Zieria granulata (Illawarra Zieria) Recovery Plan
NSW Department of Environment and Conservation, 2005
ISBN: 1 7412 2143 9
9 Proposed Recovery Objectives, Actions and Performance Criteria
The overall objective of this recovery plan is to provide for the continued and long-term survival of Zieria granulata in the wild by promoting the in-situ conservation of the species across its natural range.
The specific recovery objectives are:
- To conserve Z. granulata using land-use and conservation planning mechanisms;
- To identify and manage the threats operating at sites that contain the species;
- To provide the community with information that assists in conserving the species;
- To raise awareness of the species and involve the community in the recovery program;
- To promote research that will assist with the management of the species;
- To coordinate an ex-situ conservation program to safeguard genetic material from extinction.
Specific Objective 1: To conserve Z. granulata using land-use and conservation planning mechanisms
A high proportion of Z. granulata sites occur on freehold land that is not managed primarily for conservation purposes. This objective aims to increase the legislative protection afforded these sites through the following mechanisms:
- Conservation agreements and covenants under the NP&W Act, NSW TSC Act and Conveyancing Act 1919;
- Environmental Planning Instruments under Part 3 of the EP&A Act;
- Environmental impact assessment under the EP&A Act; and
- Consideration of a critical habitat declaration under the NSW TSC Act.
Priority sites requiring action under this objective are listed as high and moderate risk sites in the threat assessment for the species (Appendix 4).
Action 1.1: The DEC will advise landholders of the opportunities and advantages of entering into conservation agreements and covenants
Opportunities for such agreements include Voluntary Conservation Agreements (VCAs) under the NP&W Act, Joint Management Agreements and Property Management Plans under the NSW TSC Act, and appropriately worded covenants under the Conveyancing Act 1919.
Action 1.2: Councils will ensure that when Local Environment Plans and Development Control Plans are prepared or reviewed, they have reference to this recovery plan and any future advice from the DEC regarding the distribution and ecology of the species
Specifically, Shellharbour City Council will ensure that the Mineral Resources LEP and the Urban Fringe LEP consider measures to protect the species and its habitat from the direct and indirect effects of quarrying and residential development respectively.
Action 1.3: The Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural Resources will ensure that when Environmental Planning Instruments are prepared or reviewed, they have reference to this recovery plan and any future advice from the DEC regarding the distribution and ecology of the species
Action 1.4: Councils and the Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural Resources will assess developments and activities with reference to this recovery plan, environmental impact assessment guidelines (Appendix 3) and any future advice from the DEC regarding the distribution, habitat, threats, biology and ecology of the species
Action 1.5: The DEC, in consultation with the recovery team, will reconsider the need for a declaration of critical habitat by the third year of implementation of this plan
Performance Criterion 1
The level of protection afforded Z. granulata sites and populations is increased through land-use and conservation planning decisions.
Specific Objective 2: To identify and manage the threats operating at sites that contain the species
Threats operating at Z. granulata sites (in addition to land clearing, which is addressed under Specific Objective 1) include grazing and trampling by livestock, weed invasion, vegetation slashing, herbicide spraying, and rubbish dumping. Actions under this objective aim to manage these threats through the implementation of appropriate in-situ threat abatement measures.
Action 2.1: The DEC will prepare site management statements for sites located on land that is managed by the DEC, or land that is subject to a VCA
Site management statements will be prepared following the proforma in Appendix 6. These statements will detail the specific threat abatement measures that are required at each site and a timetable for the implementation of these measures. The sites that are relevant to this action are Zg39, Zg30 and Zg84.
Performance Criterion 2.1
Site management statements for relevant sites prepared within one year.
Action 2.2: The DEC will implement threat abatement measures in accordance with the site management statements prepared under Action 2.1
Performance Criterion 2.2
Threat abatement measures for relevant sites implemented in accordance with site management statements.
Action 2.3: Councils will incorporate site specific protection measures for the species into Plans of Management for community land
Shellharbour City Council and Kiama Municipal Council will incorporate site specific in-situ protection measures for Z. granulata into the Plans of Management for community land where the species occurs.
Relevant sites within Shellharbour LGA occur in Elisabeth Brownlee Reserve (Zg2), and Bass Point Reserve (Zg27 and Zg28). Two proposed council reserves at Blackbutt (Zg1) and Shellcove (Zg22) will also be relevant to this action once their rezoning is complete.
Relevant sites within Kiama LGA occur in Bonaira Native Gardens (Zg68), Jerrara Dam (Zg71 to Zg75), Kiama Aquatic Centre (Zg58), Minnamurra Headland (Zg48), Turpentine Reserve (Zg51), and Stead Reserve (Zg59).
Site specific information on Z. granulata that is to be incorporated into these plans includes:
- Plant numbers, condition and location details;
- An assessment of existing and potential threats at the site;
- Details of threat abatement measures to be implemented to address these threats; and
- Details of a monitoring program to assess the effectiveness of threat abatement measures.
Where a Plan of Management has already been prepared that does not address the matters listed above, an addendum to the plan will be prepared that addresses these matters.
Kiama Municipal Council will also consider the need to prepare management plans (or addenda to existing plans) for Council managed crown reserves that contain the species. Such sites occur in North Kiama Park (Zg94) and Saddleback Mountain Reserve (Zg78 and Zg79).
Performance Criterion 2.3
In-situ protection measures for the species incorporated into Plans of Management within three years.
Action 2.4: Kiama Municipal Council will prepare and implement a management plan for roadside sites within Kiama LGA
Kiama Municipal Council will prepare and implement a management plan for roadside Z. granulata sites that occur within Kiama LGA. This management plan will contain the following:
- location details of all roadside Z. granulata sites in the LGA and a process for the easy field identification of these sites by Council staff;
- measures to protect the species from damage during roadside and dry stone wall maintenance activities;
- measures to regenerate habitat for the species at specific roadside locations; and
- a program to monitor and evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed identification, protection and regeneration measures.
Performance Criterion 2.4
Management plan for roadside sites in Kiama LGA prepared within two years.
Action 2.5: The DEC will continue to liaise with the Killalea State Park Trust to facilitate the implementation of threat abatement measures at sites within Killalea State Park
Performance Criterion 2.5
Threat abatement measures implemented at all sites within Killalea State Park within five years.
Action 2.6: The DEC will liaise with the Department of Lands and the Roads and Traffic Authority regarding the status and management of sites on land that is under their control
Crown land relevant to this action includes Bass Point Reserve (Zg27 and Zg28), Killalea State Park (Zg23 to Zg26), North Kiama Park (Zg94), Saddleback Mountain Reserve (Zg78 and Zg79), and land adjacent to the Dunmore Quarry (Zg20 and Zg21). Land managed by the RTA that is relevant to this action occurs at Tabbagong Forest (Zg51 and Zg52) and the Minnamurra Bends (Zg50).
Performance Criterion 2.6
Liaison commenced within one year.
Action 2.7: The DEC will liaise with the Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural Resource (DIPNR) and Duke Energy to ensure that the approval conditions for the Eastern Gas Pipeline that relate to the species have been complied with
Performance Criterion 2.7
Compliance with relevant approval conditions demonstrated within two years.
Action 2.8: The DEC will coordinate surveys to determine the size and status of freehold sites
Performance Criterion 2.8
The size and status of all freehold sites determined within three years, subject to landholder approval.
Action 2.9: The DEC, in consultation with (and subject to the approval of) landholders, will prepare site management statements for priority sites on freehold land
The DEC will assess the condition of priority sites located on freehold land, subject to the approval of landholders. The DEC will then, in consultation with the landholders, prepare site management statements (following the proforma in Appendix 7) that detail the specific threat abatement measures required at those sites.
For the purposes of this action, priority sites are those sites that are listed in the low or moderate risk categories of the threat assessment for the species (Appendix 4). The interim assessment of relative conservation significance (Appendix 5) should be used to determine priorities within this group of priority sites, where necessary.
Performance Criterion 2.9
Site management statements prepared for priority sites on freehold land within three years, subject to landholder approval.
Action 2.10: The DEC will encourage and assist landholders in the implementation of threat abatement measures on freehold land in accordance with the site management statements prepared under Action 2.9
Performance Criterion 2.10
Threat abatement measures for relevant sites implemented in accordance with site management statements within five years, subject to landholder approval.
Specific Objective 3: To provide the community with information that assists in conserving the species
The prompt and effective distribution of information on Z. granulata and its habitat is an important component of ensuring that the conservation requirements of the species are appropriately considered in environmental impact assessment, land-use planning, and land management processes. Actions under this objective use the following mechanisms to aid the dissemination of information about the species:
- Continued coordination of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Team;
- Prompt distribution of accurate location records to relevant parties; and
- Updated species profiles and environmental impact assessment guidelines prepared.
Action 3.1: DEC will coordinate regular meetings of the Illawarra Threatened Flora Recovery Team
The DEC will continue to coordinate regular meetings of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Team to oversee the implementation of this recovery plan. These meetings will serve to facilitate discussion on the management of the species and the dissemination of information to key stakeholders.
Performance Criterion 3.1
Meetings of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Team held twice a year.
Action 3.2: The DEC will coordinate the prompt distribution of site records through the Atlas of NSW Wildlife
Performance Criterion 3.2
Location records available on the Atlas of NSW Wildlife within four months of verification or discovery.
Action 3.3: The DEC will update the profile and environmental impact assessment guidelines for the species to incorporate information acquired during the implementation of this recovery plan
Performance Criterion 3.3
Profile and environmental impact assessment guidelines for the species updated as required.
Action 3.4: The DEC will prepare a submission to add the species to the Threatened Species Hazard Reduction List
The DEC will prepare a submission to have Z. granulata added to the Threatened Species Hazard Reduction List (TSHRL), which is a part of the Bush Fire Environmental Assessment Code. This will enable the conservation requirements of the species to be considered by public authorities when planning bush fire hazard reduction work or issuing Bush Fire Hazard Reduction Certificates.
Performance Criterion 3.4
Species added to the TSHRL within one year.
Action 3.5: Public authorities will inform the DEC of decisions that may affect the species, in accordance with statutory requirements
Public authorities will inform the DEC if planning or development decisions are made that may affect Z. granulata or its habitat, in accordance with statutory requirements. For the purposes of this action, public authorities are taken to include the following:
- Shellharbour City Council;
- Kiama Municipal Council;
- Department of Infrastructure Planning and Natural Resources; and
- Rural Fire Service
- The Rural Fire Service will implement this action, with respect to bush fire hazard reduction, by ensuring that there is adequate access by the DEC to temporal and spatial data from the Bushfire Risk Information Management System (BRIMS).
Performance Criterion 3.5
DEC informed of decisions that affect Z. granulata or its habitat.
Specific Objective 4: To raise awareness of the species and involve the community in the recovery program
In order to enhance the social benefits of the recovery program for Z. granulata, actions under this objective aim to raise awareness of the recovery plan and involve the community in its implementation.
Action 4.1: The DEC will prepare and distribute an annual newsletter detailing the progress of the Illawarra Regional Threatened Flora Recovery Program (IRTFRP)
The DEC will prepare an annual newsletter to raise awareness of the IRTFRP (which includes the Z. granulata recovery program) and encourage community involvement in its implementation. The newsletter will be distributed to effected landholders, public authorities, community groups and interested individuals.
Performance Criterion 4.1
Newsletter produced and distributed annually.
Action 4.2: The DEC, Councils and the Mt Kembla Environmental Education Centre will raise awareness of, and encourage community involvement in, the recovery program
The DEC, Shellharbour City Council and Kiama Municipal Council will raise awareness of the recovery program amongst community groups and interested individuals, and will encourage involvement in the implementation of recovery actions including survey, monitoring and bush regeneration. The DEC will also liaise with Landcare Illawarra to encourage more Landcare groups to become involved in the recovery program.
The Mt Kembla Environmental Education Centre will develop a monitoring and conservation program to involve students in threat abatement, survey and monitoring activities at Z. granulata sites in Killalea State Park.
Performance Criterion 4.2
Community groups and volunteers aware of the recovery program and involved in the implementation of recovery actions.
Action 4.3: The DEC and Councils will issue press releases that highlight key events in the implementation of this recovery plan
The DEC, Shellharbour City Council and Kiama Municipal Council will issue press releases that highlight key events in the implementation of this recovery plan. Such key events may include the signing of conservation agreements, the discovery of new sites, the establishment of new bush regeneration groups etc.
Performance Criterion 4.3
Media coverage of key events associated with the implementation of this recovery plan achieved.
Specific Objective 5: To promote research that will assist with the management of the species
Actions under this objective aim to improve our knowledge of aspects of the ecology and biology of the species that will assist in its practical management.
Action 5.1: The DEC will coordinate investigations into essential aspects of species ecology and biology as identified in this recovery plan
The DEC will liaise with local research institutions (including Universities and Botanic Gardens) to encourage and facilitate research into the species that is consistent with the priorities outlined in Section 8.2. Where possible, the DEC will undertake components of this research program.
Action 5.2: The DEC will investigate basic aspects of the seed biology of the species
Performance Criterion 5
Investigations into essential aspects of the species biology and ecology commenced within two years.
Specific Objective 6: To coordinate an ex-situ conservation program to safeguard genetic material from extinction
As discussed in Section 8.5, the establishment of a comprehensive ex-situ germplasm collection for Z. granulata is not considered necessary for the survival of the species. However, to provide some protection against the unexpected loss of genetic material, it would be prudent to maintain an ex-situ collection of Z. granulata seed collected from priority sites (as described in Section 8.6.2).
Action 6.1: The DEC will aim to collect a representative sample of seed from each priority site, to be placed in long-term seed storage
Action 6.2: The DEC will undertake the long-term storage of seed collected under Action 6.1
Performance Criterion 6
A representative sample of seed collected from each priority site and placed in long-term storage within three years, subject to landholder approval.