Approved NSW and National Recovery Plan for the Grevillea beadleana
Threatened Species Unit, North East Branch
New South Wales Department of Environment and Conservation, 2004
ISBN: 174122 135 8
14. Objectives of the Recovery Plan
- Objective 1: Increase knowledge of extant populations through further surveys of known populations and identification of new populations.
- Objective 2: Improve ecological understanding of Grevillea beadleana
- Specific Objective 3: Protect populations on private and leasehold land with the co-operation of the landowner or lessee.
- Objective 4: Promote persistence of Grevillea beadleana within current range by reducing or removing threats.
- Objective 5: Increase community awareness of the species and its management.
- Objective 6: Co-ordinate implementation of the Recovery Plan
The overall objective of the Recovery Plan is to reduce the risk of extinction and to recover the species such that a change in the current status of Grevillea beadleana (under the TSC Act and the EPBC Act) from Endangered to Vulnerable within 10 years is achieved.
Objective 1: Increase knowledge of extant populations through further surveys of known populations and identification of new populations.
The five known Grevillea beadleana populations are significantly different in location, accessibility, population size and extent, age and vulnerability and therefore require individual site-specific management strategies. It is important that population surveys and threat assessments occur on an annual basis to ensure that appropriate management strategies are being implemented. Potential habitat areas, such as the escarpments of the Oxley Wild Rivers National Park, should be assessed for the likelihood of the occurrence of G. beadleana. Those areas that are considered as likely to contain G. beadleana, should be surveyed. It is important that all land managers and owners are aware of the location of G. beadleana in order to appropriately manage the sites for the long term protection of the species. Where G. beadleana is critically threatened with local extinction, consideration should be given to declaring the area as Critical Habitat within the meaning of the TSC Act.
Undertake surveys and threat assessment at known populations and those areas likely to contain Grevillea beadleana.
Performance criteria: Surveys and threat assessment are undertaken at known Grevillea beadleana populations within 12 months of the commencement of the plan and then annually for the duration of the Recovery Plan. Those areas considered likely to contain G. beadleana are surveyed as opportunities arise for the duration of the Recovery Plan.
Inform all relevant land managers and owners of Grevillea beadleana locations and hold discussions to protect all populations.
Performance criteria: Land managers and owners are aware of Grevillea beadleana populations on their land, the threats to each population, their responsibilities to protect them and the assistance that DEC can provide to manage the populations by the end of year two of the Recovery Plan.
Assess known Grevillea beadleana sites to determine whether declaration as Critical Habitat within the meaning of the TSC Act is warranted.
Performance criteria: All known Grevillea beadleana sites should be assessed to determine whether they require being declared as Critical Habitat and appropriate action taken if required throughout the life of this Plan.
Various aspects of research into population and seedbank dynamics, reproductive ecology and response to fire has been undertaken over the last seven years at UNE. This research has provided important information that assists in the conservation management of Grevillea beadleana, however further ecological research is needed to develop long term management strategies to prevent ongoing decline and the risk of extinction.
An ex situ conservation program should be developed to manage Grevillea beadleana plants that have been propagated for glasshouse research studies. A feasibility study should be undertaken to determine the need for re-introduction at sites where a severe decline in population size is observed or there is a likelihood of local extinction.
Continue population studies into Grevillea beadleana at all known sites.
Performance criteria: Population size and dynamics are assessed at each site on an annual basis for a minimum of three years and reviewed during year four of the Recovery Plan.
Continue research into the seedbank and fire ecology of Grevillea beadleana.
Performance criteria: Research into the seedbank and fire ecology of Grevillea beadleana is undertaken in the first three years and reviewed during year four of the Recovery Plan.
Develop appropriate management strategies and make recommendations about the need for further research programs following a review of actions 2.1 and 2.2.
Performance criteria: The results of the actions 2.1 and 2.2 are reviewed, management strategies are revised and implemented, and recommendations for additional research are made during year four of the Recovery Plan.
Prepare and implement a Grevillea beadleana ex-situ conservation program and conduct a re-introduction feasibility study.
Performance criteria: An ex-situ conservation plan study is prepared and implemented for plants that have been propagated for glasshouse research during year four of the Recovery Plan. A re-introduction feasibility study is conducted during year four of the Recovery Plan.
Specific Objective 3: Protect populations on private and leasehold land with the co-operation of the landowner or lessee.
Private landowners and lessees of areas supporting Grevillea beadleana populations are supportive of the conservation of G. beadleana and the research projects undertaken on their land. Previous discussions regarding conservation management have been productive and should continue. Relationships between DEC and landowners and lessees of any areas containing new populations of G. beadleana need to be nurtured with a view to obtaining the best outcome for conservation and the landowners and lessees.
Investigate options for protecting Grevillea beadleana populations on private and leasehold land.
Performance criteria: All options for protecting Grevillea beadleana populations on private and leasehold land are fully investigated by year three of the Recovery Plan.
Undertake discussions with landowners and lessees about the protection of Grevillea beadleana populations on private and leasehold land.
Performance criteria: Discussions with landowners and lessees are undertaken to protect populations of Grevillea beadleana on private and leasehold land for the duration of the Recovery Plan.
Objective 4: Promote persistence ofGrevillea beadleana within current range by reducing or removing threats.
The primary threat to all Grevillea beadleana populations is the occurrence of frequent fires that kill existing plants and result in ongoing depletion of the seedbank. It is estimated that about 15 years between fires is required to allow plants to develop to full maturity and for the seedbank to be replenished. Other threats such as grazing, drought and illegal collection should be dealt at on a site-specific basis as the need is assessed. Existing weed and pest control programs should continue.
It is important to ensure that specific location information on wild populations is not freely available to members of the public. In order to maintain confidentiality of site data, specific reports generated throughout the implementation of the plan should remain for internal use only. Where there is a need to divulge specific location information, for instance to local fire control officers or local councils, the importance of maintaining confidentiality must be stressed to those who receive the information.
Reduce or eliminate the threat of frequent fire regimes to Grevillea beadleana by implementing appropriate planning mechanisms.
Performance criteria: Protection of Grevillea beadleana is included as a specific objective of all relevant DEC Reserve Fire Management Plans by year three of the Recovery Plan. Private landowners and lessees have been informed of the need to reduce the incidence of frequent fires by the end of year two of the Recovery Plan.
Apply appropriate management strategies to eliminate or reduce site-specific threats identified during population surveys and ecological research.
Performance criteria: The impact of other threats identified at each Grevillea beadleana population is assessed and addressed according to the specific need for the duration of the Recovery Plan.
Maintain confidentiality of all Grevillea beadleana locations.
Performance criteria: Confidentiality of locations of Grevillea beadleana is maintained at all times.
In order to improve community education and coin areas where Grevillea beadleana is known or is likely to occur, an information leaflet should be prepared that is available for interested local landowners from relevant Regional DEC offices and local Councils. The leaflet should outline the habitat, distribution and threats to G. beadleana, the responsibilities of landowners for its conservation and appropriate management practices that landowners can implement to assist in the protection of G. beadleana.
Prepare and distribute an information leaflet to landowners in areas where Grevillea beadleana is considered as highly likely to occur and place on display at relevant Regional DEC offices and local Councils for other interested local landowners.
Performance criteria: An information leaflet is prepared and distributed to landowners in areas where Grevillea beadleana is considered as highly likely to occur and also made available for other interested local landowners by the end of year one of the Recovery Plan.
Convene annual Recovery Team meetings to co-ordinate and review the implementation of the actions in this Recovery Plan.
Performance criteria: Annual Recovery Team meetings are held to co-ordinate population surveys, ecological research, threat management and to consider the results of these activities so that management strategies are applied and revised as required.