Daphnandra sp. C Illawarra (Illawarra Socketwood) Recovery Plan

Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW), 2005
ISBN: 1 7412 2144 7

Appendix 5: Threat assessment for Daphnandra sp. C ‘Illawarra’ sites

The following threat assessment for D. sp. C ‘Illawarra’ sites has been undertaken to provide direction to decision makers as to where the recovery effort for the species will be most effectively applied. The assessment is based primarily on the zoning and tenure of sites although adjustments have been made where site specific knowledge, regarding sites that are subject to conservation agreements for example, allows. The assessment is based on available data in September 2004.

For this assessment, threats have been categorised into the following classes developed by Keith et al. (1997):

  • Class I threats are processes capable of causing a sudden, substantial and irreversible loss of individuals or habitat. An example is vegetation clearance followed by land-use change, such as residential development.
  • Class II threats are processes capable of causing gradual, substantial and possibly irreversible loss of individuals or habitat. Examples include habitat degradation due to overgrazing or weed invasion. These processes may be reversible but mitigation may be technically difficult or expensive to achieve.

High risk

High risk sites are those sites that are considered to be at greatest risk from Class I threats. This category contains all sites that are located within 100 metres of areas identified as containing state significant mineral resources and those that are threatened by road construction proposals.

Recovery actions at high risk sites should focus on reducing the risk from Class I threats. This can be achieved by increasing the level of legislative protection afforded these sites through mechanisms including the negotiation of conservation agreements and in the preparation of environmental planning instruments. The implementation of on-ground threat abatement works at high risk sites is not recommended until the risk from Class I threats is reduced.

Site Code Location LGA Stems Tenure Zoning
Dc14 Actephila Gully Shellharbour 168 Freehold 7d
Dc20 Flying Fox Gully Shellharbour - Freehold 1a
Dc39 Toolijooa 4 Kiama - Freehold 7e

Moderate risk

Moderate risk sites are those sites that are considered to be at a low to moderate risk of Class I threats and are primarily at risk from Class II threats. This category contains sites that are zoned rural and which occur outside the area of State significant mineral resources. It also contains sites that are zoned for environmental protection but are not located within crown reserves, council reserves or national parks.

Recovery actions at these sites should focus on reducing the risk from Class I. This can be achieved by increasing the level of legislative protection afforded these sites through mechanisms including the negotiation of conservation agreements and in the preparation of environmental planning instruments. Recovery actions should also aim to address Class II threats. This can be achieved through liaison with landholders to encourage land-use change and to prevent inadvertent damage to the species. On-ground threat abatement works should be implemented where the landholder indicates a desire to assist in the recovery program.

Site Code Location LGA Stems Tenure Zoning
Dc1 Lower Avondale Wollongong 8 Freehold 7b
Dc2 Upper Avondale Wollongong 109 Freehold 7b
Dc3 Marshall Mount Wollongong 90 Freehold 7b
Dc4 Calderwood North Wollongong - Freehold 7b
Dc5 Calderwood South 1 Shellharbour - Freehold 1a
Dc6 Calderwood South 2 Shellharbour - Freehold 1a
Dc7 Shortland Gully Shellharbour 2560 (e) Freehold 1a
Dc8 Yellow Rock Shellharbour 1 Freehold 7e
Dc9 Stockyard Mountain Shellharbour - Freehold 7e
Dc10 Curramore Kiama >1106 Freehold 1a/7e
Dc11 North Curramore Kiama 12 Freehold 1a
Dc12 Croom Road North Shellharbour 1200 (e) Freehold 7d
Dc13 Croom Road South Shellharbour 26 Freehold 7d
Dc16 Whispering Gallery Shellharbour 18 Freehold 1a
Dc18 Tootawallin Gully Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc19 North Jamberoo Kiama - Freehold 1a
Dc22 Spring Creek Kiama - Freehold 1a
Dc23 Bland Street Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc24 Old Saddleback Road Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc25 Jerrara Kiama - Freehold 1a
Dc26 Jamberoo Road Kiama - Freehold 1a
Dc28 South Saddleback Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc29 Taballa Kiama - Freehold 1a
Dc30 Irwins Creek Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc31 Broughton Vale Shoalhaven - Freehold 7(d1)
Dc32 Foxground Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc33 Scarborough Wollongong 391 Freehold 7a
Dc34 Toolijooa 1 Kiama - Freehold 1a
Dc35 Jerrara Dam Kiama - KMC 1a
Dc36 Boona Ridge Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc37 Toolijooa 2 Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc38 Toolijooa 3 Kiama - Freehold 7e
Dc41 Alne Bank Kiama 237 Freehold 7e

Low risk

Low risk sites are those sites that are considered to be primarily at risk from Class II threats. This category includes sites that are located in national parks, crown reserves, or council reserves. It also includes privately owned lands that are subject to Voluntary Conservation Agreements (VCAs) under the National Parks & Wildlife 1974 or Registered Property Agreements (RPAs) under the Native Vegetation Conservation Act 1997. Recovery actions at these sites should focus on addressing the Class II threats through liaison with landholders and the implementation of on-ground threat abatement works in accordance with plans of management and site management statements.

Site Code Location LGA Stems Tenure Zoning
Dc15 Blackbutt Shellharbour 15 SCC 1c
Dc17 Minnamurra Rainforest 2 Kiama 105 DEC 8a
Dc21 WillowCreek Kiama 11 Freehold 1a
Dc27 Minnamurra Rainforest 1 Kiama 64 DEC 8a
Dc40 Minnamurra Rainforest 3 Kiama 335 DEC 8a