Tabart, on behalf of the Australian Koala Foundation (AKF), disagreed with the assignment of the Koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) to LR(nt). She advised that it is the view of the Foundation that this species is Vulnerable, if not Endangered. In June 1995, the AKF provided AMMSG with a copy of a nomination of the Koala for listing in Schedule 1, Part 1 (Species that are Endangered), of the Endangered Species Protection Act 1992. In a letter dated 28 November 1995 to AMMSG, the AKF stated that "the currently perceived decline of Koalas from a national perspective is more than adequate to meet criterion A of the IUCN criteria, most certainly as they relate to the category of Vulnerable. Indeed, based on that information provided below, there may well be grounds for arguing that the criteria for the Endangered category have also been met." The AKF then provided summaries of the status of the Koala in Victoria, New South Wales and Queensland but did not provide an assessment of its national status based on the IUCN Criteria.
The status of the Koala was carefully considered by participants at the workshop who concluded that it did not meet any of the IUCN Criteria for Vulnerable, but did meet two of our criteria for Lower Risk (near threatened), ie, criterion a (reduced area of occupancy and/or extent of occurrence) and criterion c (declined in abundance). The chair of the workshop, Dr Andrew Burbidge, abstained from the discussion and decision, since, as a member of the Endangered Species Scientific Subcommittee, he was at the time considering nominations of the Koala for Schedules of the Endangered Species Protection Act.
On 25 January 1996, after receiving a draft of the Taxon Summary for the Koala, Ms Tabart wrote to the Editors expressing her concern at the assessment of LR(nt) and reiterating the AKF's view, as stated in the November 1995 letter, that the species should be listed as Vulnerable.
Recovery Outlines and Taxon Summaries
Recovery Outlines are provided for all taxa listed as Extinct in the Wild, Critically Endangered, Endangered and Vulnerable. Briefer 'Taxon Summaries' are provided for taxa listed as Lower Risk (conservation dependent), Lower Risk (near threatened), and Data Deficient.
Recovery Outlines provide estimated costs of staff and other resources for recovery to be carried out. These are based on the best information provided to the editors, but should be considered as a guide, rather than being definitive. Detailed costs will be worked out as Recovery Plans and research proposals are developed. A summary of the estimated cost of implementing this Action Plan is provided at Appendix G.
Aplin K.P. and Archer M. 1987. Recent advances in marsupial systematics with a new syncretic classification. Pp. xv-lxxii in M. Archer (Ed.) Possums and Opussums: studies in evolution. Surrey Beatty and Sons and the Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Australia.
Archer M. 1976. Revision of the marsupial genus Planigale Troughton (Dasyuridae). Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 17, 342-365.
Archer M. 1982. Review of the dasyurid (Marsupalia) fossil record, integration of data bearing on phylogenetic interpretation and suprageneric classification. In: M. Archer (Ed.). Carnivorous Marsupials. Vol. 2. Royal Zoological Society of New South Wales, Sydney.
Burbidge A.A., Johnson K.A., Fuller, P.J., and Southgate R.I. 1988. Aboriginal knowledge of the mammals of the central deserts of Australia. Australian Wildlife Research 15, 9-39.
Dickman C.R., King D.H., Adams M. and Baverstock P.R. 1988. Electrophoretic identification of a new species of Antechinus (Marsupalia: Dasyuridae) in south-eastern Australia. Australian Journal of Zoology 36, 455-463.
Eldridge M.D.B. and Close R.L. 1992. Radiation of chromosome shuffles. Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 3, 915-922.
Eldridge M.D.B. and Close R.L. 1993. Taxonomy of rock wallabies, Petrogale (Marsupalia: Macropodidae). I. A revision of the eastern Petrogale with the description of three new species. Australian Journal of Zoology 40, 605- 625.
Groves C.P. and Flannery T. 1990. Revision of the families and genera of bandicoots. Pp. 1-11 in J. Seebeck, P.R Brown, R.L. Wallis and C.M. Kemper Bandicoots and bilbies. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW and the Australian Mammal Society.
IUCN 1994. IUCN Red List categories. Prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Johnstone P.G. and Sharman G.B. 1976. Studies on populations of Potorous Desmarest (Marsupalia) I. Morphological variation. Australian Journal of Zoology 24, 573-588.
Jones F. Wood 1923. The Mammals of South Australia. Part I. The Monotremes and the Carnivorous Marsupials. Government Printer, Adelaide.
Kennedy M. (compiler) 1992. Australasian Marsupials and Monotremes, an Action Plan for their conservation. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland.
Kerle J.A., McKay G.M. and Sharman G.B. 1991. A systematic analysis of the Brushtail Possum Trichosurus vulpecula (Kerr, 1792) (Marsupalia: Phalangeridae). Australian Journal of Zoology 39, 313-331.
Kitchener D.J. 1988. A new species of false antechinus (Marsupalia: Dasyuridae) from the Kimberley, Western Australia. Records of the Western Australian Museum 14, 61-71.
Kitchener D.J. 1991. Pseudantechinus mimulus (Thomas, 1906) (Marsupalia, Dasyuridae): rediscovery and redescription. Records of the Western Australian Museum 15, 191-202.
Kitchener D.J., Stoddart J. and Henry J. 1984. A taxonomic revision of the Sminthopsis murina complex (Marsupalia, Dasyuridae) in Australia, including descriptions of four new species. Records of the Western Australian Museum 2, 201-248.
Kitchener D.J. and Caputi N. 1988. A new species of false antechinus (Marsupalia: Dasyuridae) from Western Australia, with remarks on the generic classification within the Parantechini. Records of the Western Australian Museum 14, 35-59.
Lynam A.J. 1987. Inbreeding and juvenile dispersal in insular populations of two dasyurid marsupials; the Dibbler, Parantechinus apicalis, and the Grey-bellied Dunnart Sminthopsis griseoventer. BSc(Hons) thesis, University of Western Australia, Perth (unpublished).
McKay G.M. 1995. Greater Glider Petauroides volans. Pp 240-241 in R. Strahan (Ed.) The Mammals of Australia. Reed Books, Sydney.
Millsap B.A., Gore J.A., Runde D.E. and Cerulean S.I. 1990. Setting priorities for the conservation of fish and wildlife species in Florida. Wildlife Monographs 111, 1-57.
Poole W.E., Wood J.T. and Simms N.G. 1991. Distribution of the Tammar, Macropus eugenii, and the relationships of populations as determined by cranial morphometrics. Wildlife Research 18, 625-639.
Robinson N.A., Murray N.D. and Sherwin W.B. 1993. VNTR loci reveal differentiation between and structure within populations of the Eastern Barred Bandicoot Perameles gunnii. Molecular Ecology 2, 195-207.
Russell R. 1995. Yellow-bellied Glider Petaurus australis. Pp. 226-228 in R. Strahan (Ed.) The mammals of Australia. Reed Books, Chatswood, NSW.
Sanson G.D. 1995. Nabarlek Peradorcas concinna. Pp. 371-372 in R. Strahan (Ed.) The mammals of Australia. Reed Books, Chatswood, NSW.
Smith A. 1984. Species of living possums and gliders. Page ix in A. Smith and I. Hume (Eds) Possums and gliders. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Chipping Norton, NSW.
Strahan R (Ed.) 1995. The mammals of Australia. Reed Books, Chatswood, NSW.
Van Dyck S. 1985. Sminthopsis leucopus (Marsupalia: Dasyuridae) in north Queensland rainforest. Australian Mammalogy 8, 53-60.
Van Dyck S. 1993. The taxonomy and distribution of Petaurus gracilis (Marsupalia: Petauridae), with notes on its ecology and conservation status. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 33, 77-122.
Van Dyck S., Woinarski J.C.Z. and Press A.J. 1994. The Kakadu Dunnart, Sminthopsis bindi (Marsupalia: Dasyuridae), a new species from the stony woodlands of the Northern Territory. Memoirs of the Queensland Museum 37, 311-323.
van Oorschot R.A.H. and Cooper D.W. 1988. Limited allozymic variation in a marsupial, the Tammar Wallaby (Macropus eugenii). Biochemical Genetics 26, 481-488.
Walton D.W. (Ed.) 1988. Zoological Catalogue of Australia. Vol. 5 Mammalia. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
Young R. 1995. Population differentiation in the Burrowing Bettong, Bettongia lesueur. Determined using restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP's) of the mitochondrial genome. Honours thesis, Department of Genetics and Human Variation, La Trobe University, Victoria (unpublished).