Daphnandra sp. C Illawarra (Illawarra Socketwood) Recovery Plan

Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW), 2005
ISBN: 1 7412 2144 7

9 Proposed Recovery Objectives, Actions and Performance Criteria

The overall objective of this recovery plan is to provide for the continued and long-term survival of D. sp. C Illawarra in the wild by preventing the loss of populations of the species.

The specific recovery objectives are:

  • To prevent the loss of sites through land-use change;
  • To identify and manage the threats operating at sites that contain the species;
  • To provide the community with information that assists in conserving the species;
  • To raise awareness of the species and involve the community in the recovery program;
  • To establish the extent of the current distribution of the species;
  • To promote research that will assist with the management of the species; and
  • To maintain an ex-situ seed collection for the species.

Specific Objective 1: To prevent the loss of sites through land-use change

The vast majority of D. sp. C Illawarra sites occur on land that is not managed primarily for conservation purposes. This objective aims to increase the legislative protection afforded these sites and protect them from the direct and indirect impacts of land-use change through the following mechanisms:

  • Conservation agreements and covenants under the NP&W Act, TSC Act and Conveyancing Act 1919;
  • Environmental Planning Instruments under Part 3 of the EP&A Act;
  • Environmental impact assessment under the EP&A Act; and
  • Consideration of a critical habitat declaration under the TSC Act.

Priority sites requiring action under this objective are listed in the high and moderate risk categories of the threat assessment contained in Appendix 5.

Action 1.1: The DEC will advise landholders of the opportunities and advantages of entering into conservation agreements and covenants

Opportunities for such agreements include Voluntary Conservation Agreements (VCAs) under the NP&W Act, Joint Management Agreements and Property Management Plans under the TSC Act, and appropriately worded covenants under the Conveyancing Act 1919.

Action 1.2: Councils will ensure that when Local Environment Plans and Development Control Plans are prepared, or reviewed, they have reference to this recovery plan and any future advice from the DEC regarding the distribution and ecology of the species

Specifically, Shellharbour City Council will ensure that the Mineral Resources LES and LEP for the Dunster Hills area considers measures to protect the species and its habitat from the direct and indirect effects of quarrying.

Action 1.3: The Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural Resources will ensure that when Environmental Planning Instruments are prepared, or reviewed, they have reference to this recovery plan and any future advice from the DEC regarding the distribution and ecology of the species

Action 1.4: Councils and the Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural Resources will assess developments and activities with reference to this recovery plan, environmental impact assessment guidelines

(Appendix 4) and any future advice from the DEC regarding the distribution, threats, biology and ecology of the species

Action 1.5: The DEC, in consultation with the recovery team, will reconsider the need for a declaration of critical habitat following the results of survey and ecological investigations

Performance Criterion 1:

No D. sp. C Illawarra sites lost as a result of land- use change.

Specific Objective 2: To identify and manage the threats operating at sites that contain the species

Threats operating at D. sp. C Illawarra sites (in addition to land clearing which is addressed under Specific Objective 1) include weed invasion, rubbish dumping and grazing by livestock and feral deer. Actions under this objective aim to manage these threats through the implementation of appropriate in-situ threat abatement measures in accordance with management plans and site management statements.

Action 2.1: The DEC will prepare site management statements for sites that are located on land that is managed by the DEC, or on land that is subject to a VCA

Site management statements will be prepared following the proforma in Appendix 6. These statements will detail the specific threat abatement measures required at each site and a timetable for the implementation of these measures. Sites relevant to this action include Dc17, Dc21, Dc27 and Dc40.

Performance criterion 2.1

Site management statements for relevant sites prepared within one year.

Action 2.2: The DEC will implement threat abatement measures in accordance with the site management statements prepared under Action 2.1

Performance criterion 2.2

Threat abatement measures for relevant sites implemented in accordance with site management statements.

Action 2.3: Councils will incorporate specific in- situ protection measures for the species into Plans of Management for community land

Shellharbour City Council and Kiama Municipal Council will incorporate site specific in-situ protection measures for D. sp. C Illawarra into Plans of Management for community land where the species occurs. Relevant community land occurs at Jerrara Dam (Dc35) in Kiama LGA and Blackbutt (Dc15) in Shellharbour LGA.

Site specific information on the species that is to be incorporated into these plans includes:

  • Stem numbers, condition and location details;
  • An assessment of existing and potential threats at the site;
  • Details of threat abatement measures to be implemented to address these threats; and
  • Details of a monitoring program to assess the effectiveness of threat abatement measures.

Where a Plan of Management has already been prepared that does not address the matters listed above, an addendum to the plan will be prepared that addresses these matters.

Performance Criterion 2.3

In-situ protection measures for the species incorporated into Plans of Management within three years.

Action 2.4: The DEC will undertake surveys to determine the status and extent of sites located on freehold land

Where possible, surveys will be undertaken between July and September to enable data on the presence and extent of flowering and fruiting stems to be recorded.

Performance Criterion 2.4

Sites on freehold land surveyed within three years, subject to landholder approval.

Action 2.5: The DEC, in consultation with landholders, will prepare site management statements for priority sites that are located on freehold land

The DEC, in consultation with, and subject to the approval of, landholders, will assess the condition of priority sites that are located on freehold land and prepare site management statements (following the proforma in Appendix 6) that detail the specific threat abatement measures required at those sites and a timetable to implement those measures.

For the purposes of this action, priority sites are those sites that are listed in the low or moderate risk categories of the threat assessment contained in Appendix 5.

Performance criterion 2.5

Site management statements prepared for relevant sites within three years, subject to landholder approval.

Action 2.6: The DEC will encourage and assist landholders in the implementation of threat abatement measures on freehold land, in accordance with the site management statements prepared under Action 2.5

Performance Criterion 2.6

Threat abatement measures for relevant sites implemented in accordance with site management statements within five years, subject to landholder approval.

Specific Objective 3: To provide the community with information that assists in conserving the species

The prompt and effective distribution of information on D. sp. C Illawarra and its habitat is an important component of ensuring that the conservation requirements of the species are appropriately considered in environmental impact assessment, land-use planning, and land management processes. Actions under this objective use the following mechanisms to aid the dissemination of information about the species:

  • Continued coordination of the Illawarra
  • Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Team;
  • Prompt distribution of location records to relevant parties; and
  • Updated species profiles and environmental impact assessment guidelines prepared.

Action 3.1: The DEC will coordinate regular meetings of the Illawarra Threatened Flora Recovery Team

The DEC will continue to coordinate regular meetings of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Team to oversee the implementation of this recovery plan. These meetings will serve to facilitate discussion on the management of the species and the dissemination of information to key stakeholders.

Performance Criterion 3.1

Meetings of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Team held twice a year.

Action 3.2: The DEC will coordinate the prompt distribution of location records through the Atlas of NSW Wildlife

Performance Criterion 3.2

Location records available on the Atlas of NSW Wildlife within four months of verification or discovery.

Action 3.3: The DEC will update the profile and environmental impact assessment guidelines for the species to incorporate information acquired during the implementation of this recovery plan

Performance Criterion 3.3

Profile and environmental impact assessment guidelines updated as required.

Action 3.4: DEC will prepare a submission to have the species added to the Threatened Species Hazard Reduction List

The DEC will prepare a submission to have D. sp. C Illawarra added to the Threatened Species Hazard

Reduction List (TSHRL), which is a part of Bush Fire Environmental Assessment Code. This will enable the conservation requirements of the species to be considered by public authorities when planning bush fire hazard reduction work or issuing Bush Fire Hazard Reduction Certificates.

Performance Criterion 3.4

D. sp. C Illawarra added to the TSHRL within one year.

Action 3.5: Public authorities will inform the DEC of decisions that may affect the species, in accordance with statutory requirements

Public authorities will inform the DEC if planning or development decisions are made that may affect D. sp. C Illawarra or its habitat, in accordance with statutory requirements. For the purposes of this action, public authorities are taken to include the following:

  • Wollongong City Council;
  • Shellharbour City Council;
  • Kiama Municipal Council;
  • Shoalhaven City Council;
  • Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural Resources; and
  • Rural Fire Service.

The Rural Fire Service will implement this action, with respect to bush fire hazard reduction, by ensuring that there is adequate access by the DEC to temporal and spatial data from the Bushfire Risk Information Management System.

Performance Criterion 3.5

DEC informed of decisions that affect D. sp. C Illawarra or its habitat.

Specific Objective 4: To raise awareness of the species and involve the community in the recovery program

In order to enhance the social benefits of the recovery program for D. sp. C Illawarra, actions under this objective aim to raise awareness of the recovery plan and involve the community in its implementation.

Action 4.1: DEC will prepare and distribute an annual newsletter detailing the progress of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Program

The DEC will prepare an annual newsletter to raise awareness of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Program (which includes the D. sp. C Illawarra recovery program) and encourage community involvement in its implementation. The newsletter will be distributed to affected landholders, public authorities, community groups and interested individuals.

Performance indicator 4.1

Newsletter produced and distributed annually.

Action 4.2: The DEC and Councils will raise awareness of, and encourage community involvement in, the recovery program

The DEC, Wollongong City Council, Shellharbour City Council and Kiama Municipal Council will raise awareness of the recovery program amongst community groups and interested individuals, and will encourage involvement in the implementation of recovery actions including survey, monitoring and bush regeneration. The DEC will also liaise with Landcare Illawarra to encourage Landcare groups to become involved in the recovery program.

Shoalhaven City Council has advised that it will not be responsible for the implementation of this action.

Performance indicator 4.2

Community groups and individuals aware of the recovery program and involved in the implementation of recovery actions.

Action 4.3: The DEC and Councils will issue press releases that highlight key events in the implementation of the recovery plan

The DEC, Wollongong City Council, Shellharbour City Council and Kiama Municipal Council will issue press releases that highlight key events in the implementation of the recovery plan. Such key events may include the signing of conservation agreements, the discovery of new sites, the establishment of new bush regeneration groups etc.

Shoalhaven City Council has advised that it will not be responsible for the implementation of this action.

Performance Criterion: 4.3

Media coverage of key events associated with the implementation of the recovery plan achieved.

Specific Objective 5: To establish the extent of the current distribution of the species

Our knowledge of the distribution of D. sp. C Illawarra sites (as detailed in Section 5) is considered to be incomplete. Actions under this objective aim to establish the extent of the distribution of the species through predictive modelling and the targeted survey of potential habitat.

Action 5.1: The DEC will undertake predictive modelling of potential habitat for the species

Performance Criterion 5.1

Potential habitat determined within one year.

Action 5.2: The DEC will coordinate targeted surveys for the species

Performance Criterion 5.2

High quality potential habitat for the species surveyed within three years, subject to landholder approval.

Specific Objective 6: To promote research that will assist with the management of the species

Actions under this objective aim to improve our knowledge of aspects of the ecology and biology of the species that will assist in the practical management of the species.

Action 6.1: The DEC will coordinate investigations into essential aspects of species ecology and biology as identified in this recovery plan

The DEC will liaise with local research institutions (including Universities and Botanic Gardens) to encourage and facilitate research into the species that is consistent with the priorities outlined in Section 8.2. Where possible, the DEC will undertake components of this research program.

Action 6.2: The DEC will investigate basic aspects of the seed biology of the species

Performance Criterion 6

Investigations into essential aspects of the species biology and ecology commenced within two years.

Specific Objective 7: To maintain an ex-situ seed collection for the species

As discussed in Section 8.5, the establishment of a comprehensive ex-situ germplasm collection for D. sp. C Illawarra is not considered necessary for the survival of the species. However, to provide some protection against the unexpected loss of genetic material, it would be prudent to maintain an ex-situ collection of D. sp. C Illawarra seed collected from the sites that produce viable seed.

Action 7.1: The DEC will aim to collect a representative sample of seed from each site that is found to produce viable seed, for placement in long-term seed storage

Action 7.2: The DEC will undertake the long- term storage of seed collected under Action 7.1

Performance Criterion 7

A representative sample of seed from each seed- producing site placed in long-term storage within two years, subject to landholder approval.