Varnish bush (Eremophila viscida) Interim Recovery Plan 2003-2008

Interim recovery plan no. 137
Robyn Phillimore, Rebecca Evans, Andrew Brown & Val English
Department of Conservation and Land Management, WA, 2003

4. Term of plan

This Interim Recovery Plan will operate from April 2003 to March 2008 but will remain in force until withdrawn or replaced. If the taxon is still ranked Critically Endangered after five years, the need to review this IRP or to replace it with a full Recovery Plan will be determined.

5. Acknowledgements

The following people have provided assistance and advice in the preparation of this Interim Recovery Plan:

Brett Beecham    Regional Ecologist, DCLM's Wheatbelt Region, Narrogin
Karen Bettink    Former Conservation Officer, DCLM's Merredin District
Kate Brunt    Conservation Officer, DCLM's Merredin District
Alanna Chant    Conservation Officer, DCLM's Geraldton District
Bob Chinnock    Botanist, South Australian Herbarium
Anne Cochrane    Manager, DCLM's Threatened Flora Seed Centre
Anthony Desmond    Regional Leader, Nature Conservation, DCLM's Midwest Region
Mike Fitzgerald    Former Project Officer, DCLM's Merredin District
Sue Patrick    Senior Research Scientist, DCLM's Science Division
Amanda Shade    Horticulturalist, Botanic Garden and Parks Authority

Thanks also to staff of the W.A. Herbarium for providing access to Herbarium databases and specimen information, and the Department's Wildlife Branch for their assistance.

6. References

Brown, A., Thomson-Dans, C. and Marchant, N. (Eds). (1998) Western Australia's Threatened Flora. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Cochrane, A., Brown, K. and Kelly, A. (2002) Low temperature and low moisture storage of seed of the endemic Australian genus Eremophila R Br (Myoporaceae). Journal of the Royal Society of Western Australia, 85, 31-35.

Department of Conservation and Land Management (1992) Policy Statement No. 44 Wildlife Management Programs. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Department of Conservation and Land Management (1994) Policy Statement No. 50 Setting Priorities for the Conservation of Western Australia's Threatened Flora and Fauna. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Department of Conservation and Land Management (1995) Policy Statement No. 29 Translocation of Threatened Flora and Fauna. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Elliot, W. R. and Jones, D.L. (1984) Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants Suitable for Cultivation, Vol 3. Lothian Publishing Co., Melbourne.

Mollemans, F.H., Brown, P.H. and Coates, D.J. (1993) Declared Rare Flora and other plants in need of special protection in the Merredin District. Wildlife Management Program No. 9. Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Canberra; Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia.

Richmond, G. and Coates, D. (1995) Population dynamics, seed biology and conservation of six endangered Eremophila species. Unpublished report, Australian Nature Conservation Agency, Department of Conservation and Land Management.

Western Australian Herbarium (1998) FloraBase - Information on the Western Australian Flora. Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australia. http://www.calm.wa.gov.au/science/

Weston, A. (1985) The vegetation, flora and avifauna of Chiddarcooping Nature Reserve. Unpublished Report Department of Conservation and Land Management, Western Australian Heritage Committee.

World Conservation Union (2000) IUCN red list categories prepared by the IUCN Species Survival Commission, as approved by the 51st meeting of the IUCN Council. Gland, Switzerland.

7. Taxonomic description

Elliot, W. R. and Jones, D.L. (1984) Encyclopaedia of Australian Plants Suitable for Cultivation, Vol 3. Lothian Publishing Co., Melbourne.

Eremophila viscida
Medium to tall shrub; branches glabrous, sticky, shiny brown; leaves 5-10 cm long by about 1 cm wide, alternate, lanceolate to elliptic, folded lengthwise, shiny, sticky, glabrous, margins entire, apex pointed; flowers tubular, about 2 cm long, white to pale yellow or reddish, with purple-spotted interior, exterior hairy, on slender pedicels, in upper axils; stamens exserted; calyx lobes to about 0.7 cm long, grey-blue or reddish, blunt, veined; fruit ovoid, 0.5 - 0.7 cm x about 0.4 cm, compressed, hairy on the upper part.

Addendum

Varnish Bush (Eremophila viscida) Interim Recovery Plan 2003-2008

In adopting this plan under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC Act), the Minister for the Environment and Heritage has approved the following modifications.

Critical Habitat
The plan identifies a broad area as critical habitat, including buffer zones of a set distance around known populations. The Threatened Species Scientific Committee does not necessarily believe that such an area qualifies as habitat critical to the survival of the species, as defined in the EPBC Act.

Recovery Criteria

For the purposes of reviewing this recovery plan under the EPBC Act, the Recovery Criteria are amended to read as follows:

Criteria for success: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have increased by 10% or more over the period of the plan's adoption under the EPBC Act.
Criteria for failure: The number of individuals within populations and/or the number of populations have decreased by 10% or more over the period of the plan's adoption under the EPBC Act.