National recovery plan for the Downy Wattle (Acacia pubescens)
NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service
Environment Australia, February 2003
ISBN 0 7313 6504 6
11. Reservation/Protection Status
Only a small proportion of sites of A. pubescens have any reservation or protection status. These sites are:
- Scheyville National Park (sites HA7a, HA9b, HA10b and HA14);
- Windsor Downs Nature Reserve (HA16);
- sites at Mountain Lagoon (HA2), Pleasure Point (LV7), Campbell Hill Pioneer Park (PA3) and Duck River Reserve (PA5), which are zoned for environmental protection;
- two sites owned by the Sydney Catchment Authority within Prospect Reservoir (BL1 and BL2) which are being managed for nature conservation.
In order to ensure the survival of the species in the long term, it is essential that a larger proportion of sites are managed primarily for conservation, to reduce the effects of one of the greatest threats to the species - habitat loss. Sites on public land will be targeted for increased protection, given the land management role of public authorities and given socio-economic considerations. Negotiations will also occur with relevant interested private landholders, to increase the protection status of sites on private land.
To ensure that a representative sample of A. pubescens populations occurring on public and private lands are protected from habitat loss and managed for conservation.
Legislative protection of sites may be achieved though a number of mechanisms, such as acquisition by NPWS, rezoning for conservation, entering into voluntary conservation agreements, property management plans or joint management agreements, preparing development control plans or placing covenants over lands to prevent development.
The number of sites that are afforded greater legislative protection is increased from 11 sites to 18* sites within the first 5 years (ie. by 2008). The sites to be protected will be distributed across the total range of the species, to maximise conservation of genetic diversity.
* This target is based on the number of sites that the NPWS believes could be afforded legislative protection within the first 5 years, as they have high conservation significance, provide a realistic opportunity for protection (based on tenure) and are located in areas which are currently under-represented in terms of protected sites. It does not represent the minimum number of sites required to ensure the survival of the species or indicate the only sites that should be managed or indicate that other sites are not significant.
The NPWS will identify sites which are of high conservation significance and which also provide realistic opportunities for protection. The assessment of significance will take into account features such as size of habitat, numbers of individuals recorded, quality of habitat and the corridor value of the site. A large percentage of known sites (66%) are currently on lands under public ownership and therefore should provide opportunities for protecting sites.
This action will be undertaken once there is a clearer indication of the genetic variability of the species (i.e. after work has been carried out in accordance with action 13.3.1).
Based on current knowledge, the sites that would be targeted for reservation would include (but not be restricted to):
|BN5a||Carysfield Park||Bankstown City Council|
|BN17a||Louisa Reserve||Bankstown City Council|
|BN17b||The Crest of Bankstown||Bankstown City Council|
|BN19||Norfolk Reserve||Bankstown City Council|
|BN20||Lansdowne Park||Bankstown City Council|
|BN30||Montgomery Reserve||Bankstown City Council|
|SU1||Menai||Sutherland Shire Council|
|1 see Appendix 1 for explanation of site codes|
Once action 11.3.1 is completed, the NPWS will carry out negotiations to increase the protection of identified sites on public land.
The NPWS will liaise with private landholders to emphasise the conservation significance of populations of A. pubescens occurring on or adjacent to their properties. The NPWS will also seek to achieve greater protection of populations on private land, using a variety of mechanisms (eg. property management plans, voluntary conservation agreements). The precise nature of management arrangements will depend largely on the circumstances and co-operation of private land holders.