National recovery plan for the Nightcap Oak (Eidothea hardeniana)

Threatened Species Unit, Western
New South Wales Department of Environment and Conservation, 2004
ISBN: 0 7313 6781 2

Foreword

The New South Wales Government established a new environment agency on 24 September 2003, the Department of Environment and Conservation (NSW), which incorporates the New South Wales National Parks and Wildlife Service. Responsibility for the preparation of Recovery Plans now rests with this new department.

This document constitutes the New South Wales State and National Recovery Plan for Eidothea hardeniana Weston & Kooyman (Nightcap Oak), and as such considers the conservation requirements of the species across its range. It identifies the actions to be taken to ensure the long-term viability of the Nightcap Oak in nature and the parties who will undertake these actions.

The Nightcap Oak is included as Critically Endangered on the Commonwealth Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999, and is listed as an Endangered species on the NSW Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995. The Nightcap Oak is a rainforest tree from the Nightcap Range of north-east New South Wales. It is located only on public land, namely national park estate.

The future recovery actions detailed in this Recovery Plan include: habitat management; survey for further populations; investigations into genetics, pollination biology and life history; monitoring for changes in the population; and ex-situ conservation.

It is intended that this Recovery Plan will be implemented over a five year period. Actions will be undertaken by the Department of Environment and Conservation using existing resources and externally sourced funding.

[signed]
LISA CORBYN
Director-General

[signed]
BOB DEBUS MP
Minister for the Environment

Acknowledgments

Dianne Brown, Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC), Threatened Species Unit, North East Branch, prepared this plan.

The Nightcap Oak Recovery Team comprised Dianne Brown, Robert Kooyman (consultant botanist), Ken McRay (Department of Primary Industries), Damien Hofmeyer (DEC) and Peter Weston (DEC). The Recovery Team is thanked for input into and assistance with the preparation of this plan.

Robert Kooyman, for survey work and background report on distribution and habitat. Peter Weston for the taxonomic description. Maurizio Rossetto (DEC) and Robert Henry (Southern Cross University) for genetic studies. Peter Bernhardt (University of St Louis), Peter Weston and Robert Kooyman for information on the pollination studies. Anthony Azzopardi, Peter Cuneo and Cathy Offord (DEC), the late Barry Walker (Nimbin) and Alex Floyd (Coffs Harbour Regional Botanic Gardens) for information on propagation. Lesley Elkan (DEC) for provision of the line drawings. Lynn Baker, Andrew McIntyre, and Katrina McKay (DEC) Threatened Species Unit for project support and assistance.

DEC Threatened Species Unit North East Branch funded survey and establishment of monitoring plots.

1. Introduction

Eidothea hardeniana Weston & Kooyman (Nightcap Oak) occurs only in New South Wales (NSW), and is currently known from one population of about 100 adult plants and about 84 juveniles/seedlings in the Nightcap Range on the far north coast of NSW. The species is a tall rainforest tree in the Proteaceae family and was first discovered in 2000. It has recently been formally described (Weston & Kooyman 2002).

This document constitutes the NSW and National Recovery Plan for the Nightcap Oak and as such considers the requirements of the species across its known range. It identifies the actions to be taken to ensure the long-term viability of the Nightcap Oak in nature and the parties who will undertake these actions. Achieving the objectives of this Recovery Plan is subject to budgetary and other constraints affecting the parties involved. The information in this Recovery Plan is accurate to July 2004.

This plan has been prepared by the Department of Environment and Conservation (DEC) in consultation with the Nightcap Oak Recovery Team.